by Max Barry

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About Alpenburg


Federal Republic of Alpenburg | In Unity and Liberty

    Bundesrepublik Alpenburg | In Einheit und Freiheit

    République Fédérale d’Alpesbourg | En unité et liberté

    Repubblica Federale d’Alpiborgo | In unità e libertà

The Federation


The Federal Republic of Alpenburg is a federation, union, and federal republic of the Alpine regions and peoples. Believing in "One for all, all for one" („Einer für alle, alle für einen“; « Un pour tous, tous pour un »; «Uno per tutti, tutti per uno»), the culture of Alpenburg is made up of German, Italian, and French ethnic and language groups. These groups united to form one alpine federation to preserve national well-being, prosperity and democracy, and conserve precious natural and human resources, for "Unity makes strength" („Einigkeit macht stark“; « L'union fait la force »; «L'unione fa la forza»). Alpenburg has also been characterised as a "Land of Mountains, Land of Rivers" („Land der Berge, Land der Strome“; « Pays des montagnes, pays des fleuves »; «Terra di monti, terra di fiumi») for its natural beauty.

Federalism

Federalism makes it possible to enjoy diversity within a single entity. For Alpenburg, with its three national languages (German, French, and Italian) and its diverse geographical landscapes, federalism makes an important contribution to social cohesion of its people (singular: Alpenburger(in), Alpesbourgeois(e), Alpiborghese; plural: Alpenburgers, Alpesbourgeois(es), Alpiborghesi). Alpenburg is a federalist state. This means that state powers are divided between the Federation, the cantons and the cities (municipalities). The cantons and cities have extensive powers and have their own sources of income. This is an example of the application of the principle of subsidiarity. The cantons are federated member states. Executive power is exercised by the government and the federal administration and is not concentrated in any one person. Federal legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of the Federal Assembly. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. The state is referred to as the Federation.

In order to prevent any concentration or abuse of power, like a triskeles, the powers of state are separated between three independent branches:

  1. the legislature (the power that makes the law),

  2. the executive (the power that implements the law),

  3. the judiciary (the power that adjudicates on the law).

These separation of powers means that no person can be a member of more than one of the three federal authorities (i.e., parliament, the government or the supreme court) at the same time. Executive power is exercised by the government and the federal administration and is not concentrated in any one person. Federal legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of the Federal Assembly. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. The state is referred to as the Federation. The structure of the Alpenburg Federation (Alpenburgische Föderation, Fédération Alpesbourgeois, Federazione Alpiborghese) is codified in the Federal Constitution (Bundesverfassung, Constitution fédérale, Costituzione federale). In contrast to a centralised state, the federalised system distributes (devolves) political power and control (responsibility, obligation, competency and jurisdiction) of the state to the cantonal and municipal authorities.

Executive

Alpenburg is one of the few nations to have a Linkdirectorial system of government. Instead of a single individual serving as the head of government and state, the Directory (Direktorium, Directoire, Direttorio) consisting of a seven-member corporate council and executive college called the Federal Council (Bundesrat, Conseil fédéral, Consiglio federale), constitutes the federal government of the Federation. This directory serves as the collective executive head of government and state of Alpenburg. In fact, directories rule at all levels of administration, whether federal, cantonal and municipal. It is a shared system of government that reflects the heterogeneous and multiethnic Alpenburger people. As conveyed by its name, the directory advises ("reads" or "counsels") in governance and decision. The President (Bundespräsident(in), Président(e) de la Fédération, Presidente della Federazione) of the Federation presides as the highest-ranking Alpenburger official. He or she presides over the Federal Council meetings and carries out certain representative functions that, in other nations, are the affairs of a head of state. In urgent situations where a Federal Council decision cannot be made in time, he or she is empowered to act on behalf of the whole Council. Elected from the Council by the Congress of the Federal Assembly (Kongress der Bundesversammlung, Congrès des Assemblée fédérale, Congresso dell'Assemblea federale), the President and Vice President (Vizepräsident(in), Vice-président(e), Vicepresidente) have largely ceremonial roles. The President has approximately equal power to the other six members of the Federal Council. He or she chairs the weekly meetings and undertakes special representational duties. Each Federal Councillor (Bundesrat(-rätin), conseiller(-ère) fédéral(e), consigliere(-a) federale) heads one of the seven executive departments, who acts as a minister of the ministry or Federal Department (Bundesdepartement, Département fédéral, Dipartimento federale) and serves a four-year term with no term limit. A Federal Office (Bundesamt, Office fédéral, Ufficio federale) or State Secretariat (Staatssekretariat, Secrétariat d'État, Segreteria di Stato) is the administrative unit of a federal department. Any Alpenburger of the legal age of 18 can be elected to the Federal Council. Federal Councillors (Bundesräte(-innen), conseillers fédéraux, consiglieri federale) are elected individually by secret ballot by an absolute majority of votes. There is no relationship of confidence between Federal Assembly and the Federal Council. Heading the Federal Chancellery (Bundeskanzlei, Chancellerie fédérale, Cancelleria federale), the Federal Chancellor (Bundeskanzler(in), Chancelier(-ière) fédéral(e), Cancelliere(-a) federale), also elected by the Federal Assembly, acts as chief of staff (Stabschef, chef d'état-major, capo di stato maggiore) to the Federal Council and is not a member of the government.

Federal Council
  • Michele Lauda | President + Federal Department of Environment, Transport, Energy and Communications

      Bundesdepartement für Umwelt, Verkehr, Energie und Kommunikation; Département fédéral de l'environnement, des transports, de l'énergie et des communications; Dipartimento federale dell'ambiente, dei trasporti, dell'energia e delle comunicazioni

  • Arthur Clément-Wolfram | Vice-President + Federal Department of Home Affairs

      Bundesdepartement des Innern, Département fédéral de l'intérieur, Dipartimento federale dell'interno

  • Angela Bergman-Rainer | Federal Department of Defence, Civil Protection and Sports

      Bundesdepartement für Verteidigung, Bevölkerungsschutz und Sport; Département fédéral de la défense, de la protection de la population et des sports; Dipartimento federale della difesa, della protezione della popolazione e dello sport

  • Albert Oppenheimer Witt | Federal Department of Economic Affairs, Education and Research

      Bundesdepartement für Wirtschaft, Bildung und Forschung; Département fédéral de l'économie, de la formation et de la recherche; Dipartimento federale dell'economia, della formazione e della ricerca

  • Serge Louis-Dreyfus | Federal Department of Foreign Affairs

      Bundesdepartement für auswärtige Angelegenheiten, Département fédéral des affaires étrangères, Dipartimento federale degli affari esteri

  • Claudio Luigi Fermi | Federal Department of Finance

      Bundesdepartement der Finanzen, Département fédéral des finances, Dipartimento federale delle finanze

  • Axel Mandel-Marx | Federal Department of Justice and Police

      Bundesdepartement für Justiz und Polizei, Département fédéral de justice et police, Dipartimento federale di giustizia e polizia

Bruno Busoni-Fellini | Federal Chancellor

    Bundeskanzlei, Chancellerie fédérale, Cancelleria federale

Legislature

The Council of States (Ständerat, Conseil des États, Consiglio degli Stati), the upper-house, and National Council (Nationalrat, Conseil national, Consiglio nazionale), the lower-house, comprise Alpenburg's Federal Assembly (Bundesversammlung, Assemblée fédérale, Assemblea federale), the Alpenburger parliament. The Federal Assembly meets in the Federal Palace (Bundeshaus, Palais fédéral, Palazzo federale) located in Bern, which also houses the Federal Council. Members of Federal Assembly serve four-year terms. A member of the Council of States is called a Councillor (Ständerat(-rätin), Conseiller(-ère) aux États, Consigliere(-a) agli stati), and a member of the National Council is called a National Councillor (Nationalrat(-rätin), Conseiller(-ère) national(e), Consigliere(-a) nazionale). The Congress of the Federal Assembly (the joint meeting, session or sitting of the two houses) elects federal judges, a General in time of war or national emergency, and the Federal Council. The Council of States is made up of Councillors (Ständeräte(-innen), Conseillers aux États, Consiglieri agli stati) elected by the citizens. Each Canton's populace elects two Councillors in a runoff (two-round) voting system, making the Council of States have 100 Councillors. The National Council is elected by Alpenburgers as their representatives or National Councillors (Nationalräte(-innen), Conseillers nationaux, Consiglieri nazionale) in a party-list proportional representation system. National Councillors represent each of Alpenburg's 50 cantons as a constituency. The number of deputies for each constituency depends on the canton's population, but each canton has at least one deputy Councillors, which are elected on a proportional basis. The National Council has 500 seats. The speaker of either house is called the President (Ständeratspräsident(in), Président(e) du Conseil Conseil des États, Presidente del Consiglio degli Stati for the Council of States and Nationalratspräsident(in), Président(e) du Conseil national, Presidente del Consiglio nazionale for the National Council). In debates, Councillors and National Councillors can choose any of the federal languages, usually the one they are most proficient with: German, French, or Italian.

Federal Assembly

100 Councillors of the Council of States

  • Wolfgang Nöther Funke | President

500 National Councillors of the National Council

  • Margarita Renault-Gilbert | President

Democracy

Direct democracy is a treasured value by the people or folk (Volk, peuple, popolo) that are the gregarious many (e.g., the social herds, flocks and swarms of humans) of the native tribes and migrant families of Alpenburg. In the bottom-up form of direct democracy, change is initiated by the people (in Latin plebs meaning "common people") themselves who want to consult, ratify, command and establish an act (in Latin scitum meaning "decision, decree"), hence the term plebiscite. Two forms of plebiscites exist on the federal level: referendum and initiative. Citizens can ask for an optional referendum (fakultatives Referendum, référendum facultatif, referendum facoltativo) to be held on any law voted by the Federal Assembly. A majority of the valid votes cast (simple majority) is sufficient to reject a referendum, i.e. for the contested legislation to be accepted and become law. Through referenda, citizens may challenge any law voted by the Federal Assembly. For any change in the constitution, a referendum is mandatory, i.e. a mandatory referendum (obligatorisches Referendum, référendum obligatoire, referendum obbligatorio). At the federal level, citizens can propose changes to the Federal Constitution (of one or more articles or paragraphs) in federal popular initiative (Volksinitiative, Initiative populaire, Iniziativa popolare). If the initiative is successful and is not subsequently retracted, the amendment to the Constitution will be put to the popular vote and needs to be approved by a majority of the electorate and the cantons (a "double majority") in order to be made. The Federal Council and the Federal Assembly may propose a direct counter-proposal to the initiative (usually a more moderate proposal), in the hope that the initiative committee will retract the original initiative and that the electorate and cantons will support the counter-proposal. If the initiative (or the direct counter-proposal) is approved at the ballot box, in most cases parliament then has to draw up legislation on the basis of the amended article or articles in the Constitution. All laws enacted, whether by Federal Assembly or plebiscite, in addition to weekly federal government reports are published in the Federal Gazette (Bundesblatt, Journal officiel fédéral, Gazzetta federale), the official journal of the federal government. The Federal Council promulgates laws (statutes and regulations) in the announcement of the Federal Gazette.

Judiciary

The highest court of judgement in Alpenburg is the Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht, Tribunal fédéral, Tribunale federale), with judges elected for six-year terms by the Federal Assembly. The chief presiding judge (Richter, juge, giudice) is called the president (Bundesgerichtspräsident(in), Président(e), Presidente); the present president is Mohammed Ali Daoudi. There are 24 federal judges (singular: Bundesrichter, juge fédéral, giudice federale; plural: Bundesrichteren, juges fédéraux, giudici federali). The function of the Federal Supreme Court is to hear appeals of cantonal courts or the administrative rulings of the federal administration. It consists of four courts, with the judges divided to a Public Law Court (Öffentlich-rechtliche Abteilung, Cour de droit public, Corte di diritto pubblico), Criminal Law Court (Strafrechtliche Abteilung, Cour de droit pénal, Corte di diritto penale), Civil Law Court (Zivilrechtliche Abteilung, Cour de droit civil, Corte di diritto civile), and Social Law Court (Sozialrechtliche Abteilung, Cour de droit social, Corte di diritto sociale). The Federal Supreme Court supervises the Federal Criminal Court (Bundesstrafgericht, Tribunal pénal fédéral, Tribunale penale federale), the Federal Administrative Court (Bundesverwaltungsgericht, Tribunal administratif fédéral, Tribunale amministrativo federale), and the Federal Patent Court (Bundespatentgericht, Tribunal fédéral des brevets, Tribunale federale dei brevetti).

Instead of the courts, the initiative and referendum system is where citizens may overturn and change laws or alternatively amend the Constitution. The court systems defends justice for all Alpenburgers, a fundamental constitutional principle. The legal system in Alpenburg is based on civil law, with influences from indigenous Atlantean tribes. Federal Law (Bundesrecht, Droit fédéral, Diritto federale) consists of a hierarchy of two parts:

  • International law (Internationales Recht, Droit international, Diritto internazionale)

  • Internal law (Landesrecht, Droit interne, Diritto interno)

International law includes treaties and Atlantean Union law such as the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the Atlantean Convention on Human Rights. Internal law includes the constitutional, civil, and criminal law. Collectively, the codified civil law is called the Alpenburger Civil Code (Alpenburgisches Zivilgesetzbuch, Code civil alpesbourgeois, Codice civile alpiborghese), whilst criminal law is codified in the Alpenburger Criminal Code (Alpenburgisches Strafgesetzbuch, Code pénal alpesbourgeois, Codice penale alpiborghese).

Link
A canton coat of arms.

Cantons

Alpenburg has 50 cantons. Each Canton (Kanton, canton, cantone) as a region has its own unicameral legislature called the Grand Council (Grosser Rat, Grand Conseil, Gran Consiglio) and executive body called the State Council (Staatsrat, Conseil d'État, Consiglio di Stato). A member of this council are called state councillors (Staatsrat(-rätin), Conseiller(-ère) d'État, Consigliere(-a) di Stato) who head a department (Department, Département, Dipartimento). Law enforcement in Alpenburg is the responsibility of the cantons, which each operate Cantonal Police (Kantonspolizei, Police cantonale, Polizia cantonale). The police are divided into three sections: criminal police (Kriminalpolizei, Sûreté, Polizia giudiziaria), security police (Schutzpolizei, Gendarmerie, Gendarmeria), and highway patrol (Verkehrspolizei, Police de la route, Polizia stradale). Coordination between Cantonal Police is the responsibility of the Federal Police (Bundespolizei, Police fédérale, Polizia federale) of the Federal Police Office (Bundesamt für Polizei, Office fédéral de la police, Ufficio federale di polizia) in the Federal Department of Justice and Police. Jacques Clouseau is the Chief of the Police (Polizeipräsident, Préfet de police, Capo della Polizia). Cantons are also divided into geographic and cultural areas; for example, cities are the secondary geopolitical unit.

Cities

A city is a municipality (municipal corporation with the canton granting a charter of rights and privileges) such as a village or community (Dorf, commune, comune), or a town (Stadt, ville, città) if its population is over 10,000 inhabitants. The legislature of a city is called a City Council (Stadtrat, Conseil communal, Consiglio Comunale). The executive of a city is called the Municipal Council (Gemeinderat, Conseil municipal, Consiglio Municipale), whose president or magistrate is called the mayor (Stadtpräsident(in), Maire(sse), Sindaco(-a)). This forms the municipality (Gemeinde, municipalité, municipio). A members of this council is called a municipal councillor (Gemeinderat(-rätin), Conseiller(-ère) municipal(e), Consigliere(-a) Municipale) who head a department. A city hall is the seat of municipal government (Stadthaus/Rathaus, Hôtel de ville, Municipio). A subdivision of a city is called a district (Stadtteil, Quartier, Quartiere). Although Bern is the de facto capital (called the Bundesstadt, Ville fédérale, Città federale or federal city), as it is the seat of the executive and legislature, Alpenburg has no de jure capital city. The seat of the judiciary is in Lausanne. The largest municipalities of Alpenburg, ranked in descending order of population according to the Federal Statistical Office (Bundesamt für Statistik, Office fédéral de la statistique, Ufficio federale di statistica), are:

  1. Milan (Mailand, Milan, Milano),

  2. Munich (München, Munich, Monaco),

  3. Geneva (Genf, Genève, Ginevra),

  4. Turin (Turin, Turin, Torino),

  5. Lyon (Leyden, Lyon, Lione),

  6. Emilia (Emilia, Émilie, Emilia),

  7. Basil (Basel, Bâle, Basilea),

  8. Adrianople (Adrianopel, Hadrienople, Adrianopoli),

  9. Lausanne (Lausanne, Lausanne, Losanna),

  10. Bern (Bern, Berne, Berna).

The etymology (toponyms and demonyms, i.e. the names of places and peoples) of these seven largest cities are outlined below. Toponymy contains history whose properties clarify social contexts of cultural and political narratives. Note that demonyms in German, French, and Italian are gendered, with the forms of suffixation indicated in parentheses.

  • Milan: One theory holds that the Latin name Mediolanum comes from the Latin words medio (in the middle) and planus (plain), which refers to its location on the Po Plain (Po-Ebene, Plaine du Pô, Pianura Padana). However, some scholars believe that lanum comes from the Celtic root lan, meaning an enclosure or demarcated territory (cognate to English/German Land) in which Celtic communities used to build shrines and sanctuaries. Hence Mediolanum could signify the central town or temple of a Celtic tribe or clan. The demonyms of Milan are: in German Mailänder(in) (singular) and Mailänder(innen) (plural), in French Milanais(e) (singular) and Milanais(es) (plural), and in Italian Milanese (singular) and Milanesi (plural).

  • Munich: The name developed from the High German Munichen, meaning "by the monks" for the monastery that was established, into the Latin Monacum, from the Greek monakhós (μοναχός) meaning "solitary". After a religious reformation in Palmaism that in ressentiment reported a paradisiac utopia of pacific progress and Atlantean abundance called Cocaigne, monasteries developed into schools and collectives (communes), which further developed into communities and cooperatives. This cloud cuckoo land of the Cockneys, a wish or dream of indulgence in temptation and corporal satiety in the luxury of hedonist, sensual and voluptuous pleasure that is free of famine in its flow of milk and honey, is a fantastic, imaginary and nebulous Wolkenkuckucksheim of the bon vivant ("good life" of the "joy of living") and optimism without pessimism. The demonyms of Munich are: in German Münchener(in) (singular) and Münchener(innen) (plural), in French Munichois(e) (singular) and Munichois(es) (plural), and in Italian Monacense (singular) and Monacensi (plural).

    Link
    A magnolia (from the Latin magnus) in full-bloom in Montreux (Muchtern; toponymy:
    monasteriolu a diminutive of the Latin monasterium meaning hermitage, monastery
    or nunnery; demonym: Montreusien(ne)), a city located on eastern shores of Lake Geneva.

  • Geneva: The city was mentioned in Latin texts with the spelling Genava, probably from the Celtic *genawa- ("estuary, mouth") from the stem *genu- ("bend, knee"), in the sense of a bending river. The city is situated where the Rhone exits the western shores of Lake Geneva. The demonyms of Geneva are: in German Genfer(in) (singular) and Genfer(innen) (plural), in French Genevois(e) (singular) and Genevois(es) (plural), and in Italian Ginevrino(-a) (singular) and Ginevrini(-e) (plural).

  • Turin: To the Taurini, an alpine Celtic people who occupied the upper valley of the Po River in the centre of the Piedmont (Piemont, Piémont, Piemonte; medieval Latin Pedemontium or Pedemontis, i.e., ad pedem montium, meaning "at the foot of the mountains") region, the bull (Latin taurus) were Linksacred (see the also horned ram or wether, in Latin aries said to be the origin of the fleece (that pastoralists shear as the origin of the authentic wool of royal and marine purple, or solar and imperial gold, pursued by the mythical Argonauts). Both possessed a savage and robust mass, and a potent and decisive capacity. The name of the Taurini originates from the sense of "mountain", "tower" or "origin" from Greek. Alternatively, it could from the Celtic taruos for "bull" or dubra for "profound water". The chief town was established as Taurasia but mutated into Augusta Taurinorum ("Venerable of the Taurini"). The Latin vitulus, meaning bovine "beef" or "veal" and a young bull or calf, is believed to the origin of the name "Italy". The demonyms of Turin are: in German Turiner(in) (singular) and Turiner(innen) (plural), in French Turinois(e) (singular) and Turinois(es) (plural), and in Italian Torinese (singular) and Torinesi (plural).

  • Lyon: Located on the Rhone, the city was originally named Lugdunum in Latin from *Lug[u]dūnon or "hill-fort of LinkLugus", a Celtic hero, warrior and god associated with light. As hill-towns ortified by terraces, palisades and bulwarks, hill-forts are a type of mound (Erdhügel, monticule, monticello), barrow (Grabhügel, tumulus, tumulo), and earthwork (Erdwerk, terrassement, terrapieno). The mythological cycle of the demigod Cú Chulainn, the son and avatar (Sanskrit for celestial descent or allegorical appearance as in "away", illumination, materialisation, incarnation or personification) of LinkLugus (Lugh), is similar to other Atlantean legendary heroes in mythic narrative, Apollonian physical value of sláinte (health and sound), and ambiphilic sexuality (e.g., the gestures of prowess and love with his lief Fer Diad). In a separate historical cycle recorded in poem and recited in song by bards, another warrior hero (Held, héros, eroe), Fionn mac Cumhaill (translated to English as Finn Mac Cool) is the leader called a (king or rix) of a band of warriors called a fiann. These heroic bands were composed of aristocratic young men and women, and their loyal hounds (a breed or race of domesticated canine or "good", beneficial and notable for humans), who had not yet inherited land. The teacher of the band was a druid (from the Gaulish druí from literally meaning "(oak) tree-knower" symbolic of sacred, divine, august and auspicious strength or bríg), or a sophistic magus who held a similar religious status to the bard (meaning "poet, cantor"), akin to a priest of the Palmaist religion. Because of the similarity of the name, the lion is a symbol of the city. The demonyms of Lyon are: in German Leydener(in) (singular) and Leydener(innen) (plural), in French Lyonnais(e) (singular) and Lyonnais(es) (plural), and in Italian Lionese (singular) and Lionesi (plural).

  • Emilia: The city is located in the Po Plain. It was named Aemilia in Latin from the Latin word aemulus meaning "emulating" or "rivalling". The city is located in the Reggio (from Latin regium meaning "royal") canton, and neighbours the city of Parma (from the Latin name for circular shield, itself from palma the Latin for "palm of the hand" or "palm tree"), which is famous for Parmigiano-Reggiano cheese. The early Alpenburger Directory and Palm Empire vied for control and occupation of the Reggio canton. The Palman imperium viewed the ample curtain of the Alps relative to the its hegemony of the Rose Sea, referring to the citerior and ulterior Alps as Cisalpine (Cisalpina) and Transalpine (Transalpina), respectively. The demonyms of Emilia are: in German Emilianer(in) (singular) and Emilianer(innen) (plural), in French Émilien(e) (singular) and Émilien(es) (plural), and in Italian Emiliano(-a) (singular) and Emiliani(-e) (plural).

  • Basil: The town, located on the Rhine, was named Basilea from the Greek word Basileia (Βασιλεια) meaning "kingship". The tribal kingdoms (königreiches, royaumes, regni) of the Alps were superseded in the formation of cantons during the republican federation called the Directory. The etymology of "canton" is from Gallo-Romance chant meaning "corner" or "edge", ultimately from the Latin canthus or "rim, belt", itself from the Gaulish Proto-Celtic *kantos or "corner, rim". The demonyms of Basil are: in German Basler(in) (singular) and Basler(innen) (plural), in French Bâlois(e) (singular) and Bâlois(es) (plural), and in Italian Basilese (singular) and Basilesi (plural).

  • Adrianople: The name of the city is from ancient Greek Adrianoúpolis (Ἀδριανούπολις), ultimately from Latin Hadrianopolis. It was named after Palman emperor Hadrian. The demonyms of Adrianople are: in German Adrianopolitaner(in) (singular) and Adrianopolitaner(innen) (plural), in French Hadrienopolitain(e) (singular) and Hadrienopolitain(es) (plural), and in Italian Adrianopolitano(-a) (singular) and Adrianopolitani(-e) (plural).

  • Lausanne: The Alpine people built a military camp, which they called Lousanna (from the Celtic lausa meaning "stone slab" and the suffix -onna meaning "watercourse"), at the site (Standort, site, sita) of a settlement (Siedlung, peuplement, insediamento) on the Lake Geneva (Genfersee, Lac Léman, Lago Lemano). The city's names became lacu Lausonio, civitas Lausanna and then Losanna. The first recorded Latin name of the lake is Lacus Lemannus; Lemannus comes from ancient Greek Limenos Limne (Λιμένος Λίμνη) meaning "port's lake". The name later became lacus Lausonius in Latin and then the Lac de Lausanne in French. Following the rise of Geneva it became Lac de Genève (translated into English as Lake Geneva). In the 115th century, Lac Léman was revived in French and is the customary name in that language. The city is located in the canton of Vaud (Waadt, Vaud, Vado), which is also where Montreux is located. The origin of the name Vaud is from the German Wald for "forest, wood". The demonyms of Lausanne are: in German Lausanner(in) (singular) and Lausanner(innen) (plural), in French Lausannois(e) (singular) and Lausannois(es) (plural), and in Italian Losannese (singular) and Losannesi (plural).

  • Bern: According to the local legend, based on folk etymology, the founder of the city of Bern vowed to name the city after the first animal he met on the hunt, and this turned out to be a bear (in German, Bär). It has long been considered probable that the city was named after Verona (derived from a Gallic Gaulish personal name), the setting of William Shakespeare's play Romeo and Juliet (known for its acute mounts or pinnacle plumes and caps or heads) that at the time was known as Bern in German. It is now more common to assume that the city was named after a pre-existing toponym of Celtic origin, possibly *berna ("cleft"). The demonyms of Bern are: in German Berner(in) (singular) and Berner(innen) (plural), in French Bernois(e) (singular) and Bernois(es) (plural), and in Italian Bernese (singular) and Bernesi (plural).

Geography

Alpenburg is a mountainous, alpine nation with a foundation of Atlantean ideals that form the luminiferous aether of culture. Mostly hilly with fertile meadows and valleys cut by rivers and streams, Alpenburg is a picturesque and ecologically diverse nation. Due to the environmental beauty and weather of its landscapes, Alpenburg's breathtaking vistas are rivalled by no nation. To protect these ecosystems environmental policy is in place. Alpenburg received a Ransium's "Greenness Index" score (rounded to the nearest ten thousandth decimal place) of 0.1665. The climate (LinkKöppen classification) is generally humid continental (Dfb), humid subtropical (Cfa), and oceanic (Cfb), with areas of that are subarctic (Dfc) and tundra (ET).

Political & Economic Geography

Landlocked, Alpenburg borders the near-entirety of the interior of Palma Riviera. Completely surrounded by Nova-Lox to the north, which stretches from the Atlantic (Atlantik, Atlantique, Atlantico) to Pacific (Pazifik, Pacifique, Pacifico) in the north of Atlantis, and by Aleixandria to the west and adjacent Palma Riviera, with its long Pacific Ocean coast, to the south, Alpenburg has no access to the sea. The nearest its limit, i.e. frontier, ridge or rim (Rand, frontière, frontiera), gets to the Pacific Ocean's Rose Sea is at the eastern interior of San Francesco Bay where the Maritime Alps (Meeralpen, Alpes Maritimes, Alpi Marittime) of the westernmost region of Alpenburg descend from the Alps and meet Palma Riviera. Here at the Rose Sea, Aleixandria and Palma Riviera's city-state San Francesco meet and surrounds the entire Bay. The pasturable farmland of the Alps is higher in elevation than its arable farmland in river plains. At the southernmost region of Atlantis along the Atlantic Ocean, the southernmost region of Alpenburg is entirely contained by the natural geological border created by the Alps with the easternmost region of Palma Riviera and the farthest southwestern region of Nova-Lox. Between these tri-nation and bi-nation borders, the rest and majority of southern Alpenburg straddles the interior countryside of Palma Riviera while northern Alpenburg is crowned west-to-east by the Novan provinces of Nova Scotia and Nova Francia. Eastern Alpenburg borders the Novan provinces of Nova Anglia and Nova Belgica, north-to-south. Western Alpenburg borders Aleixandria and Palma Riviera.

The continent of Atlantis formed from the rifting and break-up of LinkPangaea, and the consequential closing of the Tethys Ocean (after the Titan pair) and opening of the World Ocean (divided into the Pacific and Atlantic, to name two of the largest). The Earth is composed of the interacting biosphere (all terrestrial life, with the ecosphere being the sum of ecosystems), lithosphere (the crust and upper mantle that belongs with the latter two spheres to the geosphere), atmosphere (the gases of the troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere, thermosphere, ionosphere, and exosphere), hydrosphere (the comprised water of the planet), and pedosphere (the soil interface of the former four spheres). This is globally complex compared to the sky (Earth's air), ocean (Earth's water), ground (Earth's terrestrial surface), and underground (Earth's subterranean) model. The Alps extend from the northwest to southeast creating the LinkContinental Water Divide (Kontinentale Wasserscheide, Ligne continentale de partage des eaux, Spartiacque continentale) that is shaped like a "reflected, inverse sigmoid curve". This drainage divide forms the drainage basins that feed into the Atlantic (spanning north to east) and the Pacific (spanning west to south) on either side. The continent of Atlantis does not contain endorheic basins that do not drain to the Ocean. Even if Alpenburg did have access to the sea in either of these cases, the extreme and impassable terrain of the Alps make reaching the sea very costly, thus preventing ports from being constructed by Nova-Lox or Palma Riviera. With no major port, the goods produced in Alpenburg are transported by rail to ports within the Atlantean Union (AU) for export worldwide. In particular, commerce flows through the city-state of San Francesco, the commercial confluence of the other three AU member nations. The rivers Po and Rhine also facilitate commerce to cities in Alpenburg, with Palma Riviera and Nova-Lox, respectively. Therefore, the existence of Alpenburg depends on import and export commerce (Handel, commerce, commercio) with the bankers, markets, merchants or chapmen (Kaufmänner, marchands, mercanti) of its Atlantean neighbours. The closeness in proximity and complimentary though different cultures makes Alpenburg and Palma Riviera ideal trading partners. Alpenburg in comparison is more industrialised with a large banking, manufacturing industry and agriculture industry while Palma Riviera relies on tourism, and smaller agricultural and manufacturing industries. As part of the AU, Alpenburg is reachable by the pan-Atlantean rail network.

Alps

The name of Alpenburg, which has been translated to French as Alpesbourg and to Italian as Alpiborgo, comes from the German Alpen meaning the LinkAlps and Burg, synonymous to fortified city (bourg, borgo), and analogous to a castle (Schloss, château, castello) of comfort and enforcement. A "friborg" (Fr(e)iburg, fribourg, friborgo) or "free borough" in the Alpine political history indicates a town fortified and incorporated as a "free city" (freie Städte, ville libre, città libera) with the autonomy of an Anadolian city-state (Stadtstaat, cité-État, città-Stato). The incorporation of a community as a municipality is an alternative to annexation. Renowned for its Alpenburger Alps (Alpenburger Alpen, Alpes alpesbourgeois, Alpi alpiborghese) mountain range (Gebirge, chaîne de montagnes, catena montuosa), Alpenburg's highest peak (elevation 4,808.7 m) is Mont Blanc (French for "white peak", or in German Weisshorn and in Italian Monte Bianco. The second highest peak is Monte Rosa (Italian for "pink peak", although a false cognate of a local dialect's word for "glacier", or in German Rosahorn and in French Mont Rose) at an elevation of 4,634 m. The third highest peak is Matterhorn (German for "alpine meadow peak", or in French Mont Alpage and in Italian Monte Alpeggio) has an elevation of 4,478 m, with its adjacent high mountain pass, of the the Mattertal region (German for "alpine meadow valley", or in French Vallée d'alpage and in Italian Valle d'alpeggio). Like the raptor (predatory shikra from the Persian شِـكار meaning "chaser" including the vulture falcon, hawk, owl, and osprey), the eagle or erne (Aar / Adler, aigle, aquila) is an avian symbol of liberty that dominates the high alpine skies.

The highest portion of the Alps range is divided by the glacial trough of the Rhone valley, from Mont Blanc to the Matterhorn and Monte Rosa of the Pennine Alps (Walliser Alpen, Alpes valaisannes, Alpi Pennine) on the southern side, and the Bernese Alps (Berner Alpen, Alpes bernoises, Alpi bernesi) on the northern. The Alps extend into northwestern Nova Scotia, Nova-Lox, north and east of the Cascade Range. The Sierra Serena in Aleixandria and Maritime Alps in Palma Riviera are subranges of the Alps. The English word Alps derives from the Latin Alpes, a term common to Italo-Celtic, in which the Celtic languages have terms for high mountains derived from alp. The Latin Alpes could be derived from a pre-Indo-European word *alb meaning "hill", the Latin albus meaning "white", the Gaulish *albio meaning "(luminous) world, high mountain", or the Germanic *albiz meaning "elf, a mythical fairy and luminous spirit of nature". Fairies, as elfin faeries called aos sí or aes sídhe, in Celtic myth live in tumuli (mounds or forts), fungal rings (arcs or circles), woods, lakes, or hawthorns. The term alp, alm, or alpe refers to elevated pastures (Weiden, prés, prati) of plenitude for grazing cows, sheep and goats in the alpine regions below the glaciers, not the vertices. The glaciers are frigid with the only visible life "mice" (Mäuse, souris, topi), or balls of moss (lichen, alga and fungus) on the surface of the ice that are accumulations of detritus (powder, debris and gravel) and are habitats to the water bear (a tardigradous micro-animal). The ibex (Gämse, chamois, camoscio), an alpine caprid bovid, is wild (feral, endemic and native) to the mountains where it ruminates as a strong "stone buck", with pacific eyes, potent horns, suave wool and flexible leather. The term for the mountain apices (cuspids or acmes) varies by language (in German, French, and Italian) but include words such as: Mount (Berg/Stock, Mont, Monte), Summit/Cyme (Gipfel, Cime, Cima), Peak/Point/Spit (Spitze, Pointe/Pic, Pizzo), Needle (Nadel, Aiguille, Ago), Corn (Horn, Corne, Corno), Tower (Turm, Tour, Torre), Head/Cop (Kopf, Tête, Test), Ridge/Crest (Grat, Crêt, Cresta), Glacier (Gletscher, Firn/Glacier, Ghiacciaio), Valley/Dale (Tal, Val/Vallée, Valle/Val), and Pass (Joch/Pass, Col/Pas, Passo/Colle).

Hydrology

Alpenburg is geographically divided between the Alps to the south, the Alpenburg Plateau (Alpenburger Mittelland, plateau alpesbourgeois, altopiano alpiborghese) at the centre, and the Jura Mountains (Juragebirge, Massif du Jura, Massiccio del Giura) to the west. The Jura separates the Rhine and Rhone basins, and thus their watersheds. The Alpenburg Plateau lies between the Alps, the high mountain range that located in the central-southern portion of the country, and the Jura Mountains. The name "Jura" is derived from juria, a Latinised form of a Celtic stem jor- "forest". The Alps are divided into Western Alps and Eastern Alps, along a line between Lake Constance and Lake Corn, following the Rhine valley. The Western Alps are generally higher than the Eastern Alps. Clear alpine and glacial lakes dot the country. Several are the largest bodies of freshwater in Atlantis. Some are fjord lakes (like Lakes Okanagan and Chelan in the Cascade Range), which are freshwater lakes of glacial valleys. In order of area, these include:

  1. Lake Geneva (Genfersee, Lac Léman, Lago Lemano),

  2. Lake Constance (Bodensee, Lac de Constance, Lago di Costanza),

  3. Lake Warden (Wartensee, Lac de Garde, Lago di Guardia),

  4. Lake Newcastle (Neuenburgersee, Lac de Neuchâtel, Lago di Neocastello),

  5. Lake Major (Langensee, Lac Majeur, Lago Maggiore),

  6. Lake Corn (Hornersee, Lac de Corne, Lago di Corno),

  7. Lake Lucerne (Foifwaldstättersee, Lac des Cinq-Cantons, Lago dei Cinque Cantoni),

  8. Lake Munich (Münchensee, Lac de Munich, Lago di Monaco), and

  9. Lake Lugan (Luganersee, Lac de Lug, Lago di Lugano).

All these lakes are found in the three major river (Fluss, fleuve, fiume) basins of Alpenburg; ordered by length, these are:

  1. Rhine (Rhein, Rhin, Reno),

  2. Rhone (Rhone, Rhône, Rodano), and

  3. Po (Po, Pô, Po).

The name of the Rhine comes from the Gaulish name Rēnos, from the Proto-Celtic or pre-Celtic *Reinos, which belongs to a class of river names built from the Proto-Indo-European root *rei- "to move, flow, run". This was adapted into Greek Ῥῆνος (Rhēnos) and then as Latin Rhenus. Similarly, the name of the Rhone comes from the Latin Rhodanus, itself from the Greek Rhodanós (Ῥοδανός). The Gaulish name of the river was *Rodonos or *Rotonos, itself from a Proto-Indo-European root *ret- meaning "to run, roll" frequently found in river names. The name of the Po originates from a contraction of the Latin Padus from the Greek Pádos (Πάδος). This name is a mutation of the local name Bodincus (containing the Proto-Indo-European root *bod- or *bhu(n)d(h)- "bottom") meaning "bottomless". The Rhine, Rhone, and Po are Alpenburg's water gateways to the sea. In the high valleys of the Alps, glaciers form the headwaters of the Rhine, Rhone, and Po. For example, the Mount White Water (Weißwasserstock, Mont Eau Blanche, Monte Aqua Bianca) is the Linktriple drainage basin or watershed (Wasserscheide, bassin versant, bacino idrografico) of the Rhine, Rhone, and Po (starting as the Reuss, Rhine, and Ticino, respectively).

Lake Constance, which is split into two sections (Obersee, lac supérieur) and (Untersee, lac inférieur), is the second largest lake and is an intermediate step of the Rhine, whose mouth is the Atlantic Ocean (Atlantischer Ozean, Océan Atlantique, Oceano Atlantico) in Nova-Lox's city of Loxerdam. The Rhine in Alpenburg includes the Alpine (Alpenrhein, Rhin alpin, Reno alpino), High (Hochrhein, Haut-Rhin, Alto Reno), and Upper (Oberrhein, Rhin supérieur, Reno superiore) Rhine, with the Middle Rhine (Mittelrhein, Rhin moyen, Medio Reno) within Nova-Lox's Nova Francia, and the Lower Rhine (Niederrhein, Rhin inférieur, Reno inferiore) consisting of the Low Rhine (Niedrigrhein, Bas-Rhin, Basso Reno) and Rhine Delta (Deltarhein, Delta du Rhin, Delta del Reno) within Nova-Lox's Nova Belgica. The river Aar (from either "arm, brace" or "erne, eagle") is tributary (affluent) of the Rhine, whereas the Reuss (from either "ruse" or giant "orle") flowing from Lake Lucerne (meaning "alfalfa" and "lantern, lamp, lucent" similar to Lugan, which originates from "bright and sacred wood" or the Celtic deity Lugus, of "leode, people" at five cantons, forested sites or "wood steads" that federated as allies), Lindmat and Sega (from either Celtic seg or Germanic sig for "force, victory") are tributaries of the Aar. The Lin flows into Lake Munich, which outflows as the Lindmat (both river names from the Celtic lin for "liquid, lithe" and mag for "plain, field"). The city of Munich is located on the shore of Lake Munich, which is divided into upstream and downstream sections Upper Lake (Obersee) and Lower Lake (Untersee)

The Rhone, which flows along with the Po into the Pacific Ocean's (Pazifischer Ozean, Océan Pacifique, Oceano Pacifico) Rose Sea (Rosensee, Mer Rose, Mare Rosa), is both the main source and outflow of Lake Geneva, the largest lake. The Palman city of Málaga is at the Rhone delta. At the mouth of the Po is Orpheus Bay (Bucht von Orpheus, Baie d'Orphée, Baia di Orfeo). The Po flows through the two major cities of Turin and Milan. The Ticino (Tessin, Ticino), flowing through Lake Major, and the Abba (from the Celtic ab for "river"), flowing through Lake Corn, are tributary rivers of the Po. The Navigli system of artificial canals (Kanäle, canaux, canali) designed by LinkLeonardo da Vinci joined Milan to these rivers (water courses), providing irrigation and port access to the Rose Sea via the Po. Lake Warden is also a tributary of the Po, with its Island of the Sun (Sonneninsel, Île du Soleil, Isola del Sole) a popular tourist destination referenced in Dante Alighieri's LinkDivina commedia: Inferno (LinkCanto XX, lines 61-81). The river Eno (from a Celtic word for "water" or the Greek αἶνος or aînos meaning "laud, plaudit, fable, eulogy, narrative, history, tale" that is related to Aeneas and enigma, it is known for its vivid and impetuous ire in its common, public, municipal, or munificence function, obligation, donation, service and favour) is a tributary of the Atlas River in Nova-Lox.

Economy

Alpenburg is a very highly developed nation (HDI: 0.9516) with low income inequality (Gini: 15.40). The central bank is the National Bank of Alpenburg (Alpenburgische Nationalbank, Banque nationale alpesbourgeois, Banca nazionale alpiborghese). The present chair (Präsident, Président(e), Presidente) is Amalia Armand Flick. The Alpenburger franc (Alpenburger Franken, Franc(s) alpesbourgeois, Franco(-hi) alpiborghese; abbreviated ₣, Fr, or APF) is the official currency. A hundredth of a franc (meaning "free" in French) is a "penny" or pfennig (Pf.) in German, centime(s) (c.) in French, and centesimo(-i) (ct.) in Italian. Presently it is used, and has been for many decades, as a reserve currency in the AU and Linkworld-around due to its stability and imparted value from scarcity. As result, banking and finance are major industries. The largest private bank in Alpenburg is UBA ABG (Union Bank of Alpenburg, or in French Union de Banques Alpesbourgeois S.A. or in Italian Unione di Banche Alpiborghesi S.A.; the vertical acronym ABG refers to the name of the bank in German Alpenburgische Bankgesellschaft AG). UBA ABG owns the insurance company General Assurance (Allgemeine Versicherung AG, Assurances Générales S.A., Assicurazioni Generali S.A.), which provides risk management policies. The only virtual marketplace (Marktplatz, place du marché, palazzo del mercato), as in a commercial exchange or interchange ("truck"), of securities (Wertpapiere, valeurs, valori) and commodities (Waren, matières premières, materie prime) in Alpenburg is the Alpenburg Exchange (Alpenburger Börse, Bourse Alpesbourgeois, Borsa Alpiborghese) in Milan. Alpenburg's history of internationalism and stability allowed it to become notable in financial and luxury goods and services, with its banking and hotelier (e.g., the grand hotels and chalets of ski resort villages in the Alps) industries. Today, however with its reputation for engineering precision, the manufacture of automobiles, airplanes, locomotives, specialist chemicals, health and pharmaceutical goods, scientific and precision measuring instruments (e.g., timepieces and glass) and musical instruments (e.g., pianos), and services like design, tourism, information and communications technology and banking comprise most of the economy.

Otherwise, with its Alpine agricultural tradition of viticulture and dairy, Alpenburg is world-famous for its agronomy, botany and cheese (Käse, fromage, formaggio). Cheese is formed, after separating the serum in decantation, by coagulation of the milk (Milch, lait, latte) protein casein. The most famous product of Alpenburger vineyards is the effervescent (fizzing and foaming because it contains dissolved carbon dioxide) wine called Champagne. Monastic priests in missions, who preferred the introversion of being alone and solitary, developed the wine (Wein, vin, vino) by fermenting cultivated grapes (Trauben, raisins, uve). Its appellation and denomination is the French cognate to the Italian campagna that originates from the Latin word campania meaning "country, land". The Po Plain is known for its rice and wheat production. Alpenburg is also famous for its chocolate (Schokolade, chocolat, cioccolato), with Rosenthal GmbH (based in Munich, after a family name meaning "rose valley", and famously traded in San Francesco) being the most famous chocolaterie and confectioner. Candy (sweet confections of sugar) from chocolate liquor (solid powder and butter) include bars, chips (morsels, pieces, fragments, fiches and micae that are bits not to be confused with an integrated circuit, fried crisps or binary digits), balls (ganache, meaning the maxillary mandible of the cheek, in the form of a truffle), beverages (warm chocolate milk, water or with espresso) and cakes (baked breads, cookies or biscuits) as desserts. Chocolate lays (leases) a sweet taste in the mouth (oral sensation or buccal gustation). A famous confection is the empress torte, which consists of an alternation of strata of airy sponge cake, pastry cream, jelly or pectic marmalade of brambleberries, and a dome of beaten (flagellated) cream that is covered with marzipan, powdered sugar, and a marzipan rose. Ginger cookies are common biscuits with spices, as well as malt biscuits. Liquorice confections (of glycyrrhiza) are popular, with its sapor (flavour) reinforced by anise. Additionally in the area of cuisine, Alpenburg is known for its coffee (Kaffee, café, caffè), with Alpini S.r.l. (based in Turin) as one of the world's largest manufacturers of coffee products, in particular espresso (literally the Italian past participle of "express" as in "press, print, thrutch out") and coffee machines, and samovars (compare to Nova-Lox's history of tea and spice importation as well as retail with Selvan & Sorabji Co. based in New London, with its product marks in many coffee and tea houses). The food company Molinari S.r.l. (based in Milan) produces pasta, flour, and bakery products. The products of these producers are sold by the retail and wholesale consumer cooperative Coop (Coop Genossenschaft, Coop société coopérative, Coop società cooperativa) based in San Francesco.

Public Services

+++ABB CFF FFA
The emblem of the ABB CFF FFA.

The Federation provides public services as federal agencies and state-owned enterprises. These corporations (bodies corporate) are not motivated by profit. Funding of public education and authority of state, at the primary and secondary level, is delegated to the cantons. Tertiary education is maintained at the federal and cantonal level. The University of Milan (Universität Mailand, Université de Milan, Università di Milano), with its renowned design school, and Federal Polytechnic University (Bundes Polytechnische Schule, École polytechnique fédérale, Scuola politecnica federale) in Geneva, although more commonly referred to as EPF (colloquially called das Polytechnikum, le Poly, il Politecnico), both rank highly as Atlantean universities. The largest employer in Alpenburg is Alp Post (Die Alpenburgische Post AG, La Poste Alpesbourgeois S.A., La Posta Alpiborghese S.A.). Split from Alp Post, Alptel (Alpenburgische Telekom AG, Télécom Alpesbourgeois S.A., Telecom Alpiborghese S.A.) is the third largest telecommunications company in Atlantis (after Novan Telecom and the leading Telecom Rosa). The national public television and radio broadcasting corporation is ARG SAR (Alpenburgische Radio- und Fernsehgesellschaft, Société Alpesbourgeois de radiodiffusion et télévision, Società Alpiborghese di radiotelevisione). For each national language is a separate broadcasting corporation: a German-language company ARF (Alpenburgische Radio und Fernsehen), a French-language company RTA (Radio télévision Alpesbourgeois), and an Italian-language company RAI (Radiotelevisione Alpiborghese di italiano). The federal railway (Bundesbahn, chemins de fer fédéraux, ferrovia federale), airway (Bundesluftstraße, voie aérienne fédérale, aerovia federale), and motorway (Bundesautobahn, autoroute fédérale, autostrada federale) networks unites the cantons and municipalities, economically connecting the countryside and cities through international and transcontinental transport. The Alpenburg Federal Railways, ABB CFF FFA (Alpenburger Bundesbahnen, Chemins de fer fédéraux, Ferrovie federali Alpiborghesi), rail network is one of the best in the AU.

Solidarity

In keeping with the principle of solidarity, a high percentage of the workforce in the industry of Alpenburg is unionised. The employer (Arbeitgeber, employeur, datore di lavoro) and worker (Arbeiter, ouvrier/travailleur, operaio) or employee (Arbeitnehmer, employé, lavoratore subordinato/dipendente) negotiate the terms to regulating the workplace among themselves as partners, rather than the terms being imposed by law. A general labour agreements is made at the national level by a national trade union or syndicate (Gewerkschaft, syndicat, sindacato) and a national employer association (Arbeitgeberverband, organisation patronale, organizzazione di datori di lavoro). The local plant and firm then meets with a works council (Betriebsrat, comité d'entreprise, comitato aziendale) to adjust the national agreement to local circumstances. Works councils, as elected "shop-floor" organisations representing workers, elect representatives to a firm's board of directors (Verwaltungsrat, conseil d’administration, consiglio di amministrazione) alongside shareholders and increase the collective-bargaining power of workers, thereby increasing wages, improving working conditions, and increasing productivity, whilst not inhibiting investment or innovation. Shareholders (Aktionäre, actionnaires, azionisti), as legal persons, own shares (Aktien, actions, azioni), i.e. a negotiation or action, as in "deal, handle, truck, barter, trade" (Teil / Anteil, part / portion, parte / porzione), of the capital stock in proportion to corporate ownership of the (public or private) limited liability company. A two-tier board of directors system exists in Alpenburg, consisting of a supervisory board (Aufsichtsrat, conseil de surveillance, consiglio di sorveglianza) elected by the shareholders and works council, and a management board (Vorstand, directoire, consiglio di gestione) elected by the supervisory board that serves as the executive board. A chair (Aufsichtsratsvorsitzender, président, presidente), a position originating from the Latin cathedra that signifies a principal office, is elected by the supervisory board. A managing director (Vorstandsvorsitzender, directeur général, direttore generale) is elected by the management board.

Foreign Affairs

The Alpenburg Federal Constitution declares the preservation of Alpenburg's independence and welfare as the supreme objective of Alpenburger foreign policy. Below this overarching goal, the Federal Constitution sets five specific foreign policy objectives, tasked to the Federal Department of Foreign Affairs:

  1. further the peaceful coexistence of nations;

  2. promote respect for human rights, democracy, and the rule of law;

  3. promote economic interests and affairs abroad;

  4. alleviate need and poverty in the world;

  5. promote preservation of natural resources.

These objectives reflect the Alpenburger moral obligation to undertake social, economic, and humanitarian activities that contribute to world peace and prosperity. This is manifested by Alpenburger bilateral and multilateral diplomatic activity, assistance to developing countries, and support for the extension of international law, particularly humanitarian law. Moral good is an alignment of universal honour, virtue, justice, benevolence, mercy, humanity, liberty, equality, solidarity, utility, integrity, honesty, sincerity, responsibility, and equity. Legality is a loyal tradition and normal expectation of society, conformity, fidelity, stability, security, authority and neutrality that achieves obedient control and ascendent order in practise of potent limitation, restriction, regulation, obligation, protection, preservation and conservation. In contrast to this communal harmony in moderation is personal autonomy as an existence in stimulation, excitation, direction, ambition, variation, creation, cognition and action. It is a motivation of inquisitive curiosity that esteems and values pleasure, change, transparency and mastery. This is a duality of inferior submission and superior domination, united in social and political dependence.

Military Defence

Alpenburg has a long history of armed neutrality—it has not been in a state of war (Krieg, guerre, guerra) internationally since 11515 HE. Matters of defence for the federation fall into the sole responsibility of the federal government. The Alpenburger Armed Forces (Alpenburgische Streitkräfte, Armée alpesbourgeois, Esercito alpiborghese) are restricted to self-defence and peace-keeping purposes (if agreed with international organisations). The Armed Forces consists of the Alpenburger Air Force (Alpenburgische Luftwaffe, Forces aériennes alpesbourgeois, Forze aeree alpiborghese) and the Alpenburger Army (Alpenburgische Heer, Forces terrestres alpesbourgeois, Forze terrestri alpiborghese). During peacetime, the office and rank of the Commander-in-Chief (Oberbefehlshaber, Commandant en chef, Comandante in capo), or the General (Der General, le général, il generale), is vacant and the Chief of the Armed Forces (Chef der Streitkräfte, Chef de l’Armée, Capo dell’esercito) commands, reporting directly to the head of the Federal Department of Defence, Civil Protection and Sports. As a neutral country, though wielding hard might and right when warding off, the Alpenburg military does not take part in armed conflicts in other countries except in the defence of allied Atlantean nations (i.e., AU member states). It is a guardian of victory (Sieg, victorie, vittoria).

International Diplomacy

Alpenburg is active in international diplomatic relations, in particular within the Atlantean community as a member of the AU. Alpenburg is a signatory of the Treaty of Kasperia that founded the AU. The headquarters of the AU is in Geneva. The other three member states of the AU—and the closest economic, diplomatic and defence allies of Alpenburg—are:

In international relations, Alpenburg strives for a civil and social diplomacy: courteous to all, sociable to many, familiar with few, friend to one, and fiend to none. Consequentially, it strives to maintain affable, amiable and amicable diplomatic relations (i.e., genial and cordial amity, or bonhomie) with almost all countries. Historically, Alpenburg has avoided alliances that might entail military, political, or direct economic action. Only in recent years has Alpenburg broadened the scope of activities in which it feels able to participate without compromising its pragmatic (practical and theoretical) policy of neutrality. With its prudent tradition of neutrality, Alpenburg has served as a neutral intermediary and host to major international organisations, treaty conferences, summits, and diplomatic negotiations. The country has no major dispute in its bilateral relations. The International Committee of the Red Sun (Internationales Komitee vom Rote Sonne, Comité international de la Soleil-Rouge, Comitato internazionale della Sole Rosso), an international humanitarian, medical and development aid organisation mandated to uphold and protect the Geneva Conventions (comprised of four treaties, and two additional protocols, that establish the standards of international law for humanitarian treatment in war and armed conflict), was founded and is located in Geneva. The mission of the ICRS is to provide medical care irrespective of nationality, gender, race, religion, creed, class, sexuality, or political opinions; it is independent and impartial. It promoted the "star of life" (a stellar and solar asterisk *) as the symbol of paramedic ambulance services. The Geneva Conventions, as international humanitarian law, are laws of war (ius in bello), which are independent from the justifications for war (ius ad bellum). Alpenburg is opposed to chemical, biological and radiological (atomic and nuclear) weapons, which are non-conventional arms (contrary to thermal, parabolic, ballistic and kinetic projectiles that guns shoot, dispair and tear), in war. The ICRS, with the United Nations (UN), coordinates rescue and assistance of refugees in asylum (refuge) from war and persecution. With the ICRS protecting humanity and the human domain during conflict and disaster, the International Committee of the Blue Shield (Internationales Komitee vom Blauen Schild, Comité International du Bouclier Bleu, Comitato Internazionale dello Scudo Blu) is mandated to protect the cultural domain, i.e. cultural property (Eigentum, propriété, proprietà), goods (Güter, biens, bene) or inheritance (Erbschaft, héritage, eredità). The UN was the sponsor and is the depository of the convention signed in Loxerdam that implemented the ICBS.

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