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[Outdated] Electoral System Act 2018

This dispatch is no longer being updated.

Electoral System Act

Proposed by: Khevo

Section I: Preamble

NOTING the flaws of both Single-Transferable Vote (STV) and Instant Runoff Vote (IRV),

KNOWING that other multi-candidate voting systems exist and may be better than both STV and IRV,

BELIEVING that using another system would improve our elections greatly.

Section II: Provisions

HEREBY decrees:

Sub-Section I: Average Placement System

  • Both general elections and midterm elections shall use Average Placement in multi-seat elections.

    • Each voter shall rank the candidates and “Re-open Nominations” (RoN) in order of preference.

      • 1 shall be the highest rank.

      • The lowest rank shall be equal to one number greater than the total number of candidates.

    • At the end of the elections, all the ranks received by each candidate shall be added up and divided by the number of voters to find each candidate’s “Average Placement”.

    • The Average Placement of all candidates and RoN will determine which candidates are elected.

      • Example of the Average Placement System: LinkClick Here

    • All nations finishing above RoN and within the available seats (For example, six seats are available in the Senate) shall be elected to office.

    • If RoN finishes within the available seats, all candidates who placed above RoN shall be elected, and nominations shall re-open for the other seats.

Sub-Section II: Runoffs

  • Should a single-seat election have more than two candidates and no single candidate receives a majority, a runoff shall be held between the two highest placed candidates.

    • The runoff shall begin no more than 48 hours after the election ends, and shall last for 36 hours.

    • The candidate that receives the majority in the runoff shall be elected.

    • Should more than two candidates be included in the runoff, and no candidate receives a majority in that runoff, the candidate with the least amount of votes in the runoff shall be eliminated, and another round of the runoff will occur.

      • This shall continue until a candidate receives a majority.

  • Should a multi-seat election have more candidates than available seats, and a draw occurs between candidates where one (or more) would be able to get a seat while one (or more) would not, a runoff using Average Placement shall be held between them.

    • The runoff shall begin no more than 48 hours after the election ends, and shall last for 36 hours.

    • If one seat is being competed for in the runoff, the candidate that receives the highest average placement shall be elected..

    • If more than one seat is being competed for, the number of candidates elected from the runoff shall be equal to the number of seats being competed for in the runoff.

    • In the case where more than two candidates must be included in the runoff and a tie for the bottom seat occurs, candidates voted to any other seat in the runoff will be elected and any candidate placing below the tie will be eliminated.

      • The candidates in the tie will enter a second round of the runoff, in which the candidate with the majority will be elected.

Sub-Section III: Draws

  • In a case where a single-seat election ends in a draw, the Senate shall vote which of the candidates assume office.

    • If a draw is between two nations who both received a plurality, they shall go to a runoff rather than a Senate vote.

      • If the runoff then results in a tie, the draw procedure shall be followed.

    • The vote shall begin no more than 48 hours after the election ends, and shall last for 36 hours.

      • The candidate that receives the majority in the Senate is elected.

    • If there has been a draw, or no candidate has received majority, the Assembly shall vote on the candidates.

    • Assembly votes shall be added to Senate votes, candidate receiving the majority of the vote is elected.