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Kimloon - Wiki

[floatright][box][center][b]Nation of Kimloon
Kinryū-koku  • Jīnlóng-guó[/b]


Coat of arms

[b]Motto: [/b]"New Spirit"
Shin Seishin  • Xīn Jīngshén

[b]Anthem: [/b]"New Spirit"
Shin Seishin  • Xīn Jīngshén


[b]Population:[/b] 9,000
[b]-Density:[/b] 6,338/sq mi 

[b]Capital:[/b] Kimloon (city-state)
[b]Largest PA:[/b] Central Ikeshima

[b]Official Language:[/b] English  • Japanese  • Chinese
[b]Official Scripts:[/b] Latin  • Kyūjitai  • Kana  • Hanzi
[b]Ethnic Groups:[/b]
50.1% Japanese
41.1% Chinese
8.8% other
[b]Demonym:[/b] Kimloonese

[b]Government:[/b] Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
- Monarch: Elizabeth II
- Governor General: Sir Yukio Iwai
- Prime Minister: Ma Chen-ying

[b]Legislature[/b]: Parliament

[b]Establishment:[/b] from the United Kingdom
• Independence of Kimloon 27 December 2017

[b]Land Area:[/b] 	1.42 km2 (0.55 sq mi)
Water Area: km²
Water %:

Highest Point:
Lowest Point:

[b]GDP (nominal):[/b]
[b]GDP (nominal) per capita:[/b]

[b]Human Development Index (NS Version):[/b]

[b]Currency:[/b] Kimloon yen (KLY)

[b]Time Zone:[/b] KLST (UTC+9)

[b]Drives on the:[/b] left

[b]Calling code:[/b] +81

[b]Internet TLD:[/b] .kl  • .金龍

Kimloon, officially the Nation of Kimloon and formerly known as Ikeshima, is a sovereign city-state and island microstate in East Asia subregion. It lies on the southernmost tip of the Japanese archipelago, with the Ryukyu Islands to the southeast. The country's neighbours include Japan to the northeast and southeast, South Korea to the northwest, and China to the west. Kimloon's territory consists of the main inhabited island with its surrounding uninhabited islands. Since independence, extensive land reclamation has increased, and its greening policy has covered the densely populated island with tropical flora, parks and gardens.

The country is a multiethnic society encompassing a variety of cultures, languages, and religions from China and Japan. Its pluralistic makeup is reflected in the constitution's recognition of three official languages. One of these languages are of European origin: English is commonly used in public and commercial life, although Japanese is spoken as the native tongue by just over half of the Kimloonese people, with 50.1% of the population using it as their home language. The country is often considered the "Rainbow Micronation" to describe Kimloon's multicultural diversity. Kimloon is one of the few in Asia never to have had a coup d'état, and regular elections have been held since the establishment of the country.

The government system is modelled on the Westminster parliamentary system and the legal system is based on common law. Queen Elizabeth II is the country's head of state and is represented by a governor-general, currently Sir Yukio Iwai. The monarchy is mostly ceremonial and de facto executive authority is exercised by the Cabinet, led by the Prime Minister, who is currently Ma Chen-ying. The Kimloon Independence Party has won every election since independence in December 2017. The dominance of the KIP, coupled with a low level of press freedom and restrictions on civil liberties and political rights, has led to Kimloon being classified by some as a semi-authoritarian regime.

[url=INSERT-FACTBOOK-URL#Ety]1 Etymology[/url]
[url=INSERT-FACTBOOK-URL#Hist]2 History[/url]
[url=INSERT-FACTBOOK-URL#Geo]3 Geography[/url]
[url=INSERT-FACTBOOK-URL#Demo]4 Demographics[/url]
[url=INSERT-FACTBOOK-URL#Pop]4.1 Population[/url]
[url=INSERT-FACTBOOK-URL#Lan]4.2 Language[/url]
[url=INSERT-FACTBOOK-URL#Reli]4.3 Race[/url]
[url=INSERT-FACTBOOK-URL#City]4.4 Largest Cities[/url]
[url=INSERT-FACTBOOK-URL#Govt]5 Government[/url]
[url=INSERT-FACTBOOK-URL#FRM]5.1 Foreign Relations and Military[/url]
[url=INSERT-FACTBOOK-URL#Econ]6 Economy[/url]
[url=INSERT-FACTBOOK-URL#Cult]7 Culture[/url]
[url=INSERT-FACTBOOK-URL#Infra]8 Infrastructure[/url]
[url=INSERT-FACTBOOK-URL#Energy]8.1 Energy[/url]

The source of the romanised name is not known, but it is generally believed to be an early imprecise phonetic rendering of the spoken Hokkien pronunciation of 金龍 (Hokkien: kim liông). The Sino-Japanese word for Kimloon is 金龍, which is pronounced Kinryū in Japanese and Jīnlóng in Chinese which literally means "the Golden Dragon". The character 金 (Japanese: kin; Chinese: jīn) means "gold"; 龍 (Japanese: ryū; Chinese: lóng) means "dragon". The compound therefore means "Golden Dragon" and is the source of the popular Western epithet "Land of the Golden Dragon".

Before independence, the largest island was known by the Japanese name "Ikeshima" (Japanese: 池島), when it was part of Nagasaki in Japan. The Ikeshima was dramatically transformed in 1959 upon the discovery of an abundance of coal beneath its surrounding waters, until it became increasingly abandoned in 2001. In 2017, the island and its surrounding islets became unified as one independent city-state under the name "Kimloon".

The official name of the modern state is the "Nation of Kimloon" (金龍國; Japanese: Kinryū-koku; Chinese: Jīnlóng-guó).

Kimloon was first inhabited by the Japanese with the population of approximately 300 people, as part of Nagasaki. A small fishing village set in a secluded harbor, Nagasaki had little historical significance until contact with Portuguese explorers in 1543. The little harbor village quickly grew into a diverse port city, and Portuguese products imported through Nagasaki (such as tobacco, bread, textiles and a Portuguese sponge-cake called castellas) were assimilated into popular Japanese culture; one of Kimloon's popular dishes today. The Portuguese also brought with them many goods from China.

The Tōjinyashiki (唐人屋敷) or Chinese Factory was also an important conduit for Chinese goods and information for the Japanese market. Various colourful Chinese merchants and artists sailed between the Chinese mainland and Nagasaki-controlled Kimloon. Some actually combined the roles of merchant and artist such as 18th century Yi Hai. It is believed that as much as one-third of the population at this time may have been Chinese.

During the Boshin War, the United Kingdom, then known as Great Britain or the British Empire, demanded Ikeshima island and the surrounding islands as not only a base for their naval operations in the Pacific Ocean, but as a mean to easily supply and move troops and other equipment near and around the Japanese archipelago. With the Meiji Restoration in Japan, Japan opened its doors once again to foreign trade and diplomatic relations. This created a huge economic boom for the small island as trade going between Britain, Japan, China, Korea, and other nations all stopped in Kinloon to offload cargo, take on fuel, and make transactions. Kimloon was even called the "Hub of the Pacific".

During the 1930s and until the end of the Second World War, Malaysian, Australian, British, and Chinese migrant workers worked the Ikeshima dockyard, working in the underground mines and their tunnels, or helped expand the area islands by moving and setting boulders, bricks, and other land reclamation material.

After the Second World War, engineers and geologists and technicians from many companies began buying up the island; to this day it still owns more than half of it. The tiny island of then known as Ikeshima was dramatically transformed in 1959 upon the discovery of an abundance of coal beneath its surrounding waters. A large underground mine was developed along with several factories and living quarters which catered to the islands bustling population. Since its 1970 zenith, the island, four kilometres in circumference, is home to some 9,000 people. The population is mostly made up of miners, their families, and the tradespeople that feed off them in symbiosis, making it one of the most densely populated places on earth. 

The Ikeshima’s 300-meter-deep mine is sometimes opened for tourist groups when not operating and the island had seen a small numbers of people visiting the island , which have steadily increased over the years.







The population of Kimloon is almost evenly split between Japanese and Chinese inhabitants. Although, 8.8% of the population are migrant workers, tourists, or foreign dignitaries. These mostly come from other fellow U.N. member states or other Commonwealth nations.





[u][b][anchor=City]Largest Cities[/anchor][/b][/u]
[table][tr][td]Rank[/td][td]City[/td][td]Metro area population[/td][td]State[/td][/tr]

Kimloon is a parliamentary constitutional monarchy with a Westminster system of unicameral parliamentary government representing constituencies. Elizabeth II is the Queen of Kimloon and the head of state, her reign in Kimloon is unrecognised by herself. The Queen is represented by the Governor-General, whom is appointed by the cabinet. The Governor-General can exercise the Crown's prerogative powers, such as reviewing cases of injustice and making appointments of ministers, ambassadors and other key public officials, and in rare situations, the reserve powers (e.g. the power to dissolve Parliament or refuse the Royal Assent of a bill into law). The powers of the Queen and the Governor-General are limited by constitutional constraints and they cannot normally be exercised without the advice of ministers.

The Parliament of Kimloon holds legislative power. The supremacy of Parliament, over the Crown and other government institutions, was established in England by the Bill of Rights 1689 and has been ratified as law in Kimloon. The Parliament is democratically elected and a government is formed from the party or coalition with the majority of seats. If no majority is formed, a minority government can be formed if support from other parties during confidence and supply votes is assured. The Governor-General appoints ministers under advice from the Prime Minister, who is by convention the parliamentary leader of the governing party or coalition. The Cabinet, formed by ministers and led by the Prime Minister, is the highest policy-making body in government and responsible for deciding significant government actions. Members of Cabinet make major decisions collectively, and are therefore collectively responsible for the consequences of these decisions. A parliamentary general election must be called no later than three years after the previous election. Almost all general elections since 2017 were held under the first-past-the-post voting system.

The legal system of Kimloon is based on English common law, but with substantial local differences. Kimloon's judiciary, headed by the Chief Justice, includes the Supreme Court, Court of Appeal, the High Court, and subordinate courts. Judges and judicial officers are appointed non-politically and under strict rules regarding tenure to help maintain judicial independence. This theoretically allows the judiciary to interpret the law based solely on the legislation enacted by Parliament without other influences on their decisions. Kimloon has penalties that include judicial corporal punishment in the form of caning, which may be imposed for such offences as rape, rioting, vandalism, and certain immigration offences. There is punishment such as external exile for murder, as well as for certain aggravated drug-trafficking and firearms offences.

Kimloon's unique combination of a strong almost authoritarian government with an emphasis on meritocracy and good governance is known as the "Kimloon example", and is regarded as a key factor behind Kimloon's political stability, economic growth, and harmonious social order. All public gatherings of five or more people require police permits, and protests may legally be held only at the Speakers' Corner.

[b][u][anchor=FRM]Foreign Relations and Military[/anchor][/b][/u]




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