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by The Principality of Clerk Suternia. . 661 reads.

NWE Senate || Imperial Charter (PASSED LEGISLATION)

New Western Empire Imperial Charter
This is a list of all legislation that has been passed by New Western Empire Senate.

L.R. stands for Legislative Resolution. Not all L.R.s are laws. Information about bills which failed to pass in the Senate can be found HERE.
Bill Format Act (L.R. 001)
Author: The Evile Empire
Sponsors: The Evile Empire, Dependants

Recognizing that the Senate has no official legislative format, which can potentially result in a variety of legislative formats that can cause confusion.

Hereby requires all future bills to be written in the following format:

Bill name:
(LR XXX)*
Author(s):
Sponsor(s):

Preamble:

This is followed by numbered articles with their descriptions following. Articles shall be divided into sections, the author(s) of proposed legislation may split their legislation into greater sections should they deem it necessary. For example:

Article 1 -
Section 1 -

or

Section 1:
Article 1 -
Section 1 -
For larger bills

If a bill does not follow this format, it may not be voted on.

*L.R. (Legislative Resolution) XXX is a placeholder, and XXX will be replaced with the appropriate number upon being taken to the floor for debate.

Senate Timing Act (L.R. 002)
Author: The Evile Empire, Communaccord
Sponsors: The Evile Empire, Sainoland, Dependants

Recognizing that debate and voting times on bills can be arbitrary, which may lead to a bill wasting or not having enough debate or voting time.

Section 1 - The Chancellor shall set an initial time frame for debate that neither exceeds 5 days, nor falls short of 24 hours, however, they may cut this time frame short if debate has stalled and it has been at least 24 hours since the bill was initially proposed.

Section 1 - If the bill is amended, additional time may be added to the debate time up to the Chancellor’s discretion. If an amendment is proposed on the fifth day of debate, it may be extended to six, purely to discuss the amendment.
Section 2 - No further amendments may be made after the fifth day.

Section 1 - After 24 hours has passed, any senator may file a motion to end the debating period early. If this motion gets the support of 2/5 of senators, the chancellor shall open up the voting period.
Section 2 - If a senator feels that the Chancellor has untimely cut the debate time short, they may motion to extend the debate up to 24 hours. Their extension may not pass the five day limit.
Section 3 - A motion will be formatted as:

Motion to extend/end debate
I motion to extend/end debate because _____

Section 1 - The Chancellor shall set a voting period lasting between 24 hours and five days, depending on the urgency of the bill.
Section 2 - The voting period shall be open until either a majority has been reached or the deadline for voting has passed.
Section 3 - If the bill has failed to reach a majority by the end of the deadline, the Chancellor may extend the voting period by up to three days or close it.

Standards of Legal Procedures and Crimes Act (L.R. 003) [*V.2]
Author: Mukolayiv, South-East Antarctica
Sponsors: Mukolayiv, The Evile Empire, Marinne, Palancia

Preamble
With the region starting afresh in virtually everything, it is imperative that a new code of standards of legal procedures and criminal punishments be formed.

Section 1. Government Legalities and Offenses

Preamble: An individual within the Court or Cabinet shall face moderate restrictions on what positions they can hold.

Section 1: Deputy Directors and rank-and-file department staff shall be considered sub-Cabinet offices.

Section 2: All Senate leadership positions shall be counted as extensions of the standard role of Senator rather than distinguished offices for the purpose of this Act.

Section 3: Justices, including the Chief Justice, may not serve within the Cabinet or the Senate.

Section 4: All Cabinet members shall be barred from holding any other position within the Cabinet beyond that of their incumbency.

Section 5: The Prime Minister shall be disallowed to serve as a Senator.

Preamble: Any individual who is in a position of power in a certain government organ or belongs to it, associates with it, or is relative to it may not use their office, nor the office of another individual for personal and political gain.

Section 1: The following bodies and positions shall be defined as being or part of government organs:

  • The Office of Prime Minister and their Deputy

  • The Office of Cabinet Directors, their Deputies, their Employees and their respective departments

  • The Office of Senate Chancellor

  • The Office of Senator

Section 2: Holders or members of the aforementioned organs cannot use their capacity in said institutions for political gain or personal gain.

Section 3: Aforementioned members of government organs are permitted to campaign, disseminate, and preach content for personal or political gain in the capacity of a private citizen.

Section 4: It shall be legal to mention exploits whilst in the office of a government institution for the purpose of personal or political campaigning or gain. Exploits shall be defined as achievements both on the domestic stage and on the foreign stage, however, it shall be illegal to make note of confidential information.

Section 5: Holders or Members of government offices and institutions cannot use said position for the following (but not limited) purposes:

  • Political agitation

  • Attempts or executions of illegal acts

  • Creation of political institutions centred or based upon the government office

  • Harmful conduct, spam

  • Sexual offences or conduct harmful to minors present

Section 6: The definition of a political institution centred or based upon the government office is any political party/organization that links itself, bases itself in or upon all or part of a government office, discord server, or dispatch.

Section 7: Breaking aforementioned clauses is grounds for the official in question to be presented articles of impeachment and held criminally liable.

Preamble: This article further expands the description of duties and stipulations of government officials created under the constitution.

Section 1: The Executive Branch shall consist of the Prime Minister, the Deputy Prime Minister, any Cabinet Directors the Monarch may create or has already created under the Constitution (at the time of passage: Director of the Interior, Director of Foreign Affairs, Director of Immigration and Director of Justice) and the Deputies to the mentioned Directors..

Section 2: The Prime Minister will be responsible for overseeing the other members of the Executive Branch, making sure they perform their duties under this and other statutes.

Section 3: The Prime Minister will also perform their constitutional duties.

Section 4: The Deputy Prime Minister will have the duty of assuming the office of Prime Minister as soon as possible if the need arises and casting tie-breaking votes in the Senate if the need arises to.

Section 5: The Director of Interior will be responsible for keeping the region informed and up to date regarding government and regional updates, via Telegram, organize regional events, and handle internal security.

Section 6: The Director of Foreign Affairs will be responsible for handling the region’s Diplomatic Affairs and Embassies

Section 7: The Director of Immigration will be responsible for recruiting nations to join the New Western Empire and promoting the region via recruitment.

Section 8: The Director of Justice will be responsible for prosecuting nations who violate the regional Law, and overseeing investigation in the aforementioned crimes.

Section 9: Any other office the Emperor may create will be responsible for performing the duties the Emperor assigns to them, and the Senate may amend this statute to include new offices or remove defunct ones.

Section 10: Deputies to the above posts will be responsible for assuming the Office they are Deputy to if the need arises to, as well as any Duties assigned to them by Directors.

Section 11: The Legislative Branch shall, according to the Constitution, consist of the Imperial Senate.

Section 12: The Chancellor of the Senate, selected by the process described in the Constitution, will be responsible for managing the Senate, putting bills up for debate and vote and keeping the legislative process flowing

Section 13: Posts inferior to the Chancellor, such as the Deputy Chancellor, will be responsible for assuming (temporarily or not) the office of Chancellor, if the need arises to.

Section 14: The exact specifics of these Offices are subject to definitions by the Chancellor.

Section 15: The Judicial Body of the New Western Empire will be the High Court.

Section 16: The Justices to the High Court, appointed per Constitutional provisions, will be responsible for voting and delivering opinions in cases and matters before the Court, without bias or unnecessary delay.

Section 17: The Chief Justice of the High Court, appointed per Constitutional provisions, will have the additional duty of managing the agenda of the High Court and presenting their decisions.

Section 18: The Senior Justice of the High Court shall be the longest-serving incumbent Justice not being the Chief Justice, and they will be additionally responsible for temporarily assuming the Office of Chief Justice if the need to do so arises.

Section 19: The Imperial Supreme Court shall consist of His Imperial Majesty’s Right Honorable Lord of the Judiciary who shall head the Court along with two Lord Magistrates

Section 20: The Imperial Supreme Court shall operation Discord, or it's equivalent, where all arguments are to made orally and recorded or if impossible briefs shall be submitted in lieu of oral arguments and shall only hear appeals from the Imperial High Court on binding and final decisions in regards to a plain error of fact or a de novo legal review. This Court cannot directly rule on any matter as it can only hear appeals and it can only reverse, remand, vacate, affirm and their combinations the final orders of the Imperial High Court.

Section 21: The Imperial Supreme Court shall be the sole maker of its rules and procedures. All rulings and arguments of this Court must be accessible to the public.

Section 22: Members of the Imperial Supreme Court must have served previously as a Justice of the Imperial High Court, or the former New Western Atlantic High Court, for the period of 6 months. The members of the Court shall be appointed by the Emperor and confirmed by a majority vote from the citizens.

Section 23: Clarifications:

This in no way interdicts with the Emperor's ability to create new offices, or the Senate’s to create lower courts.

This also does not interfere with any other statute creating obligations for any government official.

Section 24: Failure to perform the duties outlined in this article will result in a civil case, brought up after a two-thirds consent of the Senate to do so in the High Court. The Justice Director will be representing the Government in such cases, unless they delegate that duty or are themselves the official taken to Court, in which case this duty falls to any Official appointed by the Senate.

Preamble: This article deals specifically with Telegrams sent to the whole region by Regional Offices who have Communications authority. Telegrams sent (by anyone) using private stamps are considered to be actions in the capacity of a private citizen and as such, are exempt from the following provisions.

Section 1: Regional Officer Communications Telegrams must contain one or more of the following:

  • Notice of Election: A message informing the citizens that an election is underway, or that an election is due in a short amount of time, notifying them about possible candidacy deadlines

  • Senate Notice: a message informing the region of the passage of a bill from the Senate, or other important Senate update.

  • High Court Notice: a message informing the region of a High Court ruling.

  • Prime Ministerial Notice: any message sanctioned by the Prime Minister containing official information, e.g. an appointment, a veto to a bill, a region-wide poll and others.

  • Region-wide event: Notice of a region-wide event, such as a poll.

Section 2: Other Government-sponsored messages: including but not limited to promotion of the Role-Play, an opinion poll held via telegram.

Section 2. Senate Activity

Preamble: Recognizing that inactivity of some Senators in the old Kingdom has often paralyzed the Senate, which with up to ⅓ of the seats inactive, impairing legislation which required ⅔ support. Further realizing that this degraded the regional democracy and weakened the quality of debated bills.

Section 1: Parties have a constitutional right to alter their senators at any time for any reason within the constraints of the mandate granted by the Emperor.

Section 2: A senator shall become eligible for impeachment once they miss 3 consecutive senate votes.

Section 3: Once impeached the senator holds no right to resume his term until the next election. A replacement shall fill in the seat until the next election is scheduled.

Section 1. There shall be no constraints or impairments in the process of replacement of the impeached/sacked senator.

Section 2. The inactive senator in question shall not be liable for court as inactivity is not a crime

Section 3. Crimes and Punishments

Section 1: Crime shall be defined as an action or omission which constitutes an offence and is punishable by law.

Section 2: The following crimes and their stipulated definitions shall be legally recognized within the New Western Empire:

  • Abuse of Power
    Abuse of Power shall be defined as the unlawful or illegal usage of powers granted to a government official or employee

  • Attempt.
    Attempt shall be defined as an individual who has specific intent to commit a crime, and takes direct action toward completion of the crime. A completed crime shall fall under respective provisions and this article shall not be charged with successful attempts at a crime.

  • Bribery
    Bribery shall be defined as the offer or acceptance of anything of value in exchange for influence on a government official or employee.

  • Conspiracy
    Conspiracy shall be defined as a criminal plot with two or more people agreeing to commit almost any unlawful act, then take some action toward its completion. The action taken need not itself be a crime, but it must indicate that those involved in the plot knew of the plan and intended to break the law. A person may be convicted of conspiracy even if the actual crime was never committed.

  • Corruption
    Corruption shall be defined as the receiving by an individual holding public office or a government position of unofficial benefits in exchange for favors via the use of their said post.

  • Criminal Contempt of the Court
    Criminal Contempt of the Court shall be defined as conduct that defies, disrespects, or insults the authority or dignity of a court. Often, contempt takes the form of actions that are seen as detrimental to the court's ability to administer justice.

  • Disorderly Conduct
    Disorderly Conduct shall be defined as the use of profane language in the presence of a minor, posting and disseminating harmful and explicit material, and being in a state of intoxication that causes disturbances

  • Disturbing the Peace
    Disturbing the Peace shall be defined as a criminal offence that occurs when a person engages in some form of unruly public behavior, such as fighting or spamming excessive words and messages. When a person's words or conduct jeopardizes another person's right to peace and tranquility, he or she may be charged with disturbing the peace.

  • Espionage
    Espionage shall be defined as the act of obtaining secret or confidential information without the permission of the holder of the information for the favor of a foreign source.

  • Fraud
    Fraud shall be defined as a purposeful misrepresentation of an important fact

  • Harassment
    Harassment shall be defined as aggressive pressure or intimidation with the intent to gain something of worth or moral satisfaction

  • Hate Crimes
    Hate Crimes shall be defined as the violence of intolerance and bigotry, intended to hurt and intimidate someone because of their race, ethnicity, national origin, religion, sexual orientation, or disability.

  • Inciting Hatred
    Inciting hatred shall be defined as the call to violence against a certain group or individual based on their ethnicity, race, sex, sexual orientation, political orientation, political affiliation, religion, national origin and personal views.

  • Identity Theft
    Identity Theft shall be defined as the fraudulent practise of using another person's name and information in order to obtain any bonuses in any form.

  • Obstruction of Justice
    Obstruction of Justice shall be defined as the act of willfully interfering with the process of justice and law especially by influencing, threatening, harming, or impeding a witness, potential witness, juror, or judicial or legal officer or by furnishing false information in or otherwise impeding an investigation or legal process, attempting to prevent access of investigators or sabotage of ongoing investigations.

  • Perjury
    Perjury shall be defined as to knowingly make misleading or false statements under oath or to sign a legal document one knows to be false or misleading.

  • Probation Violation
    Probation Violation shall be defined as an offence that occurs when one breaks the terms or conditions of their probation.

  • Revelation
    Revelation shall be defined as the illegal or un-consented exposing of personal or otherwise sensitive information that belongs to another individual or entity.

  • Sabotage
    Sabotage shall be defined as the act of deliberately destroying, damaging, or obstructing something, especially for political or military advantage.

  • Securities Fraud
    Securities Fraud shall be defined as knowingly making fraudulent or misleading statements about any private entity that lead to outsiders making incorrect assumptions based on such statements.

  • Stalking
    Stalking shall be defined as the unwanted pursuit of an individual for any given purpose

  • Theft
    Theft shall be defined as the taking of a person's property without their permission, or also with the intent to deprive them of said property permanently

  • Vandalism
    Vandalism shall be defined as the defacing or unwanted spam of an individual or group

  • Treason
    Treason shall be defined as the crime of betraying the region, especially by attempting to overthrow the sovereign or government, or exposing state secrets to outsiders.

Section 1: The following punishments shall be recognized as legal repercussions for any crime committed:

  • Probation.

  • Muting or suppression of speech for a given period of time.

  • Revocation of citizenship for a given period of time or indefinitely.

  • Ejection/Kicking from the region/discord.

  • Banishment for a given period of time or indefinitely.

Section 2: Unusual or lowly punishments that infringe on the convicted's dignity or honour are prohibited.

Section 3: The discord moderators have the right to issue on the spot punishment to outsiders or minor offenders without the consent of the court.

Section 4: Minor offenders are defined as those who commit petty crimes such as vandalism, or disturb the peace. Their muting done on the initiative of discord moderators does not inhibit the victims from lodging a court case.

Section 5: The court can overturn any of the disciplinary actions undertaken by Discord Moderators.

Section 6: Discord moderators are not mandated by this Bill to be government officials, and as such, while the NWE government has judicial jurisdiction over the Discord moderating service in the form of the Court, any other jurisdiction, whether it be executive or legislative is forbidden.

Section 7: Exceptions to Section 6 include government officials and the Emperor being given roles that correspond to their office and their respective profession.

Preamble: With the intention of easing access to the Criminal Code and appropriate punishments, this Article deals with provisions in the reproduction of unaltered copies of this Code for public distribution and Notice.

Section 1: The Criminal Code shall be defined as Articles 1 and 2 of Section 3. Concerning Defined Crimes and their appropriate punishments.

Section 2: The Justice Department, the High Court, and the Supreme Court are given the right to reproduce un-altered copies of this Code for providing a reference to both officials and citizens.

Section 3: Knowingly altering or changing the code in a copy document shall be illegal and fall under the definition of securities fraud.



*Note of the Clerk: L.R. 003 was amended on August 14th 2019, the original bill can still be found here.

Author Anonymity Act (L.R. 004)
Author: United Cascadian Peoples, Ormantum
Sponsors: Sanchee2020

Recognizing the potentially damaging effects, and bias that the awareness of a bill's author may have on the outcome of a vote. With the objective to read, observe, judge, and vote on a bill based on its content, not its author. Recognizing this bill's roots in the NWA, where it was written by Ormantum, we recognize its value, and we wish to continue it in the NWE.


Preamble: Citizens, after the passage of this bill, will have the option to, after composing a bill in its entirety, contact any Senator, who will then publish the bill in its given format, on the Regional Message Board of the Senate of the NWE. The bill, when published, will contain no author.

Section 1: The sponsor, whether there will be one, will be mutually determined by the author, and publisher.

Section 2: The process of publishing a bill, conducted by a Senator, will not be an endorsement of the said proposed bill.

Section 3: After the publisher has been informed of the bill's author, the publisher is furthermore prohibited from revealing the author of the proposed bill, unless the author has otherwise granted permission.

Section 4: At any stage of the bill's progress in the Senate, or after the Senate, the author has the ability to disclose who the bill's author is.

Section 5: The Bill's author, however, for the sake of preventing fraud, shall be revealed to the Chancellor and eventually forwarded to the High Court.

Section 6:
After the Chancellor and High Court Justices have been informed of the bill's author, they are furthermore prohibited from revealing the author of the proposed bill, unless the author has otherwise granted permission.


The reintroduction of Rights and Protections in Court Act [NWA L.R. 77](L.R. 005)
Author: Laurennia
Sponsors: Laurennia, The Evile Empire, Sainoland

Recognizing that with the new code of standards of legal procedures and criminal punishments formed, the rights of the citizens in court should be clarified and protected by law.

Recognizing this bill's roots in the New Western Atlantic, where it was written by The brotherhood of kyro, we recognize its value, and we wish to continue it in the New Western Empire.

Preamble: A nation who has already been to Court for a specific crime cannot be tried for the exact same crime in the New Western Empire.

Section 1: If a plurality of nations have been collectively prosecuted over an issue, an individual nation may not be prosecuted separately for the crime that they had committed alongside other nations, after charges have already been filed prior against the group of Nations including said Nation.

Section 2: If a nation would commit an act which would later become illegal under future legislation, they will be unable to be prosecuted for these acts.

Section 3: In the event of which the accused nation, whom have already undergone trial for a crime, or the prosecutor of that trial are revealed to have new evidence in the case which gives reasonable belief that the outcome of the trial may change as a result, the case will then be subject to a retrial.

Preamble: This Bill creates a Statute of Limitations where a nation cannot be prosecuted in court for a crime committed over the time span of 12 months after the crime had become made aware of.

Section 1: The phrase ‘Become made aware of’ shall include the general awareness that has been made to the New Western Empire. This shall also include a plurality of elected Officers in the New Western Empire.

Section 2: These elected Officers in which have become made aware of the crime cannot be those who have committed the crime themselves.

Section 3: If a nation were to Cease To Exist then this timespan shall be suspended until their return and continued at that point.

Preamble: Those prosecuting a nation shall be barred from looking for evidence or harassing people on sites outside of NationStates which are outside the jurisdiction of the law of New Western Empire. They shall however be allowed to correspond with Justice Services of other regions in the very pursuit of evidence.

Section 1: Nations who are potential witnesses are under the same protections as Article 3.

Section 2: Nations who are potential witnesses for a crime have the right to refuse to answer questions in the High Court, but must acknowledge them there.


The Justice Department Organisation Act (L.R. 006)
Author:New cesorion
Sponsors: Dependants

Seeking to define and set in stone the important and crucial duties of the Justice Department.

The Senate hereby enforces the Justice Department’s authority in the following:

The following Offices are established within the Department:

Section 1 - Director
The Justice Director is elected by the residents of the Region every six months, as per the Constitution, and is subject to all its provisions. He leads and directs all the activities of the Department. The Director appoints all Officers of the Department.

Section 2 - Deputy Director
The Deputy Director is the second highest-ranking Officer of the Department. They assist the Director in discharging the duties of leading and overseeing the Department, and shall assume the Office of Director if the incumbent is removed, resigns, or is otherwise unable to discharge their duties.

Section 3 - Head of Investigations
The Head of Investigations is appointed by the Director to lead and manage the affairs of the Information and Investigations Division

Section 4 - Head of Attorneys
The Head of Attorneys is selected by the Director from amongst the NWE Attorneys to lead the group.

Section 5 - Head Defender
The Head Defender is selected by the Director from amongst the NWE Public Defenders to lead the group.

Section 6 - Clarifications
The Director retains the ability to exercise in full all the duties that this Act delegates to other Officers. Authorisation from the Director to address the High Court on behalf of the Region is required.

The Information & Investigations Division is the main investigative & law enforcement organ of the NWE. They are responsible for assisting the Department in criminal investigations, offering advice and leadership and to protect the NWE from foreign influence/terrorism.

Section 1
The “NWE Attorney” shall be a team of employees of the Department of Justice, appointed by the Director of Justice.

They are eligible to represent the Government and the NWE in the High Court (New Western Atlantic V. Defendant). Prior public authorization by the Director is required to do so, and such authorization should be posted in the High Court/Courtroom RMB.

Section 2
Attorneys shall be selected by the Director, and the Director may establish certain reasonable criteria for the position.

Section 3
Attorneys, while in contact with the Department to properly carry out their duties, may learn classified information about ongoing investigations of the Department, or any other kind. They are required to keep any and all such information secret, unless under orders/authorization from the Justice Director to do otherwise.

Section 1
The “NWE Public Defence” shall be a group of Justice Department employees, selected with the same criteria as Attorneys.

Section 2
Defenders shall be the main pool from which Citizens may select legal advisers/lawyers to assist them with cases in the High Court.

Section 3
The Defenders shall be managed by the Head Defender, who is appointed by the Justice Director.

Section 4
Other than being appointed by the Director, Defenders retain more independence from the Department’s leadership than that of Attorneys.

Section 5
This Act does not infringe on the Citizens’ right to select a private attorney, or to not select one at all.

Senate and High Court RMB Regulations Act (L.R. 007)
Author: New Suternia, Trump and pence
Sponsors: The Evile Empire

Recognising a lack of established procedures for the usage of the Senate and High Court Regional Message Boards (RMB), this bill is hereby proposed with the intent of preventing spam on those RMBs by non-goverment officials, which can in turn disturb the duties of Senators and Justices.

Section I
The usage of the Senate Regional Message Board (RMB) shall be restricted to: Senators; The Prime Minister; The Emperor; The Senate Clerk; Authors of Bills and people sponsored to participate in a debate by a senator.

Section II
Senators may be allowed to sponsor citizens to participate in Senate debates, to do so the senator must announce who he is sponsoring on the RMB. A senator may only be allowed to sponsor one individual per debate. If the Chancellor of the Senate believes this system is being abused, he shall be allowed to revoke the right of a sponsored citizen to speak on the Senate's RMB.

Section III
The usage of the Senate RMB by individuals who do not fall into any of the categories listed above shall be declared illegal and punishable under the law.

Section I
The actions of: sending repeated messages, or messages of no value, or messages outside of permission in the High Court RMB or its Courtrooms, shall hereby be declared illegal and punishable under the law.

Section II
Permission to use the High Court RMB shall be defined as filing a valid or perceivably valid lawsuit or case and or being a party of a case and is required to speak in the RMB, and or is a Justice of the High Court.

Section III
It is hereby illegal to Telegram any High Court Justice any spamming messages, any threatening messages, and or any messages which attempts to change the Justice’s mindset on a case.

Section I
Should an individual without legal permission, as defined within articles I and II of this bill, decide to post on the Senate or High Court Regional Message Boards (RMB), the individual may he held in contempt by the regional High Court, which shall decide on an initial punishment raging from a 3 to 7 day RMB ban, depending on how much or how many times posts were made. During this time the individual will not be able to post messages in any regional RMBs until the ban is over. The duration of the RMB ban may be extended should the individual violate the guidelines of the bill once again, while being held in contempt by the High Court.

Discord Act (L.R. 008)
Author: The Evile Empire, South-East Antarctica
Sponsors: The Evile Empire, Hidden the artic

Recognizing the importance of the NWE discord server as the main place of communication between many people.

Section 1 - The NWE discord server shall be recognized as an official entity of the region and will be subject to the same laws as the rest of the NWE.

Section 2 - All members of the server will be granted their constitutional rights. The right to free speech shall not be infringed upon. Kicks and bans may be distributed when necessary, however, the people who have been kicked or banned may appeal to the courts to have it revoked.

Section 3 - Should a resident of the NWE using the Discord Server feel that their rights have been grossly and unfairly infringed, they shall have the right to file a High Court case against the culprit.

Section 4 - The Moderation team will be able to create a set of rules for the server, albeit still respecting the rights of residents, not extending regulation past the Constitutional limit of protection from speech that could cause psychological distress, would call for psychological and physical damage or violence, is untruthful and defamatory or is spam.

Section 1 - It is the duty of moderators to ensure that all people have the proper roles and that the code of conduct is followed. Failure to fulfill these duties may lead to their loss of moderator status.

Section 2 - Moderators may issue warning or mutes to misbehaving members of the server. Mutes should last for a reasonable amount of time given the situation.

Section 3 - Moderators may not use their position to unfairly punish members of the server or use it for personal or political gain.

Referendum Act (L.R. 009)
Author: Sorrentopia, The Evile Empire
Sponsors: Sorrentopia, The Evile Empire

The Imperial Senate, recognizing the importance of the Citizenry in relation to the legislature and intending to allow for more involvement by the citizenry of the Empire:

Section One: The Senate establishes Official Referendums.

Section Two: The Senate with, the consent of a majority as defined in Article Two of this bill may propose a referendum to be put to the Citizenry on matters of legislation. Additionally, any citizen may propose the referendum to the Senate.

Section Three: All referendums must be posed in a question in the vein of either a:
yes/no question or
a preferred stance question (i.e. Which would you rather the region did?)

Section Four: A referendum may include but is not limited to treaties or legislation.

Section One: The Senate establishes two types of referendum, defined as follows:
i) Non-binding - a question is posed to gauge the opinion of the region, but the Senators are not bound to vote a certain way by law.
ii) Binding - a question is posed to determine the preferred policy of the region, Senators are bound by law to act, or not take action, in accordance with the result of the referendum.

Section Two: Non-binding referendum proposals follow standard Senate voting procedures.

Section Three: Binding referendums require an outright majority of all voting citizens in order to be put into effect.

Section One: The Senate may not pose the same question in a referendum more than once in a Senatorial term or within the same month should the end and start of a new term fall in the middle of a month, excluding the reasons outlined in Section Two.

Section Two: A referendum on the same question may be held within the time limit of Section One if it is either a binding referendum following a non-binding referendum on the same matter or the resolution was compromised due to violations of law.

Section One: As stated in Article Two, Section One, Sub-section i, binding referendums bind Senators to the result of the Referendum

Section Two: A binding referendum requires a majority turnout in order to be officially verified.

Section Three: A binding referendum may set differing requirements for effects, but if not noted they default as such:
i) A yes/no referendum must-see a majority of votes cast in order for yes to win, 50% or less will be considered no.
ii) A Question with multiple answers, if a majority is not reached for any one answer, may go to a runoff between the two highest answers, if the Senate has already stated in the original referendum proposal that such is to occur.

Section Four: If the result calls for action to be taken the Senate and/or Government must take such action.

Section Five: Conversely, if the result calls for an action to not occur then the Senate and/or the Government may not do the denied action for a time as defined in the resolution.

Section Six: Senators found to be violating these requirements may face removal from the Senate for their actions.

The Imperial Military Creation Bill (L.R. 010)
Author: South-East Antarctica with contributions by Mukolayiv
Sponsors: South-East Antarctica

In order to promote activity and engagement by the Imperial Citizens, to create means of defense of Imperial interests and allies and of power projection, and to create meaningful positions of employment and entertainment for the Imperial Citizens, the Senate hereby establishes the His Majesty’s Imperial Armed Forces.

Section 1
The His Majesty’s Imperial Armed Forces, short-form Armed Forces shall be established as the sole legitimate and official uniformed military service of the New Western Empire.

Section 2
The Armed Forces shall be subordinate to the Department of Defense, led by a democratically elected civilian Director, per Article IX, Section II of the Constitution. The Director shall oversee the Armed Forces without significant intervention in their business, coordinating the larger picture of the military affairs with the leadership of the Armed Forces and setting the general direction of the Armed Forces: Raider, Defender or Neutral.

Section 3
The Director of Defense shall appoint a Chief of the General Staff for his term that shall be his deputy and the Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces within a reasonable timeframe. The Supreme Commander in Chief shall be the reigning Monarch of the New Western Empire. The Chief of the General Staff shall lead the Armed Forces and coordinate the actions of his subordinates.

Section 4
The Armed Forces shall be divided into three Corps: The Regular Corps, Reserve Corps, and the Intelligence Corps. Each shall be led by a Corps Commandant. They shall be appointed by the Chief of the General Staff, which including him, shall comprise the General Staff.

Section 5
Should there be a vacancy for the Chief of the General Staff due to either resignation or sacking by impeachment, he shall be succeeded by the Regular Corps Commandant, the Intelligence Corps Commandant and the Reserve Corps Commandant, respectively in the order of succession until a replacement has been found by the Director.

Section 1
The Regular Corps Commandant shall lead the Regular Corps, tasked with active military service and thoroughly conducting military operations on a regular basis. The extent of these operations shall be unlimited unless by the general stance of the Armed Forces. The Regular Corps shall put forward the special position of Provost Sergeant, who shall be the most Senior Non-Commissioned Officer who is tasked with keeping discipline, and esprit de corps. He shall compile reports on disciplinary infractions and shall be empowered to take disciplinary measures against offending servicemen, yet with matters pertaining a discharge, the Chief of the General Staff has the final say.

Section 2
The Reserve Corps Commandant shall lead the Regular Corps, tasked with passive military service and supporting the Regular Corps. The Reserve Corps shall conduct piling and defensive operations, while also being called into active service in times of desperate need by the Chief of the General Staff. The Reserve Corps shall put forward the position of Army Bookkeeper, tasked with updating the roster of the Armed Forces, as defined by the Reserve Corps Commandant.

Section 3
The Intelligence Corps Commandant shall lead the Intelligence Corps, tasked with gathering details helpful to the operation of the Armed Forces and preserving the internal security within the Region. These tasks shall be coordinated adequately by units led by the special positions of External Superintendent and Internal Superintendent, appointed by the Corps Commandant. The External Superintendent and his subordinates shall receive the freedom of operation unless posing a risk to the Imperial diplomatic efforts, coordinating with the Department of Foreign Affairs, while the Internal Superintendent and his subordinates shall coordinate with the Department of Justice within bounds of counter-espionage and anti-treachery. They shall not extend espionage on parties and government business, yet they may lodge official requests on the disclosure of classified information. All soldiers of the Intelligence Corps save for the Commandant are to be unmentioned in the roster and classified.

Section 4
Each of the Corps shall be able to create and maintain insignia of their own. Each Corps Commandant shall be elevated to an adequate rank within the system of the Armed Forces. The Corps Commandants of the Reserve and Intelligence Corps shall be able to delegate soldiers to instructor duty and coordinate upon the training and examination of the soldiers. Each Corps Commandant can be sacked at the Chief of the General Staff’s leisure.

Section 1
There shall not a cap instilled on the total active manpower.

Section 2
The Armed Forces shall be permitted to cooperate and coordinate operations with regions with diplomatic ties to the region or organization of stance corresponding to the general stance of the Armed Forces.

Section 3
The Armed Forces shall be able to establish their own decorations, badges, medals, and orders at their own leisure. These decorations shall be kept even if a soldier finishes their service unless he is dishonorably discharged. The bounds of the decorations shall be defined by the General Staff.

Section 4
Soldiers shall be responsible for keeping loyalty to their commanders and the Military Code, which is to be established by the consensus of the General Staff at their leisure. They shall upkeep their oath, sworn after enlistment, which shall be the following:
I, [Name], in recognition of my entry to military service within The [Insert Corps] of the His Majesty’s Imperial Armed Forces, do solemnly swear to uphold it's sacred traditions, to do the best of my duty, and to serve with diligence. In the unwanted event if I break this solemn oath I shall accept any punishment in the lines of the law. Hereby, I pledge Allegiance to the New Western Empire, to His Imperial Majesty, and to the People.

Section 5
All residents of the New Western Empire are to be qualified to serve in the Armed Forces after receiving basic training. The Armed Forces may accept foreign volunteers, but they shall never hold ranks superior to that of an NCO.

Section 6
The Imperial Rank System shall be comprised as follows:
General Staff
Marshal (Chief of the General Staff)
General (Regular Corps Commandant)
Lieutenant General (Reserve Corps Commandant)
Major General (Intelligence Corps Commandant)
Officers
Colonel
Lieutenant Colonel
Major
Captain
Lieutenant
Second Lieutenant
Non-Commissioned Officers
Master Sergeant (Sergeant Provost)
Staff Sergeant
Sergeant
Corporal
Enlisted
Private First Class
Private
Reservist

Reservists, save for the Corps Commandant, shall always have the rank of reservist. During times when the Reserve Corps is called into active duty, they are to be temporarily elevated to Private and Private First Class ranks accordingly to their merit. Reservists shall have the operational right to participate in piling and defense operations, Enlisted soldiers have the right to initiate (de)tag operations on their own unless under command by a higher rank, NCOs have the same rights with the addition of chasing/serial tagging, unless under command by a higher rank, Officers have the rights of their subordinates with the addition of liberations and raids, unless under command by a General Staff member. General Staff members have are unlimited in their undertakings. The Intelligence Corps shall operate under the same system, with the Enlisted and NCO groups removed, and with full operational capacity.

Section 7
During operations, the soldier holding the highest rank shall be the leader and decision-making body. Ranks shall be awarded in accordance with merit and ability, at the leisure of any General Staff member, with demotions and reassignments following the same basis.

Section 1
The Armed Forces shall be supported by civilian contractors or appointed soldiers with additional duties, hired at the leisure of the General Staff. These shall be the Press Corps, upwards to 3 members, responsible for public relations and communication with the other parts of the Government and with the populace, the Legal Corps, of one member, responsible for the legal representation of the Armed Forces and the Miscellaneous Corps, responsible for the creation of art, recruitment and providing other services the Armed Forces may need, of upwards to 4 members.

Section 2
The Chief of the General Staff shall make a bimonthly report to the Prime Minister and the Senate about the state of the Armed Forces. He is also expected to maintain informative relations with the Director of Defense.

Section 3
The Chief of the General Staff shall be able to be removed by the Director of Defense in the situation of being inactive for upwards of 10 days.

Section 4
The Armed Forces shall maintain a Discord or equivalent of its own.

Section 5
Assets of the NWARDF shall be reused and restored at the leisure of the Chief of the General Staff. Ex-soldiers of the NWARDF are invited to return as they wish, honorarily keeping their rank outside of active service.

Section 6
Soldiers suspected of breaking their oath/military code shall be put before a Military Court consisting of the General Staff consulted by the Sergeant Provost. They shall deliberate if the accused are guilty and deliver their punishment, upwards to a dishonorable discharge.

Section 7
Retired soldiers of merit may be awarded the post of Inspector-General, who shall serve as an honorary figure of authority and advisor to aspiring soldiers and may conduct voluntary instructor duty. The Chief of the General Staff shall have the authority to appoint other honorary servicemen as a manner of rewarding merit.

Imperial Copyright Act (L.R. 011)
Author: South-East Antarctica
Sponsors: South-East Antarctica

Recognizing the positive effects of protecting the intellectual property of the Residents, worried by the possibility of long-term, degrading disputes regarding rights to intellectual work, the Senate hereby introduces these provisions.

Section I
All intellectual works intended for use by Imperial-affiliated entities shall be protected by statute. They shall be under the sole ownership of their author, or in case of multiple contributors, with all the creators with equal rights to ownership. Any disputes about ownership shall be settled by the High Court.

Section II
This includes newspaper articles, art belonging to newspaper entities, party manifestos, party art, Senate bills, documents of Government entities, Government art, and patents.

Section III
Anything not explicitly described in Section II shall be void of legal protection unless a patent is filed for it by a resident.

Section IV
The Director of Justice or his chosen representative shall be the recordkeeper for patents. He shall develop the process of accepting patents on his own accord. Patents may be appealed or reported as fabrications to the High Court, which shall have the power to nullify them.

Section I
Should the holder of the rights to intellectual property retract the rights of an entity to use his work, he shall give them no less than 3 days to remove them or modify them to suit his needs, after which if the query is unresponded, he shall be able to lodge a case to the High Court, which shall have the ability to introduce measures to suppress the infringing work.

Section II
Entities shall be able to use copyrighted work for nonpolitical and nonprofit purposes upon crediting the author.

Section III
This law shall take effect one week after its passage.

Promulgation Act (L.R. 013)
Author: Communaccord, Dependants
Sponsors: Communaccord, Hulldom, The Evile Empire

Recognizing the need for important events and proceedings of government that directly affect or require the participation of the public, this act sets forth to ensure that certain announcements are made via both Government Telegrams and Discord Announcement.

Section I
a. all announcements covered in Article II of this bill are to be made in the Regional Discord and through Government Administered Regional Telegrams. announcements on both platforms must be made within a period of no more than 24 hours apart from each other.

Section I
a. invoking of By-Election and Snap Elections shall require an announcement with the exact date the election is to be held and the duration for which the vote shall be open, in addition to a brief description of what position(s) the election is being held for.
b. Enactment of an official Treaty will require an announcement providing a copy of treaty and list of signatory regions and individuals.
c. Opening of Citizens vote on Constitutional Amendment, including the constitutional amendment in question.
d. Beginning of a candidacy period, alongside the exact date and duration of a normal election.
e. any other occurrence or governmental event that the appropriate authorities have reasonable cause to believe the populace would be negatively impacted by the lack of promotion.

Section I
a. Failure to comply with this act will result in a warning and/or temporary suspension of power.
b. Repeated offences despite previous court action, can be grounds for impeachment by the Senate.


Oversight Act (L.R. 019)
Author: Communaccord
Sponsor: Communaccord

The Following Act shall layout several methods by which the senate may provide investigative oversight into the performance of a department Director.

Section 1 - The Senate may mandate the production of Monthly Reports by a Director for their department, the requirement for reports being referred to as 'a Mandate' with the the monthly reports simply being 'Monthly Report' as to avoid confusion between the requirement imposed by the senate for the reports and the reports themselves.

Section 2 - The Senate shall also set the requirements and guidelines for the content and topics covered in the Monthly Reports ordered by the Mandate.

Section 3 - Mandates shall be passed with a simple majority vote, and may be deferred by Director they address with 7 days, or by the prime minister. To override the deferment, the senate must vote with a two thirds majority

Section 4 - Mandates may only require Monthly Reports for a period of up to four months, and the Monthly Reports shall be made publicly available on the regional RMB and in the Senate.

Section 4 The senate may hold a monthly review of said reports, and during such reviews amend the guidelines and requirements by simple majority vote or decide to discontinue the Mandate.

Section 1 - The senate may call Directors in to clarify or answer questions on the content of the reports, however Directors maintain the right to refuse to attend a hearing, and hearings may last no longer than 48 hours. The Minister has the right to remain silent and may refuse to answer any question.

Section 2 - During hearings, any senator may ask questions, and questions submitted by citizens will be allowed during this time, however decorum is to be maintained and disorderly behavior may result in censure during the hearing by the Chancellor.

Section 1 - In the event that a Director is found to be criminally negligent in their duties, intentionally falsifies information on reports, and/or refuses to comply with the Mandate for monthly reports repeatedly, the senate may open up impeachment proceedings to remove said minister.


The Writs of Mandamus and Quo Warranto Act (L.R. 022)
Author: Trump and pence
Sponsor: Dependants


To provide a statutory framework for the High Court and the Citizens of the Region to petition for injunctions and Writs to protect them from harm done without said injunction or writ issued.

Section 1 - Preamble
The Writ of Mandamus shall be a Court Order mandating a government or state official to perform a function of their position. This procedure is one that would cut down on the time needed for relief without the conduct of a full trial.

Section 2 - Exceptions to the Prime Minister
The Prime Minister may be ordered to enforce the law or any of their functions outside that which are unofficial (meaning not described in statutory law or the Constitution) or the power to interdict bills passed by the Senate since this power shall be at the discretion of the Prime Minister.

Section 3 - Exceptions to the Deputy Prime Minister
The Deputy Prime Minister, notwithstanding any administrative duties obligated by statute or the Constitution, cannot be a subject of a Writ of Mandamus due to their limited responsibilities.

Section 4 - Exceptions to the Ministers
The Ministers may be ordered to perform a task of their position, however, only official functions of that office can be ordered. All unofficial functions are not subject to a Writ of Mandamus. This is including but not limited to the advice they provide the Prime Minister.

Section 5 - Exceptions to the Senate
As a whole, the Senate cannot be ordered to vote in any manner based on merit. A Writ of Mandamus can only be ordered against a specific officer or officers of the Senate relating to administrative duties such as record keeping or procedural matters. A Writ of Mandamus cannot be used to compel the removal of inactive Senators or trigger any impeachment proceedings based on merit.

Section 6 - Exceptions to the State
A Writ of Mandamus can only be successful against the Emperor if it relates to elections. All other matters are at the discretion of the Emperor, purely.

Section 7 - Procedures to file
The High Court shall be at liberty to describe the filing procedure as long as such procedure names the parties involved in a public manner. The one who filed the Writ of Mandamus shall be called the “Petitioner” while the party it is filed against shall be called the “Respondent.” The Respondent shall be given at least one chance to respond to the Petition.

Section 8 - Merits for a Writ of Mandamus
The Writ of Mandamus is an extreme Writ. It can only be successful if the Respondent has failed to conduct a function of their office which they are either:
Required to perform, either by statute or Constitutional provision and
They have not performed it and
It affects the Petitioner, giving them standing to sue and
The denial of relief brings damage is present before a remedy through means of a civil suit can be made.
The first requirement shall not apply if the Respondent, in their discretion, denies performing the function due to compelling reason. A compelling reason cannot be based on policial, religious, sexual or ethnic discrimination and it cannot be arbitrary and capricious.

Section 9 - Substances
All Writs of Mandamus are required to be substantive in evidence and in law. A Writ of Mandamus cannot be issued for a questionable point of law, notwithstanding an attached Declaratory Judgement. The High Court has full discretion on the procedures on any joint filing of a Declaratory Judgement and Writ of Mandamus.

Section 10 - Violations
Should any official violate a Writ of Mandamus they shall be subject to a suspension left up to High Court however no suspension shall affect those functions protected under an exception in this article and no suspension shall last longer than half a term of that official. Violating a Writ of Mandamus can be an impeachable offense.

Section 1 - Preamble
The Writ of Quo Warranto shall be a Court order mandating the end of the attempt to execute powers of office a person does not hold and or to invalidate a person from office.

Section 2 - Procedures to file
The High Court shall have the discretion to the procedures of filing a Writ of Quo Warranto as long as the parties involved at publically named and the filer is called the “Petitioner” while the person it is issued against is called the “Respondent.” The Respondent shall be given at least one chance to respond to the Petition.

Section 3 - Merits of a Writ of Quo Warranto
Because of the power of this Writ, for a petition to be successful the following criteria must be met.
1) A person is attempting to perform the functions of an office and
2) They are not the holders of that office.
And or
1) A person is a recognized holder of an office but
2) They are not able to hold that office due to either;
3) An invalid election,
4) Improper filing for an election,
5) Lack or Loss of Citizenship,
6) Violating L.R. 003 Section 1 Article 1 where the old office is superseded by the new office
7) Violating L.R. 003 Section 1 Article 5
However;
1) All Petitioners must have the standing to sue and
2) The denial of relief brings damage before a remedy through the means of a civil suit can be made

Section 4 - Substances
All Writs of Quo Warranto require substantive evidence and in law. A Writ of Quo Warranto may not be granted for questionable points of law and in fact notwithstanding an attached Declaratory Judgement. The High Court shall have full discretion over any filings of a joint Writ of Quo Warranto and Declaratory Judgement.

Section 5 - Violations
Should any person violate a Writ of Quo Warranto they shall be subject to prosecution. The punishment for violating a Writ of Quo Warranto is at the discretion of the Court. There are no set limitations on the discretion of the Court in this statute however this statute does not nullify L.R. 003 Section 3 Article 2 Sub Section 2 or any other statute limiting punishments in general.

Section 1 - Residency requirements
All Writs aforementioned must be filed by Residents and or Citizens of the New Western Empire.

Regional History Preservation Act (L.R. 023)
AUTHOR:Hulldom
SPONSORS:Hulldom

Seeing as valuable regional history can be lost when it comes to election results, government documents and reports, messages in the Discord and regional RMB, and other vital parts that form the record of the New Western Empire's existence....

Section 1: Hereby creates the Office of the Archivist as a deputy directorate under the Department of the Interior.

Section 1: Under the terms of this act, the Office of the Archivist will be led by the Archivist.

Section 2: The Archivist will be appointed by the Director of the Interior and serves at the pleasure of said official.

Section 1: The Archivist will employ techniques such as Google Docs, Factbooks on NS, and other methods as said official sees fit to preserve election results, messages sent in the RMB, and government documents and reports.

Section 2: In addition, the Archivist will allow the archive of their preservations to be open to the general viewing public of the New Western Empire and other interested persons.

INN Charter Act v.II (L.R. 024)
AUTHOR: Josephtan
SPONSOR: Hulldom

Due to the confusing wording and misunderstanding that cabinet positions are called departments in the Constitution. This bill will repeal and replace L.R 17.

Section 1: L.R 17 is hereby repealed.

Section 1: Inside of the Interior Department, the is State Media Agency is officially created.

Section 2: The Agency Head for State Media Agency shall be appointed directly by the Emperor and subject to confirmation by the Senate.

Section 3: The Senate can remove the Agency Head if said removal wins the approval of 3/5ths of the Senate constituted at that time.

Section 1: The head of this Department Agency shall be called the "State Media Chair". If they choose to appoint a deputy, their deputy shall be called "State Media Deputy Chair".

Section 2: This act hereby renews and establishes an Imperial State Media organization, the presently World Factbook Entry recognized Imperial News Network.

Section 3: The Imperial News Network shall have a site to be established and maintained (the site's link and dissemination of all articles/polls published) by the Chair of State Media.

Section 1: The appointed Chair of State Media will be allowed to seek contributors to the Imperial News Network.

Section 2: The structure of the Imperial News Network will be so:

Executive Officers: The persons responsible for running an organization.
Chair: Agency Head.
Deputy Chair: Deputy Agency Head.
Editor-in-chief: Head Editor.

Editors: Ensuring the quality of the content published/Contributors
Journalists: Contributors.
Design and content of The Imperial News NetworkIs to Chair discretion, and subject to the regulations under Article V.

Section 3: The Imperial News Network may establish Affiliate networks in other regions.

Section 1: As a result of the Imperial News Network being the official Imperial media outlet, Imperial News Network is required to take a non-partisan tone except when it pertains to opinion pieces.

Section 2: The Imperial News Network is also encouraged, under the terms of this charter, to take a monthly poll of partisan voting intentions in a hypothetical general election (as held today).

Section 3: The Imperial News Network is also encouraged to hold debates prior to elections for Senate and Prime Minister.

The Standing Orders Act (L.R. 025)
AUTHOR: Hulldom
SPONSOR: Hulldom

Seeing whereas the Imperial Senate of the New Western Empire does not have methods of procedure beyond the very basic and very vague, hereby adopts the following as the Standing Orders of the Imperial Senate of the New Western Empire. From passage, these Standing Orders shall serve as the rules and procedures governing debate, motions, and voting in the Imperial Senate.

Section 1-Pursuant to the passage of this bill, L.R. 2 shall be hereby repealed and its contents rendered null and void, without the effect of law.

Section 1-An elected Chancellor of the Imperial Senate of the New Western Empire may only be removed in the following events: conviction of a crime which requires an ejection or banning from the region as punishment, inactivity, or the loss of a vote of no confidence.

Subsection 1-In the event of an ejection or banning from the New Western Empire the Chancellor, the Senate Clerk shall be obliged to follow the procedures in Article 1 for the election of a new Chancellor.

Section 2-In the event of inactivity or the transmission of a resolution reading “...that this Senate has no confidence in Senator [nation]x[/nation] to serve as Chancellor”, a vote of confidence will be held.

Section 3-The Senate Clerk shall oversee a vote of No=Confidence in their role as an adjudicator and recordkeeper for the body of the Imperial Senate.

Section 4-The Senate Clerk shall allow for a minimum of 24 hours of debate on the Resolution of No Confidence and shall allow for 24 hours of voting on the Resolution of No-Confidence or until all Senators have voted, whichever comes the former.

Section 5-In a vote on a No-Confidence Resolution, the only valid voting options for a Senator shall be “Confidence”, “No Confidence”, or “Abstain”.

Subsection 1-Senators who do not vote on a No-Confidence Resolution will be listed according to the procedure outlined in Article 2, Section 2.

Section 1-For the purposes of an official registered vote, a member of the Imperial Senate may choose to vote “Aye” for the passage or carriage of a resolution, declaration, or motion, or in favor of a treaty or nomination; “Nay” for noting one does not give assent to the passage or carriage of a resolution, declaration, or motion, or does not approve of a treaty or nomination; “Abstain” for noting one’s neutrality or ambivalence on the passage or carriage of a resolution, declaration, or motion, or on a treaty or nomination.

Section 2-For the purposes of official record-keeping, all Senators who did not vote will be counted among registered Abstentions.

Section 3-Exceptions to this official voting procedure as provided in Article 1, Section 3 and Article 3, Section 3, Subsection 7 will apply in all instances where those are the matters before the Senate.

Section 4-A majority shall need to be reached on any and all votes mentioned throughout this legislation. For the purposes of this legislation, other than the constitutionally mandated 2/3 of Senators required for Impeachment, for a simple majority to be achieved passing a proposal into law, Aye must hold the highest number of votes more than either Nay or Abstain

It shall be in the purview of the Chancellor to decide what business the Senate takes up, however, the following are guidelines for the ordering of the business that the Chancellor shall be obligated to follow

Section 1-The Chancellor shall be obligated to take up all business of the Prime Minister and other Cabinet officials, including treaties, nominations, and declarations of war or incapacity, as privileged business.

Subsection 1-Privileged business shall mean that the business must be taken up within 5 days of the transmission of said business to the Chancellor.

Section 2-Privileged business shall be dealt with in the following manner: 24 hour non-extendable debate and a vote for a period not lasting more than 24 hours or until all Senators have voted.

Section 3-Resolutions of impeachment of an elected official of the Cabinet, the Courts, and the Senate shall be the second tier of business.

Subsection 1-The preliminary business of impeachment, gathering evidence and witnesses, and discussions as to rules governing the trial shall happen no later than 7 days from the transmission of Articles of Impeachment to the Chancellor by a member of the Senate or the Prime Minister.

Subsection 2-The business of impeachment shall be dealt with in the following manner: the passage of the rules stating the timeframe for the trial, witnesses, and evidence to be used, shall occur no fewer than 1 full day and no later than 5 full days from the introduction of Articles of Impeachment to the Senate.

Subsection 3-If, and only if, rules cannot be agreed to by the Senate, a motion to dismiss may be heard before the opening of the trial.

Subsection 4-If Subsection 3.3 need not apply, i.e. if rules are agreed to by the Senate, than the rules governing the trial will apply and the trial will proceed by those rules.

Subsection 5-At the end of an impeachment trial, the Chancellor, unless they in their personal capacity as a Senator are the subject of the Impeachment Resolution, shall initiate a vote lasting 24 hours or until all Senators have voted.

Subsection 6-In the event the Chancellor is the subject of the Impeachment Resolution, the power to initiate and record votes shall fall on the Deputy Chancellor.

Subsection 7-In the vote on an Impeachment Resolution, the three valid voting options for a Senator shall be “Guilty”, “Not Guilty”, or “Abstain”.

Subsection 8-In the event a Senator does not pass vote on an Impeachment Resolution, they will be counted according to the procedure outlined in Article 2, Section 2.

Subsection 9-In the event the Senate believes the offense which countenanced conviction and removal from office was incredibly egregious, it shall require a separate motion to bar the convicted official from holding or running for further public office.

Subsection 10-All resolutions which call for the impeachment of a member of Cabinet, a Senator, or a Justice, shall do the following:
- Explain all charges
- Provide evidence of what laws were broken
- Conclude with "....and this offense constitutes an egregious breach of the law of the Empire to the degree that [office][nation] ought be convicted and removed from their current office and station."

Section 4-Ordinary business such as bills presented by members, resolutions, amendments to the Constitution that are not initiated by the Executive, and amendments to previously passed legislation shall constitute the lowest priority level when it comes to business to be lain before
the Senate.

Subsection 1-Due to the ordinary nature of this business, the Chancellor shall initiate a minimum of 24 hours of debate on any one of the items initiated above before it may go to vote.

Subsection 2-All items that are not privileged, that is items not mentioned in any part of Article 4, Section 1, Article 6, Section 2, and Article 4, Section 3, shall be subject to a close of debate vote, to be known as “closure”.

Subsection 3-Closure shall constitute a period wherein the Senate votes on whether to close debate on an item mentioned in Section 4.

Subsection 4-On a motion of closure, the only valid options for a vote cast by a Senator are “Aye”, “Nay”, and “Abstain”.

Subsection 5-In the event a Senator fails to vote on a motion of closure, their vote shall be counted pursuant to the procedures outlined in Article 2, Section 2.

Subsection 6-If a motion of closure failures, the Chancellor shall seek the advice of the Senate as to the amount of time that should constitute further debate, which shall constitute no fewer than 6 hours.

Subsection 7-In the event a motion of closure succeeds, the Senate shall then vote on the passage of legislation for a period not lasting longer than 24 hours from the opening of the vote or until all Senators have voted on the legislation.

Subsection 8-The only valid options for a vote cast by a Senator on a piece of ordinary legislation are “Aye”, “Nay”, and “Abstain”.

Subsection 9-In the event a Senator fails to vote on the passage of an item mentioned in Article 2 their vote will be counted pursuant to the procedures outlined in Article 2, Section 2.

Section 5-In the event of an amendment to legislation beyond the correction of a grammatical, punctuation, linguistic, spelling, or numbering error, the Senate shall consider all amendments to said legislation prior to the passage of the legislation.

Section 6-All amendments to the Constitution of the New Western Empire must be considered as separate items of business, but shall follow the procedures pursuant to those outlined in Article 4, Section 4.

Section 1-During the course of the consideration of an item of privileged business, a Senator may move the following via Resolution which shall be considered privileged as part of current business:

Subsection 1-”...That this Senate does now meet in closed session” where Senators will be asked to access the private #senate-private-discussion channel on the New Western Empire Discord. All information shared and opinions established during the closed session shall not be made public unless a later act of the Senate authorizes it.

Section 2-During the course of the consideration of an Impeachment Resolution, a Senator may move the following via a simple statement, i.e. “I move that….”

Subsection 1-”...That this Senate do now meet in closed session”, which shall follow the
procedures pursuant to those outlined in Article 5, Section 1, Subsection 1.

Subsection 2-”...That this Senate dismiss the charge(s) and discharge the (insert part)
Resolution” will shall follow the voting procedures outlined in Article 4, Section 4.

Section 3-During the course of the consideration of business as discussed in Article 4, Section 4, a Senator may move the following via a simple statement, i.e. “I move that…”

Subsection 1-”...That this Senate close debate” will follow the procedures as discussed in Article 4, Section 4.

Subsection 2-”....That the Senate delay consideration of this matter” which shall be undertaken as a decision undertaken by the Chancellor.

Subsection 3-In the even that the Chancellor chooses that the Senate delay consideration of a matter, the Chancellor will be obliged to take up the matter after the next item of business as on the docket when the motion is made.

Section 4-A Senator may be ruled out of order and a motion dilatory if any of the above motions save for those motions in Article 4, Section 1, Subsection 1 or Article 4, Section 2, Subsection 1 are made immediately after the introduction of a piece of business.

Fair Campaign Act (L.R. 026)
Author: Tavalo
Sponsors: Tavalo

Recognizing the need for campaign ads in both the regional discord server and Regional Message Board to be closely monitored and filtered to ensure inflammatory material does not make light in the region.

Section 1- Campaign ads must contain relevant material to that election. As per the Constitution, joke campaigns are allowed, as long as their content does not infringe upon inappropriate material.
Section 2- Any inflammatory or inappropriate material of any kind will not be tolerated. If the ad’s author has any doubt that his/her campaign will be slightly offensive, they should consult with party management or regional officials.

Section 1- Campaign ads that serve solely as attack ads, or have elements of an attack ad, must remain civil. Attacks will only be made on candidate’s proposals and character (if relevant to the election). Vicious attacks that extend beyond normal mudslinging will be strictly prohibited, this includes attacks on candidate’s religion, gender, sexual orientation, etc.
Section 2- Spam ads will not be tolerated. Spam ads are classified as frequent ads (daily) that contain either inflammatory or insufficient information to the frustration of other members of the community.

Section 1- As stated earlier, some campaign ads will be treated on a case-by-case scenario depending on the particular election and campaign individuals.
Section 2- Authors who feel their ad may be misconstrued in any way have the right to speak to party leadership or regional officials who can advise them on what information to put or strike from their ads.
Section 3- Authors who feel that their ads were pulled for unjust reasons have the right to state their case with regional officials, as long as their argument is fair and reasonable.

Senate Procedures and Regulations Act (L.R. 28)

AUTHORS: The Evile Empire, Communaccord, Hulldom
SPONSOR: The Evile Empire

Recognizing that current procedures on the Senate are unnecessarily bureaucratic, the Senate hereby repeals and replaces L.R. 25.

Section 1: Repeal of L.R. 25.

Section 1 - L.R. 25 shall be repealed in its entirety.

Section 2: Procedures for Debating and Voting on Standard Bills, Amendments, and Activities

Section 1 - The Chancellor shall set an initial time frame for debate that neither exceeds 5 days, nor falls short of 24 hours, however, they may cut this time frame short if debate has stalled and it has been at least 24 hours since the bill was initially proposed.

Section 2 - The debate time should be stated in the post for the bill in addition to the message of notification on discord.

Section 3 - If it is not explicitly stated, the initial debate time shall be assumed to be 24 hours.

Section 4 - The Chancellor may, at any time, announce an extension to debate.

Section 1 - If the bill is amended, additional time may be added to the debate time up to the Chancellor’s discretion. If an amendment is proposed on the fifth day of debate, it may be extended to six, purely to discuss the amendment.

Section 2 - No further amendments may be made after the fifth day.

Section 1 - After 24 hours has passed, any senator may file a motion to end the debating period early. If this motion gets the support of 2/5 of senators, the chancellor shall open up the voting period.

Section 2 - If a senator feels that the Chancellor has untimely cut the debate time short, they may motion to extend the debate up to 36 hours. Their extension may not pass the five day limit. The Chancellor may accept a motion to extend debate without a vote being held, if not, it shall require the approval of an 2/5ths of the Senate

Section 3 - A motion will be formatted as:

Motion to extend/end debate
I motion to extend/end debate because _____

Section 4 - A motion must tag the Chancellor's nation.

Section 1 - The Chancellor shall set a voting period lasting between 24 hours and five days, depending on the urgency of the bill.

Section 2 - The voting period should be stated in the post for the bill in addition to the message of notification on discord.

Section 3 - The voting period shall be open until either a absolute majority has been reached or the deadline for voting has passed.

Section 4 - If the bill has failed to reach a majority by the end of the deadline, the Chancellor may extend the voting period by up to three days or close it.

Section 1 - If a Senator feels if the voting period was untimely cut short they may file a motion to extend the voting period by up to 36 hours.

Section 2 - The Chancellor may accept the motion, but if they do not, it shall require the approval of 2/5ths of the Senate.

Section 3 - A motion must tag the Chancellor's nation.

Section 1 - The Senate Clerk shall begin a debate period on the motion of No-Confidence which may last from 24 hours to 48 hours.

Section 2 - After the debate period the voting period shall open, which shall last from 24 to 48 hours or until a majority is secured either way.

Section 3 - The only valid voting options for Senators shall be Confidence or No Confidence.

Section 4 - Senators who do not vote on a No-Confidence Resolution will be considered to have missed a vote, which can be used for removal for inactivity.

Section 3: Procedures for Arrangement of Business

Section 1 - The Chancellor shall be obligated to take up all business of the Prime Minister and other Cabinet officials, including treaties, nominations, and declarations of war or incapacity, as privileged business. This means that the business must be taken up within 5 days of the transmission of said business to the Chancellor.

Section 2 - Privileged business consist of a 24 to 48 hour non-extendable debate and a vote for a period not lasting more than 24 to 48 hours or until a majority has been reached.

Section 1 - Resolutions of impeachment of an elected official of the Cabinet, the Courts, and the Senate shall be the second tier of business.

Section 2 - The preliminary business of impeachment, gathering evidence and witnesses, and discussions as to rules governing the trial shall happen no later than 7 days from the transmission of Articles of Impeachment to the Chancellor by a member of the Senate or the Prime Minister.

Section 3 - The business of impeachment shall be dealt with beginning with setting rules for procedures, of which the process of making must include the Chancellor and Shadow Chancellor. The rules must be agreed upon with a majority in the Senate.

Section 4 - At the end of an impeachment trial, the Chancellor, unless they in their personal capacity as a Senator are the subject of the Impeachment Resolution, in which case it shall be done by the Deputy or Shadow Chancellor, shall initiate a vote lasting 24 to 48 hours or until a majority has been reached.

Section 5 - In the vote on an Impeachment Resolution, the two valid voting options for a Senator shall be Guilty or Not Guilty.

Section 6 - Senators who do not vote on the Impeachment will be considered to have missed a vote, which can be used for removal for inactivity.

Section 7 - All resolutions which call for the impeachment of a member of Cabinet, a Senator, or a Justice, shall explain all charges and provide evidence of what laws were broken.

Section 1 - Ordinary business such as bills presented by members, resolutions, amendments to the Constitution that are not initiated by the Executive, and amendments to previously passed legislation shall constitute the lowest priority level when it comes to business to be lain before the Senate.

Section 2 - It shall follow the procedures outlined in Section 2.



Senate of the New Western Empire
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