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by The Cultured Thugs of Fascist Intellectuals. . 45 reads.

Fascist Speeches v.iii


Italy, Rise To Empire!

BENITO MUSSOLINI

Black Shirts of the revolution! Men and women of all Italy! Italians spread throughout the world, beyond the mountains and beyond the seas! Hear me! A solemn hour is about to sound in the history of the fatherland. At this moment twenty million men occupy the public squares of all Italy.
It is the greatest demonstration that history records. Twenty million men, but with one heart, one will, one decision.

This manifestation signifies that the tie between Italy and Fascism constitutes a perfect, absolute, unalterable identity. Only brains softened by puerile illusions, by sheer ignorance, can think differently, because they do not know what exactly is the Fascist Italy of 1935.
For many months the wheels of destiny have been moving toward their goal under the impulse of our calm determination. In the latter hours their rhythm has become more swift and by now cannot be stopped. It is not only an army marching towards its goals, but it is forty-four million Italians marching in unity behind this army. Because the blackest of injustices is being attempted against them, that of taking from their place in the sun.
When in 1915 Italy exposed itself to the risks of war and joined its destiny with that of the Allies, how much praise and admiration was there for our courage and how many promises were made! But after the common victory to which Italy had made the supreme contribution of 670,000 dead, 400,000 mutilated, and a million wounded, around the hateful peace table Italy received but a few crumbs from the rich colonial booty gathered by others.

For thirteen years we have been patient while the circle of selfishness that strangles our vitality tightened at the hands of those who wish to suffocate us. We have been patient with Ethiopia for forty years. It is time to proclaim 'Enough!'
Instead of recognizing the rights of Italy, the League of Nations dares to believe that the true and generous people of France will join in supporting sanctions against Italy. Six hundred thousand dead whose devotion was so heroic that the enemy commander justly admired them those fallen would now turn in their graves.

And until there is proof to the contrary, I refuse to believe that the true people of Great Britain, who have never had discords with Italy, are prepared to run the risk of hurling Europe down the road to catastrophe for the sake of defending an African country universally branded as a country without the slightest shadow of civilization.

Nevertheless, we cannot afford to overlook the possible developments of tomorrow. To economic sanctions, we shall answer with our discipline, our spirit of sacrifice, our obedience. To military sanctions, we shall answer with military measures. To acts of war, we shall answer with acts of war.
Let no one think that he can make us yield without a arduous struggle. A people worthy of their past and their name cannot and never will take a any other stance.

But let it be said once more and in the most categorical manner and at this moment I make before you a sacred pledge that we shall do all that is possible to prevent this conflict of a colonial character from assuming the nature and scope of a European war. That might be desired by those who seek to avenge their fallen temples through this new catastrophe, but not by us.

Never before as in this historical epoch have the Italian people revealed the quality of their spirit and the force of their character. And it is against this people to whom mankind owes some of its greatest conquests, this people of heroes, of poets and saints, of artists, of explorers and emigrants. It is against this people that the world dares speak of sanctions.
Italy, proletarian and Fascist! The Italy of Vittorio Veneto! The Italy of the Black Shirt revolution, rise to your feet! Let the cry of your determination carry to the heavens and reach the ears of our soldiers in East Africa. Let it be a comfort to those who are about to fight. Let it be an encouragement to our friends and a warning to our enemies. It is the cry of Italy which goes beyond the mountains and the seas out into the great world. It is the cry of justice and victory!


The Achievements of The Fascist Revolution

BENITO MUSSOLINI

This, the first quinquennial assembly of the regime, is a new and unprecedented event in the history of Italy and the world. [...] It is an assembly because it brings together all the vital and productive forces of national society, all the men who carry out specific responsibilities and functions at the top of the hierarchies and converge on a sole objective.
The new electoral law, which is the logical and legitimate consequence of the profound constitutional transformation of the State and the creation of new corporative institutions, has worked excellently. The new Chamber is formed via a two-stage process of selection and its ratification by the people. Gone for good is the depressing succession of deceptions, frauds, and acts of violence which inevitably accompanied the so-called electoral campaigns of the past: the election itself has been abolished. People now vote for an idea, for a regime, not for men.

A nation exists only insofar as it is a people. A people rises only insofar as it has a healthy birth-rate, is industrious, and is disciplined. Power is the product of these three basic factors. We need to start applying them at the beginning of each life. This is the function of a newly created organization which typifies the regime: the National Agency for Maternity and Infancy. [...]
The whole educational system in Italy is pervaded by the spirit of the victorious war and of the Fascist revolution. Alongside the schools, and complementing them, youth is organized into the Balilla and Avangaurdisti, the hope and pride of the Fatherland.

The employed are integrated within the institutions of the regime: syndicalism and corporatism enable the whole nation to be organized. The system is based on the legal recognition of professional unions, on collective contracts, on the prohibition of strikes and lock-outs, on the Charter of Labour (a fundamental document the importance of whose provisions will come to be appreciated more and more), on the Magistrature of Labour. It is one which has already borne fruit. Labour and capital have ceased to consider their antagonism an inexorable fact of history: the conflicts which inevitably arise are solved peacefully thanks to an increasing degree of conscious class collaboration. The social legislation of Italy is the most advanced in the world: it ranges from the law on the eight-hour day to compulsory insurance against tuberculosis. [...]
Communications in Italy have in the last few years made impressive progress. [...] The malaise of the past is no more. For the regime north and south do not exist: only Italyhh exists and the Italian people. Squadrismo became the Militia and every trace of squadrismo disappeared. Efficient armed forces and sound finances are the precondition for the foreign policy of a State.

Let us remember that Italy's energies are totally absorbed in the effort to create new institutions, a new type of civilization which reconciles traditions with modernity, progress with faith, the machine with the spirit, and which synthesizes the thought and advances of two centuries. This Italy does not want to distrub the peace, but is ready to defend its interests in any part of the world.

This portrait of everything the regime has achieved for the State and the people is far from complete. There are other spheres of activity to be remembered: the promotion of sport and physical education, with stadiums and gymnasiums built on a scale not unworthy of ancient Rome; the Dopolavoro, the full range of artistic spectacles, no longer left to individuals or groups, but instituted by law; the renewed dignity of our greatest theaters, the restoration and rediscovery of ancient remains which bear witness to the marvelous history which, both before and after Christ, is the history of Rome.

Rome had to be the capitol of a resurrected Italy, [...] but the fatal conclusion of the first phase of the Risorgimento brought about a deep division which ever since 1870 has tormented the conscience of Italians. This division, a true thorn in the side of the nation, has been healed with pacts of 11 February, even-handed and precise pacts which create between Italy and the Holly See a situation not of confusion or hypocrisy, but of differentiation and loyalty. I think that it is far from absurd to maintain that only in a regime based on this Concordat can the logical, normal, healthy separation between Church and State become a reality, thus declining clearly the tasks and functions of each.

Each has its own rights, its own duties, its own authority, its own sphere of competence. Only ion this premiss can the two collaborate on certain issues on the basis of their own sovereignty.

The peace between the Quirinal and the Vatican is an event of supreme importance, not only for Italy, but for the world. For Italians, it is enough to remember that on 11 February 1929, the Kingdom of Italy, ruled over by the House of Savoy and with Rome as the capitol of the Italian State, was finally and solemnly recognized by the Supreme Pontiff.

{The assembly rises to its feet and applauds at length}

It is the incontestable merit of Fascism to have given Italians a sense of State. All our achievements which we have summarized to you today fade in comparison with what we have achieved by creating the State. For Fascism, the State is not a 'night-watchman' which merely concerns itself with the personal security of its citizens. Nor is it an organization with a purely material end, such as that of guaranteeing a certain level of well-being and of relative social harmony, which could be achieved simply through an executive council; nor has it been created as a purely political entity, completely unconnected with the complex, ever-changing reality of individuals and peoples.

The State, as Fascism conceives and actualized it, is a spiritual and moral entity, because it is the concrete political, juridic, and economic organization of the nation. This organization has emerged and continues to develop as a manifestation of the spirit. The State is the guarantor of internal and external security, but it also safeguards and perpetuates the spirit of the people as it has evolved over the centuries in language, customs, and faith.
The State is not only present, but past and, above all, future. It is the State which transcending the brief limits of individual lives, embodies the conscience of the nation. It is the State which, in Italy, is subsumed and elevated in the House of Savoy, and in the sacred august person of the king.

The forms in which States express themselves change, but the necessity for the State remains. It is the State which teaches its citizens civil virtues; makes them aware of their mission; calls upon them to be united; harmonizes their interests through justice; enables men to progress from the elemental life of the tribe to the highest expression of human power, which is empire; immortalizes the names of those who died to defend its integrity or obey its laws; holds up as an example for future generations the military leaders who increased its territory, or the geniuses who enhance its glory.

{Enthusiastic applause}

When the sense of State declines and disintegrating, centrifugal pressures exerted by individuals or groups prevail, national societies are destined to decline. Can you doubt the future having heard this account of what has been accomplished, (No! No!), having heard the doctrinal principles to which we will adhere? You can have no such doubts and nor can the Italian people to whom you convey your impression of this great assembly.

When we meet in Rome five years hence, the report on the regime's achievements will be even fuller than today's. It is with this certainty that you and the people will vote 'yes.' The short monosyllable will show the world that Italy is Fascist and Fascism is Italy.

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