President: Giordana Rosario
Founded: 14 June 1999
Refounded: 14 June 2015
Headquarters: Via della Spiaggia 13, Bizantina, Cristina
Membership: (2020) 57,096
Political position: Centre-left
Colours: Yellow, red
TEN Identification Color: Red
Seats in the National Council: 1/36
Seats in the Communal Council: 2/20
The PPC Combined a pro-labour and social democracy orientation with nationalism and populism. It support socialist militias during the Cristinese War of Independence opposing both Mantella and the pro-Korvini Monarchical Restoration Movement.
After Cristiinese self declaration of Independence in 2001, King Robert II and the restored Royal Electoral Tribunal allowed the PPC to register itself as a political party of the Kingdom of Cristina. The Cristinese Socialist Youth, founded in 2001, was originally called Labour Youth. Its name had been changed twice: in 1984, to Socialist Labour Youth, and then in 1985 to Cristinese Socialist Youth. The intention was to support the group that defended the participation of the party in some international socialist organisations as well as the change of the party's name to Socialist Party of Cristinese. The latter never happened.
The best result of the party in a national election for Minister of State was reached by historical leader Brizzo, with 17% of the votes in the first round of the 2001 general elections, placing Brizzo in the third place, after liberal UPC candidate Toni Minardi (2nd place) and conservative RPC candidate Andreas Maldomini (elected).
In the 2001 legislative elections, the party won 8 out of the 37 seats of the National Council and 5 out of the 20 seats of the Communal Council. Afterwards, it went into opposition to the national government of Mandomini, led by Brizzo and National Councillor Fernanda Collari.
In the general elections of January 2005, the party elected 6 national councillors and 5 communal councilors, earning more than 230.000 votes. In 2009 the party experienced slight gains, winning 7 seats in the National Council and 7 seats in the Communal Council.
In the 2013 elections, the party lost several seats in both national and city councils, but won the city prefecture. However, this governorship was later lost due to a corruption scandal in which Prefect Julio Minotti was caught on tape receiving bribery from private companies.
In 2014 some CPP leaders and intellectuals, such as Eloisa Hellene, Luciana Genri, Catarina Ricci and Gian Fonti were expelled from the Cristinese People's Party (PPC) after standing against the pension reform bill proposed by the party. They opposed the liberal decisions of the PPC and their polemic alliances with centre-right politicians, such as the former Ministers of State Stefano Moretti and Andreas Maldomini. Hellen and her colleagues founded the Socialism and Liberty party (SEL).
Leone Brizzo, PPC founder
The PPC began a process of self-examination. The resolution adopted at its 10th National Meeting in 2015 stated that "our 2013 and 2014 defeats invite a cruel reflection about our image in society, about the external impact of our internal battles, [and] about our ideological and political ambiguities". The move from self-examination did not involve a clean break with the past but in June 2015, the party leadership changed to Mario Letti and PPC was refounded and adopted its current name. Brizzo died in the same year, after a difficult battle against an aggressive lymphoma since 2014.
The NPP and the SEL have a rivalry for the leadership of Cristinese left on the local level. They became uneasy allies on the national level since the 2017 general elections. The NPP elected only one national councillor, Giordana Rosario and 2 communal councilors, the worst results in the party's history.
Although PPC deliberately never identified itself with a particular brand of leftism, the NPP nevertheless defined itself as socialist and espoused many radical positions, including opposition to the Cristinese monarchy. It advocated nationalization of the country's banks and a radical urban land reform.
By 2017, the National Meeting resolution redefined NPP's version of socialism as a "democratic revolution", emphasizing a political rather than economic vision of socialism that aimed to make the state "more transparent and socially accountable".
Mario Letti, party leader from 2015 to 2017
Over the last two years, the party moderated a bit under the leadership of Rosario, cutting socialist proposals and even the mention of a transition to a socialist society, but the party's self-definition remained highly ambiguous as the resolution from the party's Meeting of 2019 affirmed that Rosario's platform "should not be confused with the socialist program of NPP". Thus, while NPP had begun to distance itself from its original socialist rhetoric and proposals, a clearer shift did not occur.
The party is organized in national and municipal directories and also in cooperational social movements, such as the Black Movement, the Labour Woman Association, the Labour Syndicate Union, the Socialist Youth and the Green Labour Movement. Its national directory is composed of over 175 members, while its national executive is composed of 15 members. The cooperational social movements have their own statutes and nationwide organisation.
Important party leaders
• Leone Brizzo (1999–2013), the brother-in-law of the extinct Bizantino Labour Movement president Gian Goullari, Brizzo formed the Cristinese People's Party in 1999 in an attempt to reorganize the left-wing of the country after the last Mantellan sponsored Mayor Paolo Fredericci brought an end to the political persecution of the left.
• Fernanda Collari (2014), an anthropologist, one of the founders of the New University of Sabatini.
• Mario Letti (2015-2017), lawyer, journalist and politician, communal councillor for Santo Cristo Ward from 2013 to 2016.
• Giordana Rosario, sociologist and politician, national councillor since 2017 and current party leader.
In 1968 Rosario started working in an automobile factory in Modena as a worker, remaining there until 1982. In these years she was a trade union delegate in the Confederazione Generale Mantellana del Lavoro (CGML).
In her city, Corolla, she was promoter of the Mantella-Rennd Association and of the Association for Peace and was also responsible for cultural activities and vice-president of the Socialist Club. She was therefore elected municipal councilor for the Mantellan Communist Party in the municipality of Cristina and appointed assessor for culture until 1988 when all left-wing parties were extinct during the New Republican Reform in Mantella.
Rosario earned a bachelor's degree in Social Sciences from National University of Cristina (today Royal University of Cristina) in 1990, from where she also earned a Master's and a Doctorate in Sociology.
In 1991 Rosario joined the clandestine Communist Refoundation Movement, of which she became regional secretary for Cristina in 1993. In 1995 she was elected to the national secretariat of the movement, where she remained until 1998 when she went to help Leone Brizzo and other colleagues to found the Cristinese People's Party (PPC).
In the early years of PPC she held the position of national treasurer. In 2005 she was elected communal councilor, but she was not re-confirmed in the 2009 general election. In the 2013 general election she was candidate to the National Council, without being elected. After the creation of Socialism and Liberty party in 2014 and the death of Brizzo in 2015, she and Mario Letti led the reformulation of the PPC and refounded the party as the current NPP.
She was the only one NPP candidate to be elected national councilor in the 2017 general election. On 1 June 2017, after the resignation of Letti as party leader, Rosario was appointed president of the NPP.