by Max Barry

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Sheepiania wrote:While I disagree that unanimous consent cannot be used, I see nothing to gain in defending it. Time is up, we shall proceed to vote.
All in favor: Yea
All opposed: Nay

1 day or until all votes are cast within that time. Go vote

In the Parliament Procedures Act, we should do a default time for these votes.
Also, the person responsible for calling the vote should be required to telegram those that should be voting, since tagging is often ineffective.

Republic of Mesque wrote:In the Parliament Procedures Act, we should do a default time for these votes.
Also, the person responsible for calling the vote should be required to telegram those that should be voting, since tagging is often ineffective.

First we need a PPAÖ and Iím still waiting for that to come about. I can propose one if necessary, but I figured others might like to do that.

I was going to tag, but I forgot: Sargk
Communist Lukania
France Europe
Go vote

Yea
Sargk also supports the nomination of Nova Tyrnavia for Judge.

I vote FOR the nomination of Nova Tyrnavia.

A simple majority has been achieved, Nova Tyrnavia has been appointed judge by the Senate.

Republic of Mesque wrote:France Europe
Sheepiania
Sargk
Communist Lukania
We support the nomination of Nova Tyrnavia for Judge

No comment / abstaining.

Yea

Vote concludes, mesque said all that had to be said.

We need someone to move a parliamentary procedures act. If no one is going to do it, I will here in a couple days.

France Europe
Republic of Mesque
Communist Lukania
Sargk

Sheepiania wrote:We need someone to move a parliamentary procedures act. If no one is going to do it, I will here in a couple days.

France Europe
Republic of Mesque
Communist Lukania
Sargk

I can work on it too, but anyway it's not a problem if in the end the final draft is made of ideas from several people, on the contrary. Also, because this bill will play a very important role in shaping the functioning of our institutions, it is important to have debates, and for everyone in the Senate AND in the Assembly to be able to comment, suggest and give their opinion.

Sheepiania wrote:We need someone to move a parliamentary procedures act. If no one is going to do it, I will here in a couple days.

France Europe
Republic of Mesque
Communist Lukania
Sargk

I don't want to sound stupid but I guess I'll have to: What is the Parliamentary Procedures Act and what are the details behind it? Could you send me maybe a Factbook, if one exists and I could add something on top of it but at the moment I'm still not sure what it's all about.
Is it an act to determine how stuff will be handled on the future("Parliamentary Procedures") or is it something different?

France Europe wrote:I can work on it too, but anyway it's not a problem if in the end the final draft is made of ideas from several people, on the contrary. Also, because this bill will play a very important role in shaping the functioning of our institutions, it is important to have debates, and for everyone in the Senate AND in the Assembly to be able to comment, suggest and give their opinion.

Yes, but to have debates we first need a motion, and probably a first draft, from someone and we havenít had anything.

Sargk wrote:I don't want to sound stupid but I guess I'll have to: What is the Parliamentary Procedures Act and what are the details behind it? Could you send me maybe a Factbook, if one exists and I could add something on top of it but at the moment I'm still not sure what it's all about.
Is it an act to determine how stuff will be handled on the future("Parliamentary Procedures") or is it something different?

It is basically standing rules if that helps anything.

Sargk wrote:I don't want to sound stupid but I guess I'll have to: What is the Parliamentary Procedures Act and what are the details behind it? Could you send me maybe a Factbook, if one exists and I could add something on top of it but at the moment I'm still not sure what it's all about.
Is it an act to determine how stuff will be handled on the future("Parliamentary Procedures") or is it something different?

Read the ďAdoption of a lawĒ section of the Constitution then youíll understand why it needs a reform.
Basically itís full of ambiguities and inconsistencies that allow for multiple interpretations by different parts of the judiciary. It also doesnít set anyone responsible for opening debate, nor does it guide the government in calling for a vote, halting such vote, and determine if a debate has been appropriate, so the judges can deem that the discussion was sufficient and the bill wasnít ďrushedĒ or ďforced throughĒ.

I am going to be busy this week, so I cannot participate in the senate.

Sargk wrote:I don't want to sound stupid but I guess I'll have to: What is the Parliamentary Procedures Act and what are the details behind it? Could you send me maybe a Factbook, if one exists and I could add something on top of it but at the moment I'm still not sure what it's all about.
Is it an act to determine how stuff will be handled on the future("Parliamentary Procedures") or is it something different?

We want to pass a law that regulates the procedures to legislate and on how the parliament precisely works, in order to establish clear procedures, adapted to all situations and not open to dispute.

I have started working on a draft, which of course is highly imperfect and is intended to be modified:

Title: Institutional Act on the regulation of legislative procedures in Parliament
Alternate Title: Parliament Procedures Act

Article 1: Responsibility and Introduction of Bills

1. Members of the Regional Assembly, consisting of members of the government, Senators, members of the Supreme Court, and members of the region as defined by the constitution, shall initiate legislation in the region.
2. The introduction of a law before Parliament shall take form of a post in the regional RMB, with a dispatch containing the full text of the law. It is possible to informally publish draft legislation in order to develop the law in a collaborative manner before formal introduction in Parliament. The government may hold the right to discuss bills it initiates in the Council of Ministers before they are formally introduced in Parliament.
3. Any member of the Regional Assembly may introducte a law in Parliament. The member introducing the bill is called the rapporteur of the bill. Bills introduced by a member of the government shall have the government as rapporteur.
4. Parliament can legislate on four types of legislation:

    a) Constitutional amendments, to add, repeal or edit articles or clauses in the Constitution. They are particularly important and must be treated with care by lawmakers;
    b) Institutional laws, which organize the functioning of the institutions in a more precise way, in completion of the Constitution. These laws have a special status.;
    c) Laws, which include all legislation within the area of competence of the Parliament apart from constitutional amendments and institutional laws.
    d) Treaties, setting the region's relations with other regions or political entities.

5. The rapporteur must specify the type of legislation they are introducing in Parliament. The Chairman of the Senate may correct the status of the legislation if they find it inadequate. In case of disagreement, the rapporteur may refer the matter to the Supreme Court so that it may decide on the status of the text in view of its content and legality. The rapporteur may also specify the requested debate time.
6. Foreign affairs are the reserved domain of the government. Only the government shall be allowed to introduce treaties in Parliament, after eventual talks and agreements with foreign dignitaries.
7. Every bill must be introduced with an official title, mentioning its status, optionally with an alternative title. Bills can be divided into three levels:

    - Articles (mandatory): every bill must consist of one or several articles, written 'Article' followed by the number, mandatory.
    - Sections (optional): every section, unless it is unique in the bill, must have a title. An article can be divided into several sections, written only with their number and title, mandatory.
    - Clauses (mandatory): every article and section must contain clauses, which constitute the actual statement of the law. Clauses must be written in sentences, and may contain lists, numbered or not.

8. Amendments and repeals of legislation are subject to the same rules as other bills.

Article 2: Senate motions

1. Senators may pass internal Senate motions in cases specified by the law. They are legally binding but they are not regional law.
2. Senate motions shall be published in the RMB of the Regional Senate. They shall be numbered with the year and motion number in the ongoing year, and preceded by 'SM': SM-YYYY-NNN.
3. There shall be two types of motions:

    a) Voting motions shall be voted on by the Senators, upon submission of the motion, during a time period set by the submitter when submitting the motion. This time period must not exceed 48 hours.
    b) Petition motions require a certain amount of Senators supporting it to pass. The motion passes when the number of supports is reached. The submitter shall set a time period, after which the motion does not pass if the required number of supporters is not reached. This time period must not exceed 72 hours.

4. To vote for / support a motion, Senators must post the following in the Regional Senate RMB: 'Motion [motion number]: Yes'. Senate motions are not regional law.
5. Senate motions are not included in the queue of legislation (see 3. 2.) and can be adopted at any time in parallel with the legislative work.

Article 3: Processing and order of business

1. When a law is introduced in Parliament, it shall be recorded in the Regional Assembly business list, kept by the Founder and available to the public.
2. The Senate shall have its own queue of legislation, at the discretion of the Chairman of the Senate, changeable at any time, available to the public in a dispatch, pinned in the Regional Senate. Upon transition to a new Chairman of the Senate, the outgoing Chairman shall pass on the queue of legislation to the new Chairman, and a new dispatch shall be created by the new Chairman.
3. The Chairman of the Senate shall respect an order of priority when establishing the Senate queue of legislation, in compliance with the following rules:

    a) Nomination and impeachment procedures involving the Senate shall be first tier business.
    b) All business issued by the government, including bills, treaties, foreign affairs and defense matters shall be second tier business. The order of treatment of the business submitted by the government shall be decided by the Prime Minister, unless the latter grants it, in part or in full, to the Chairman of the Senate.
    c) All other legislative work, unless specified in the law, shall be third tier business.

4. Urgent business consists of prioritizing items of the Senate queue of legislation, over the rules set by clause 3. There are two procedures for assigning urgent business status to an item in the legislation queue:

    a) A Senate motion (petition motion), if supported by at least two thirds of the Senators, may assign urgent business status to an item. Senators may assign urgent status to several items, but each motion may only handle one item.
    b) The Prime Minister may decide to assign urgent business status to one or several items, wether they were introduced by the government or not. The Prime Minister's urgent business takes precedence over that of the Senators.

5. The Senate has exclusive rights to the legislative queue. The Regional Assembly business list is not a formal legislative queue, and the members of the Regional Assembly, except in situations explicitly mentioned in the law, cannot determine the order in which bills are processed.

Article 4: Senate examination of bills

1. The examination of bills is performed by the Senate, but members of the Regional Assembly may hold informal debates in parallel, which may also aim to advise the Senators.
2. When a bill reaches the top of the queue of legislation, either the rapporteur of the bill or the Chairman of the Senate shall start the examination of the bill by publish the bill in the Regional Senate RMB and open the debate. The Senator starting the examination of the bill must tag all other Senators.
3. The Chairman of the Senate shall have authority over debate time. If the Chairman of the Senate starts the examination of the bill, they shall set a debate time period. If the rapporteur starts the examination of the bill, they shall set the debate time period, but it may be modified once by the Chairman of the Senate. The Chairman of the Senate must not modify the debate time period for the purpose of ending the debate, setting a debate time period that would result in less than six hours of debate remaining after the modification. Once set or modified by the Chairman of the Senate, the debate time period may not be changed. The rapporteur and other Senators may advise the President of the Senate on the debate time period to be granted.
4. The debate time period for all bills shall neither fall short of twenty-four hours, nor exceed four days. The debate time period for constitutional amendments shall not fall short of thirty-six hours.
5. Senators may modify the debate time period through a Senate motion (petition motion), requiring the support of one third of the Senators. During the debate period, Senators may submit a motion to extend the debate time period, but it must respect the four days limit. After twenty-four hours have passed, or thirty-six hours for a constitutional amendment, Senators may submit a motion to end the debate period.
6. During the debate time period only, Senators may discuss the bill and submit any amendments they may have. Debates may only take place in the Regional Senate RMB. Only Senators and, if the government is the rapporteur of the debated bill, members of the government may participate in the debate of the Senate. The government may, however, even if it is not the rapporteur, submit amendments.
7. Amendments must be submitted via a post in RMB. The content of the amendment may be contained in a dispatch, included in the RMB post, or directly written into the RMB post.
8. Members of the Regional Assembly, except Senators, may submit amendment proposals to a bill in the Regional Assembly during the period of debate on that bill in the Senate. If an amendment proposal gains the support of at least five members of the Regional Assembly, including Senators, before the end of the debate time period in the Senate, the amendment proposal shall be submitted to the Senate.
9. Senators may sponsor members of the Regional Assembly, or foreign nations with a verified puppet residing in Liberty Democratic Alliance, to participate in a debate in the Senate, during or outside the examination of bills. Senators cannot sponsor more than two nations per debate. The Chairman of the Senate may reject sponsorships. Senators may force the Chairman of the Senate to accept a sponsorship for a particular nation through a Senate motion, requiring the support of one third of the Senators.
10. If a Senator sponsors a member a Supreme Court Judge to participate in a debate, including outside the examination of a bill, so as to obtain legal advice, it shall not be possible to reject the sponsorship.
11. Sponsorships during the examination of a bill shall end when the debate time period is over. Sponsorships outside the examination of a bill shall either be valid for a determined amount of time, or be ended by the Chairman of the Senate.

Article 5: Voting and parliamentary shuttle

1. When the debate period is over, the Chairman of the Senate shall call for a vote. The Chairman of the Senate must not call for a vote later than twenty-four hours after the end of the debate time period. To cast their votes, Senators must either post 'For' or 'Against' in the Senate RMB. Senators who don't vote will be considered abstentions. Senators may also abstain by posting 'Abstain' in the Senate RMB.
2. The vote shall begin with the vote on the amendments submitted during the debate period. The vote shall be held for each amendment, one after the other. The Chairman of the Senate shall set the voting time period for all amendments. It shall, for each amendment, neither fall short of twelve hours, nor exceed thirty-six hours. No more than twenty-four hours may separate two votes on amendments.
3. Voting for the entire bill in the Senate shall take place after the eventual vote on the amendments. It must not take place more than two days after the vote on the last amendment. The Chairman of the Senate shall set the voting time period when calling for a vote. It shall neither fall short of twenty-four hours, nor exceed two days. Senators may extend the voting time period through a Senate motion (petition motion), requiring the support of one third of the Senators, but it must respect the two days limit.
4. If during a vote on the amendments or the entire bill, all Senators vote either 'For', 'Against' or 'Abstain' in the RMB before the end of the voting time period, the vote may be terminated.
5. If a bill is not adopted by the Senate, it may, if the rapporteur wants it, be moved back to the Senate queue of legislation so as to be debated, amended and voted on later again.
6. If a bill is adopted by the Senate, it shall be brought back to the Regional Assembly. The Chairman of the Senate, or a member of the government with authority over polls, shall open a poll, no later than two days after the bill was adopted by the Senate, unless the Regional Assembly is holding an election or any other vote that has precedence on the legislative votes specified in the law. The Regional Assembly voting time period shall last two days.
7. Institutional laws, laws and treaties related to regional security shall be voted on in the Senate only, except if the Senate is closed. A member of the Regional Assembly may, if they consider that the Senate defines a bill as a regional security bill in an unjustified way, with the aim of bypassing the Regional Assembly, refer the matter to the Supreme Court for a judgement on whether the bill is a regional security bill or not.
8. If a bill is not adopted by the Regional Assembly, the parliamentary shuttle shall start. Members of the Regional Assembly shall have a debate period lasting at least two days and not exceeding four days to debate and submit amendments directly, which do not require the support of a certain number of members to be submitted. (Article 4, clause 8 does not apply.) The Senate shall, after the end of the debate period in the Regional Assembly, vote on the amendments and the amended bill following the procedures in clauses 2 and 3. Clauses 4, 5 and 6 shall also apply.

Article 6: Processing, examination and voting in the alternate system of LDA

1. If the alternate system of LDA, as defined by Article 1, Section 4 of the Constitution if in place, and if the Senate is closed, the Regional Assembly shall legislate alone.
2. The Prime Minister, or any designated government member, shall chair the Regional Assembly as only parliamentary chamber, establishing a Regional Assembly alternate queue of legislation, with the same priority rules as under the normal system of LDA. They shall also manage polls.
3. Members of the Regional Assembly shall not have the power to submit motions.
4. The rapporteur of the bill shall set the debate time period. The debate time period for all bills in the Regional Assembly as only parliamentary chamber shall neither fall short of twenty-four hours, nor exceed four days. The debate time period for constitutional amendments shall not fall short of thirty-six hours.
5. During the debate time period only, members of the Regional Assembly may discuss the bill and submit any amendments they may have.
6. When the debate period is over, the government official chairing the Regional Assembly shall call for a vote. They must not call for a vote later than twenty-four hours after the end of the debate time period. Members of the Regional Assembly shall cast their votes in a regional poll, unless there is an election or any other vote that has precedence on the legislative votes specified in the law.
7. The vote shall begin with the vote on the amendments submitted during the debate period. The vote shall be held for each amendment, one after the other. The rapporteur shall set the voting time period for all amendments. It shall, for each amendment, neither fall short of twelve hours, nor exceed thirty-six hours. No more than twenty-four hours may separate two votes on amendments.
8. Voting for the entire bill in the Regional Assembly shall take place after the eventual vote on the amendments. It must not take place more than two days after the vote on the last amendment. The voting period shall last two days.
9. If a bill is not adopted by the Regional Assembly as only parliamentary chamber, it may, if the rapporteur wants it, be moved back to the alternate queue of legislation so as to be debated, amended and voted on later again.
10. If the Senate is closed, the Regional Assembly may pass institutional laws, laws and treaties related to regional security.
11. If the Senate is closed, 7.4. shall be rendered null and void until the Regional Senate re-opens.

Article 7: Final adoption of a bill

1. If a bill is adopted by the Regional Assembly, either directly or after a parliamentary shuttle (see 5.8.), it shall become regional law, as soon as the Supreme Court approves the legality of the law, and unless the Prime Minister vetoes it.
2. The Supreme Court shall be granted a one-week time period to validate or veto a law.
3. If a law has been validated by the Supreme Court, the Prime Minister shall be granted a three-day time period, during which they may apply their constitutional veto right.
4. If the Prime Minister vetoes the law, the Senate shall be granted a four-day time period, during which it may apply its constitutional right to override a veto of the Prime Miniter. A Senator may propose a Senate motion (petition motion) to override the veto, and Senators shall have until the end of the four-day time period to support it.

Article 8: Technical Senate rules

1. Senate activity shall only take place in the Regional Senate dedicated RMB.
2. Residents of LDA, unless they are Senators, members of the government, or sponsored nations according to 4.9., 4.10. and 4.11., must not use the RMB of the Regional Senate. A sponsored nation in the Senate must stop using the RMB of the Senate when their sponsorhip is over.
3. An outgoing Chairman of the Senate must not delete the dispatch containing the Senate queue of legislation, in part or fully, until the new Chairman hasn't published its own complete dispatch. The new Chairman must publish a new queue of legislation dispatch within one week after being appointed.

Article 9: Field of application

1. The standards established in the Constitution and in the present institutional law concerning legislative work (defined in 1.4.) cannot be contradicted or be subject to exceptions in other laws. However, other laws may define the procedures for other actions that fall within the scope of competence of the Parliament.

Read dispatch

France Europe wrote:We want to pass a law that regulates the procedures to legislate and on how the parliament precisely works, in order to establish clear procedures, adapted to all situations and not open to dispute.

I have started working on a draft, which of course is highly imperfect and is intended to be modified:

Title: Institutional Act on the regulation of legislative procedures in Parliament
Alternate Title: Parliament Procedures Act

Article 1: Responsibility and Introduction of Bills

1. Members of the Regional Assembly, consisting of members of the government, Senators, members of the Supreme Court, and members of the region as defined by the constitution, shall initiate legislation in the region.
2. The introduction of a law before Parliament shall take form of a post in the regional RMB, with a dispatch containing the full text of the law. It is possible to informally publish draft legislation in order to develop the law in a collaborative manner before formal introduction in Parliament. The government may hold the right to discuss bills it initiates in the Council of Ministers before they are formally introduced in Parliament.
3. Any member of the Regional Assembly may introducte a law in Parliament. The member introducing the bill is called the rapporteur of the bill. Bills introduced by a member of the government shall have the government as rapporteur.
4. Parliament can legislate on four types of legislation:

    a) Constitutional amendments, to add, repeal or edit articles or clauses in the Constitution. They are particularly important and must be treated with care by lawmakers;
    b) Institutional laws, which organize the functioning of the institutions in a more precise way, in completion of the Constitution. These laws have a special status.;
    c) Laws, which include all legislation within the area of competence of the Parliament apart from constitutional amendments and institutional laws.
    d) Treaties, setting the region's relations with other regions or political entities.

5. The rapporteur must specify the type of legislation they are introducing in Parliament. The Chairman of the Senate may correct the status of the legislation if they find it inadequate. In case of disagreement, the rapporteur may refer the matter to the Supreme Court so that it may decide on the status of the text in view of its content and legality. The rapporteur may also specify the requested debate time.
6. Foreign affairs are the reserved domain of the government. Only the government shall be allowed to introduce treaties in Parliament, after eventual talks and agreements with foreign dignitaries.
7. Every bill must be introduced with an official title, mentioning its status, optionally with an alternative title. Bills can be divided into three levels:

    - Articles (mandatory): every bill must consist of one or several articles, written 'Article' followed by the number, mandatory.
    - Sections (optional): every section, unless it is unique in the bill, must have a title. An article can be divided into several sections, written only with their number and title, mandatory.
    - Clauses (mandatory): every article and section must contain clauses, which constitute the actual statement of the law. Clauses must be written in sentences, and may contain lists, numbered or not.

8. Amendments and repeals of legislation are subject to the same rules as other bills.

Article 2: Senate motions

1. Senators may pass internal Senate motions in cases specified by the law. They are legally binding but they are not regional law.
2. Senate motions shall be published in the RMB of the Regional Senate. They shall be numbered with the year and motion number in the ongoing year, and preceded by 'SM': SM-YYYY-NNN.
3. There shall be two types of motions:

    a) Voting motions shall be voted on by the Senators, upon submission of the motion, during a time period set by the submitter when submitting the motion. This time period must not exceed 48 hours.
    b) Petition motions require a certain amount of Senators supporting it to pass. The motion passes when the number of supports is reached. The submitter shall set a time period, after which the motion does not pass if the required number of supporters is not reached. This time period must not exceed 72 hours.

4. To vote for / support a motion, Senators must post the following in the Regional Senate RMB: 'Motion [motion number]: Yes'. Senate motions are not regional law.
5. Senate motions are not included in the queue of legislation (see 3. 2.) and can be adopted at any time in parallel with the legislative work.

Article 3: Processing and order of business

1. When a law is introduced in Parliament, it shall be recorded in the Regional Assembly business list, kept by the Founder and available to the public.
2. The Senate shall have its own queue of legislation, at the discretion of the Chairman of the Senate, changeable at any time, available to the public in a dispatch, pinned in the Regional Senate. Upon transition to a new Chairman of the Senate, the outgoing Chairman shall pass on the queue of legislation to the new Chairman, and a new dispatch shall be created by the new Chairman.
3. The Chairman of the Senate shall respect an order of priority when establishing the Senate queue of legislation, in compliance with the following rules:

    a) Nomination and impeachment procedures involving the Senate shall be first tier business.
    b) All business issued by the government, including bills, treaties, foreign affairs and defense matters shall be second tier business. The order of treatment of the business submitted by the government shall be decided by the Prime Minister, unless the latter grants it, in part or in full, to the Chairman of the Senate.
    c) All other legislative work, unless specified in the law, shall be third tier business.

4. Urgent business consists of prioritizing items of the Senate queue of legislation, over the rules set by clause 3. There are two procedures for assigning urgent business status to an item in the legislation queue:

    a) A Senate motion (petition motion), if supported by at least two thirds of the Senators, may assign urgent business status to an item. Senators may assign urgent status to several items, but each motion may only handle one item.
    b) The Prime Minister may decide to assign urgent business status to one or several items, wether they were introduced by the government or not. The Prime Minister's urgent business takes precedence over that of the Senators.

5. The Senate has exclusive rights to the legislative queue. The Regional Assembly business list is not a formal legislative queue, and the members of the Regional Assembly, except in situations explicitly mentioned in the law, cannot determine the order in which bills are processed.

Article 4: Senate examination of bills

1. The examination of bills is performed by the Senate, but members of the Regional Assembly may hold informal debates in parallel, which may also aim to advise the Senators.
2. When a bill reaches the top of the queue of legislation, either the rapporteur of the bill or the Chairman of the Senate shall start the examination of the bill by publish the bill in the Regional Senate RMB and open the debate. The Senator starting the examination of the bill must tag all other Senators.
3. The Chairman of the Senate shall have authority over debate time. If the Chairman of the Senate starts the examination of the bill, they shall set a debate time period. If the rapporteur starts the examination of the bill, they shall set the debate time period, but it may be modified once by the Chairman of the Senate. The Chairman of the Senate must not modify the debate time period for the purpose of ending the debate, setting a debate time period that would result in less than six hours of debate remaining after the modification. Once set or modified by the Chairman of the Senate, the debate time period may not be changed. The rapporteur and other Senators may advise the President of the Senate on the debate time period to be granted.
4. The debate time period for all bills shall neither fall short of twenty-four hours, nor exceed four days. The debate time period for constitutional amendments shall not fall short of thirty-six hours.
5. Senators may modify the debate time period through a Senate motion (petition motion), requiring the support of one third of the Senators. During the debate period, Senators may submit a motion to extend the debate time period, but it must respect the four days limit. After twenty-four hours have passed, or thirty-six hours for a constitutional amendment, Senators may submit a motion to end the debate period.
6. During the debate time period only, Senators may discuss the bill and submit any amendments they may have. Debates may only take place in the Regional Senate RMB. Only Senators and, if the government is the rapporteur of the debated bill, members of the government may participate in the debate of the Senate. The government may, however, even if it is not the rapporteur, submit amendments.
7. Amendments must be submitted via a post in RMB. The content of the amendment may be contained in a dispatch, included in the RMB post, or directly written into the RMB post.
8. Members of the Regional Assembly, except Senators, may submit amendment proposals to a bill in the Regional Assembly during the period of debate on that bill in the Senate. If an amendment proposal gains the support of at least five members of the Regional Assembly, including Senators, before the end of the debate time period in the Senate, the amendment proposal shall be submitted to the Senate.
9. Senators may sponsor members of the Regional Assembly, or foreign nations with a verified puppet residing in Liberty Democratic Alliance, to participate in a debate in the Senate, during or outside the examination of bills. Senators cannot sponsor more than two nations per debate. The Chairman of the Senate may reject sponsorships. Senators may force the Chairman of the Senate to accept a sponsorship for a particular nation through a Senate motion, requiring the support of one third of the Senators.
10. If a Senator sponsors a member a Supreme Court Judge to participate in a debate, including outside the examination of a bill, so as to obtain legal advice, it shall not be possible to reject the sponsorship.
11. Sponsorships during the examination of a bill shall end when the debate time period is over. Sponsorships outside the examination of a bill shall either be valid for a determined amount of time, or be ended by the Chairman of the Senate.

Article 5: Voting and parliamentary shuttle

1. When the debate period is over, the Chairman of the Senate shall call for a vote. The Chairman of the Senate must not call for a vote later than twenty-four hours after the end of the debate time period. To cast their votes, Senators must either post 'For' or 'Against' in the Senate RMB. Senators who don't vote will be considered abstentions. Senators may also abstain by posting 'Abstain' in the Senate RMB.
2. The vote shall begin with the vote on the amendments submitted during the debate period. The vote shall be held for each amendment, one after the other. The Chairman of the Senate shall set the voting time period for all amendments. It shall, for each amendment, neither fall short of twelve hours, nor exceed thirty-six hours. No more than twenty-four hours may separate two votes on amendments.
3. Voting for the entire bill in the Senate shall take place after the eventual vote on the amendments. It must not take place more than two days after the vote on the last amendment. The Chairman of the Senate shall set the voting time period when calling for a vote. It shall neither fall short of twenty-four hours, nor exceed two days. Senators may extend the voting time period through a Senate motion (petition motion), requiring the support of one third of the Senators, but it must respect the two days limit.
4. If during a vote on the amendments or the entire bill, all Senators vote either 'For', 'Against' or 'Abstain' in the RMB before the end of the voting time period, the vote may be terminated.
5. If a bill is not adopted by the Senate, it may, if the rapporteur wants it, be moved back to the Senate queue of legislation so as to be debated, amended and voted on later again.
6. If a bill is adopted by the Senate, it shall be brought back to the Regional Assembly. The Chairman of the Senate, or a member of the government with authority over polls, shall open a poll, no later than two days after the bill was adopted by the Senate, unless the Regional Assembly is holding an election or any other vote that has precedence on the legislative votes specified in the law. The Regional Assembly voting time period shall last two days.
7. Institutional laws, laws and treaties related to regional security shall be voted on in the Senate only, except if the Senate is closed. A member of the Regional Assembly may, if they consider that the Senate defines a bill as a regional security bill in an unjustified way, with the aim of bypassing the Regional Assembly, refer the matter to the Supreme Court for a judgement on whether the bill is a regional security bill or not.
8. If a bill is not adopted by the Regional Assembly, the parliamentary shuttle shall start. Members of the Regional Assembly shall have a debate period lasting at least two days and not exceeding four days to debate and submit amendments directly, which do not require the support of a certain number of members to be submitted. (Article 4, clause 8 does not apply.) The Senate shall, after the end of the debate period in the Regional Assembly, vote on the amendments and the amended bill following the procedures in clauses 2 and 3. Clauses 4, 5 and 6 shall also apply.

Article 6: Processing, examination and voting in the alternate system of LDA

1. If the alternate system of LDA, as defined by Article 1, Section 4 of the Constitution if in place, and if the Senate is closed, the Regional Assembly shall legislate alone.
2. The Prime Minister, or any designated government member, shall chair the Regional Assembly as only parliamentary chamber, establishing a Regional Assembly alternate queue of legislation, with the same priority rules as under the normal system of LDA. They shall also manage polls.
3. Members of the Regional Assembly shall not have the power to submit motions.
4. The rapporteur of the bill shall set the debate time period. The debate time period for all bills in the Regional Assembly as only parliamentary chamber shall neither fall short of twenty-four hours, nor exceed four days. The debate time period for constitutional amendments shall not fall short of thirty-six hours.
5. During the debate time period only, members of the Regional Assembly may discuss the bill and submit any amendments they may have.
6. When the debate period is over, the government official chairing the Regional Assembly shall call for a vote. They must not call for a vote later than twenty-four hours after the end of the debate time period. Members of the Regional Assembly shall cast their votes in a regional poll, unless there is an election or any other vote that has precedence on the legislative votes specified in the law.
7. The vote shall begin with the vote on the amendments submitted during the debate period. The vote shall be held for each amendment, one after the other. The rapporteur shall set the voting time period for all amendments. It shall, for each amendment, neither fall short of twelve hours, nor exceed thirty-six hours. No more than twenty-four hours may separate two votes on amendments.
8. Voting for the entire bill in the Regional Assembly shall take place after the eventual vote on the amendments. It must not take place more than two days after the vote on the last amendment. The voting period shall last two days.
9. If a bill is not adopted by the Regional Assembly as only parliamentary chamber, it may, if the rapporteur wants it, be moved back to the alternate queue of legislation so as to be debated, amended and voted on later again.
10. If the Senate is closed, the Regional Assembly may pass institutional laws, laws and treaties related to regional security.
11. If the Senate is closed, 7.4. shall be rendered null and void until the Regional Senate re-opens.

Article 7: Final adoption of a bill

1. If a bill is adopted by the Regional Assembly, either directly or after a parliamentary shuttle (see 5.8.), it shall become regional law, as soon as the Supreme Court approves the legality of the law, and unless the Prime Minister vetoes it.
2. The Supreme Court shall be granted a one-week time period to validate or veto a law.
3. If a law has been validated by the Supreme Court, the Prime Minister shall be granted a three-day time period, during which they may apply their constitutional veto right.
4. If the Prime Minister vetoes the law, the Senate shall be granted a four-day time period, during which it may apply its constitutional right to override a veto of the Prime Miniter. A Senator may propose a Senate motion (petition motion) to override the veto, and Senators shall have until the end of the four-day time period to support it.

Article 8: Technical Senate rules

1. Senate activity shall only take place in the Regional Senate dedicated RMB.
2. Residents of LDA, unless they are Senators, members of the government, or sponsored nations according to 4.9., 4.10. and 4.11., must not use the RMB of the Regional Senate. A sponsored nation in the Senate must stop using the RMB of the Senate when their sponsorhip is over.
3. An outgoing Chairman of the Senate must not delete the dispatch containing the Senate queue of legislation, in part or fully, until the new Chairman hasn't published its own complete dispatch. The new Chairman must publish a new queue of legislation dispatch within one week after being appointed.

Article 9: Field of application

1. The standards established in the Constitution and in the present institutional law concerning legislative work (defined in 1.4.) cannot be contradicted or be subject to exceptions in other laws. However, other laws may define the procedures for other actions that fall within the scope of competence of the Parliament.

Read dispatch

Here is my reworked version:

Official Title: Institutional Act on the regulation of legislative procedures in Parliament
Alternate Title: Parliament Procedures Act

Article 1: Responsibility and Introduction of Bills

1. Members of the Regional Assembly (as defined by the constitution), shall initiate legislation in the region.

2. The introduction of a law before Parliament shall take form of a post in the regional RMB, with a dispatch containing the full text of the law. It is possible to informally publish draft legislation in order to develop the law in a collaborative manner before formal introduction in Parliament. The government may hold the right to discuss bills it initiates in the Council of Ministers before they are formally introduced in Parliament.

3. Any member of the Regional Assembly may introduce a law in Parliament. The member introducing the bill is called the rapporteur of the bill. Bills introduced by a member of the government shall have the government as rapporteur. [I donít understand this last sentence]

4. Parliament can legislate on four types of legislation:

a) Constitutional amendments, to add, repeal or edit articles or clauses in the Constitution. They are particularly important and must be treated with care by lawmakers.
b) Institutional laws, which organize the functioning of the institutions in a more precise way, in completion of the Constitution. These laws have a special status.
c) Laws, which include all legislation within the area of competence of the Parliament apart from constitutional amendments and institutional laws.
d) Treaties, setting the region's relations with other regions or political entities.

5. The rapporteur must specify the type of legislation they are introducing in Parliament. The Chairman of the Senate may correct the status of the legislation if they find it inadequate. In case of disagreement, the rapporteur may refer the matter to the Supreme Court so that it may decide on the status of the text in view of its content and legality. The rapporteur may also specify the requested debate time. [When itís going to happen or how long the debate may take or until when the debate can take place until itís closed?]

6. Foreign affairs are the reserved domain of the government. Only the government shall be allowed to introduce treaties in Parliament, after eventual talks and agreements with foreign dignitaries.

7. Every bill must be introduced with an official title, mentioning its status, optionally with an alternative title. Bills can be divided into three levels:
- Articles (mandatory): every bill must consist of one or several articles, written 'Article' followed by the number.
- Sections (optional): every section, unless it is unique in the bill, must have a title. An article can be divided into several sections, written only with their number and title which is mandatory.
- Clauses (mandatory): every article and section must contain clauses, which constitute the actual statement of the law. Clauses must be written in sentences, and may contain numbered or unnumbered lists.

8. Amendments and repeals of legislation are subject to the same rules as other bills.

Article 2: Senate motions

1. Senators may pass internal Senate motions in cases specified by the law. They are legally binding but they are not regional law.

2. Senate motions shall be published in the RMB of the Regional Senate. They shall be numbered with the year and motion number in the ongoing year, and preceded by 'SM': SM-YYYY-NNN.

3. There shall be two types of motions:

a) Voting motions shall be voted on by the Senators, upon submission of the motion, during a time period set by the submitter when submitting the motion which must not exceed 48 hours.
b) Petition motions require a certain amount of Senators supporting it to pass. The motion passes when the number of supports is reached. The submitter shall set a time period, after which the motion does not pass if the required number of supporters is not reached. This time period must not exceed 72 hours. [Specification on amount of Senators]

4. To vote for / support a motion, Senators must post the following in the Regional Senate RMB: 'Motion [motion number]: Yes'. Senate motions are not regional law.

5. Senate motions are not included in the queue of legislation (see 3. 2.) and can be adopted at any time in parallel with the legislative work.

Article 3: Processing and order of business

1. When a law is introduced in Parliament, it shall be recorded in the Regional Assembly business list, kept by the Founder and shall also be always available to the public.

2. The Senate shall have its own queue of legislation, at the discretion of the Chairman of the Senate, changeable at any time, always available to the public in a dispatch, pinned in the Regional Senate. Upon transition to a new Chairman of the Senate, the outgoing Chairman shall pass on the queue of legislation to the new Chairman, and a new dispatch shall be created by the new Chairman.

3. The Chairman of the Senate shall respect an order of priority when establishing the Senate queue of legislation, in compliance with the following rules:

a) Nomination and impeachment procedures involving the Senate shall be first tier business.
b) All business issued by the government, including bills, treaties, foreign affairs and defence matters shall be second tier business. The order of treatment of the business submitted by the government shall be decided by the Prime Minister, unless the latter grants it, in part or in full, to the Chairman of the Senate.
c) All other legislative work, unless specified in the law, shall be third tier business.

4. Urgent business consists of prioritizing items of the Senate queue of legislation, over the rules set by clause 3. There are two procedures for assigning urgent business status to an item in the legislation queue:

a) A Senate motion (petition motion), if supported by at least two thirds of the Senators, may assign urgent business status to an item. Senators may assign urgent status to several items, but each motion may only handle one item.
b) The Prime Minister may decide to assign urgent business status to one or several items, whether they were introduced by the government or not. The Prime Minister's urgent business takes precedence over that of the Senators.

5. The Senate has exclusive rights to the legislative queue. The Regional Assembly business list is not a formal legislative queue, and the members of the Regional Assembly, except in situations explicitly mentioned in the law, cannot determine the order in which bills are processed.

Article 4: Senate examination of bills

1. The examination of bills is performed by the Senate, but members of the Regional Assembly may hold informal debates in parallel, which may also aim to advise the Senators.

2. When a bill reaches the top of the queue of legislation, either the rapporteur of the bill or the Chairman of the Senate shall start the examination of the bill by publishing the bill in the Regional Senate RMB and open the debate. The Senator starting the examination of the bill must tag all other Senators.

3. The Chairman of the Senate shall have authority over debate time. If the Chairman of the Senate starts the examination of the bill, they shall set a debate time period. If the rapporteur starts the examination of the bill, they shall set the debate time period, but it may be modified once by the Chairman of the Senate. The Chairman of the Senate must not modify the debate time period for the purpose of ending the debate, setting a debate time period that would result in less than six hours of debate remaining after the modification. Once set or modified by the Chairman of the Senate, the debate time period may not be changed. The rapporteur and other Senators may advise the Chairman of the Senate on the debate time period to be prolonged.

4. The debate time period for all bills shall neither fall short of twenty-four hours, nor exceed four days. The debate time period for constitutional amendments shall not fall short of thirty-six hours.

5. Senators may modify the debate time period through a Senate motion (petition motion), requiring the support of one third of the Senators. During the debate period, Senators may submit a motion to extend the debate time period, but it must respect the four days limit. After twenty-four hours have passed, or thirty-six hours for a constitutional amendment, Senators may submit a motion to end the debate period.

6. During the debate time period only, Senators may discuss the bill and submit any amendments they may have. Debates may only take place in the Regional Senate RMB. Only Senators and, if the government is the rapporteur of the debated bill, members of the government may participate in the debate of the Senate. The government may, however, even if it is not the rapporteur, submit amendments.

7. Amendments must be submitted via a post in RMB. The content of the amendment may be contained in a dispatch, included in the RMB post, or directly written into the RMB post.

8. Members of the Regional Assembly, except Senators, may submit amendment proposals to a bill in the Regional Assembly during the period of debate on that bill in the Senate. If an amendment proposal gains the support of at least five members of the Regional Assembly, including Senators, before the end of the debate time period in the Senate, the amendment proposal shall be submitted to the Senate.

9. Senators may sponsor members of the Regional Assembly, or foreign nations with a verified puppet residing in Liberty Democratic Alliance, to participate in a debate in the Senate, during or outside the examination of bills. Senators cannot sponsor more than two nations per debate. The Chairman of the Senate may reject sponsorships. Senators may force the Chairman of the Senate to accept a sponsorship for a particular nation through a Senate motion, requiring the support of at least one third of the Senators.

10. If a Senator sponsors a member or a Supreme Court Judge to participate in a debate, including outside the examination of a bill, so as to obtain legal advice, it shall not be possible to be rejected.

11. Sponsorships during the examination of a bill shall end when the debate time period is over. Sponsorships outside the examination of a bill shall either be valid for a determined amount of time, or be ended by the Chairman of the Senate.

Article 5: Voting and parliamentary shuttle

1. When the debate period is over, the Chairman of the Senate shall call for a vote in which members of the Senate shall be tagged. The Chairman of the Senate must not call for a vote later than twenty-four hours after the end of the debate time period.

2. The vote shall begin with the vote on the amendments submitted during the debate period. The vote shall be held for each amendment, one after the other. The Chairman of the Senate shall set the voting time period for all amendments. It shall, for each amendment, neither fall short of twelve hours, nor exceed thirty-six hours. No more than twenty-four hours may separate two votes on amendments.

3. The Vote for the entire bill in the Senate shall take place after the eventual vote on the amendments. It must not take place more than two days after the vote on the last amendment. The Chairman of the Senate shall set the voting time period when calling for a vote. It shall neither fall short of twenty-four hours, nor exceed two days. Senators may extend the voting time period through a Senate motion (petition motion), requiring the support of one third of the Senators, but it must respect the two days limit.

4. If during a vote on the amendments or the entire bill, all Senators vote either 'For', 'Against' or 'Abstain' in the RMB before the end of the voting time period, the vote may be terminated. Senators who donít vote will also be considered abstentions.

5. If a bill is not adopted by the Senate, it may, if the rapporteur wants it, be moved back to the Senate queue of legislation so as to be debated, amended and voted on later again.

6. If a bill is adopted by the Senate, it shall be brought back to the Regional Assembly. The Chairman of the Senate, or a member of the government with authority over polls, shall open a poll, no later than two days after the bill was adopted by the Senate, unless the Regional Assembly is holding an election or any other vote that has precedence on the legislative votes specified in the law. The Regional Assembly voting time period shall last two days.

7. Institutional laws, laws and treaties related to regional security shall be voted on in the Senate only, except if the Senate is closed. A member of the Regional Assembly may, if they consider that the Senate defines a bill as a regional security bill in an unjustified way, with the aim of bypassing the Regional Assembly, refer the matter to the Supreme Court for judgement on whether the bill is a regional security bill or not.

8. If a bill is not adopted by the Regional Assembly, the parliamentary shuttle shall start and members of the Regional Assembly shall have a debate period lasting at least two days which shall also not exceed four days to debate and submit amendments directly, not requiring the support of a certain number of members to be submitted. The Senate shall, after the end of the debate period in the Regional Assembly, vote on the amendments and the amended bill following the procedures in clauses 2 and 3. Clauses 4, 5 and 6 shall also apply. [Clause 8 is very confusing, a rewritten and simpler version might make understanding it easier]

Article 6: Processing, examination and voting in the alternate system of LDA

1. If the alternate system of the LDA, as defined by Article 1, Section 4 of the Constitution is in place, the Regional Assembly shall legislate alone.

2. The Prime Minister, or any designated government member, shall chair the Regional Assembly as only parliamentary chamber, establishing a Regional Assembly alternate queue of legislation, with the same priority rules as under the normal system of LDA. They shall also manage polls.

3. Members of the Regional Assembly shall not have the power to submit motions.

4. The rapporteur of the bill shall set the debate time period. The debate time period for all bills in the Regional Assembly as only parliamentary chamber shall neither fall short of twenty-four hours, nor exceed four days. The debate time period for constitutional amendments shall not fall short of thirty-six hours.

5. During the debate period only, members of the Regional Assembly may discuss the bill and submit any amendments they may have.

6. When the debate period is over, the government official chairing the Regional Assembly shall call for a vote. They must not call for a vote later than twenty-four hours after the end of the debate time period. Members of the Regional Assembly shall cast their votes in a regional poll, unless there is an election or any other vote that has precedence on the legislative votes specified in the law.

7. The vote shall begin with the vote on the amendments submitted during the debate period. The vote shall be held for each amendment, one after the other. The rapporteur shall set the voting time period for all amendments. It shall, for each amendment, neither fall short of twelve hours, nor exceed thirty-six hours. No more than twenty-four hours may separate two votes on amendments.

8. The Vote for the entire bill in the Regional Assembly shall take place after the eventual vote on the amendments. It must not take place more than two days after the vote on the last amendment. The voting period shall last two days.

9. If a bill is not adopted by the Regional Assembly as only parliamentary chamber, it may, if the rapporteur wants it, be moved back to the alternate queue of legislation so as to be debated, amended and voted on later again.

10. If the Senate is closed, the Regional Assembly may pass institutional laws, laws and treaties related to regional security.

11. Article 7.4. shall be rendered null and void until the Regional Senate re-opens under the circumstance of a closure of the Senate.

Article 7: Final adoption of a bill

1. If a bill is adopted by the Regional Assembly, either directly or after a parliamentary shuttle (see 5.8.), it shall become regional law, as soon as the Supreme Court approves the legality of the law, and unless the Prime Minister vetoes it.

2. The Supreme Court shall be granted a one-week time period to validate or veto a law.

3. If a law has been validated by the Supreme Court, the Prime Minister shall be granted a three-day time period, during which they may apply their constitutional veto right.

4. If the Prime Minister vetoes the law, the Senate shall be granted a four-day time period, during which it may apply its constitutional right to override a veto of the Prime Minister.

Article 8: Technical Senate rules

1. Senate activity shall only take place in the Regional Senate dedicated RMB.

2. Residents of LDA, unless they are Senators, members of the government, or sponsored nations according to 4.9., 4.10. and 4.11., must not use the RMB of the Regional Senate. A sponsored nation in the Senate must stop using the RMB of the Senate when their sponsorship is over.

3. An outgoing Chairman of the Senate must not delete the dispatch containing the Senate queue of legislation, in part or fully, until the new Chairman hasn't published its own complete dispatch. The new Chairman must publish a new queue of legislation dispatch within one week after being appointed.

Article 9: Field of application

1. The standards established in the Constitution and in the present institutional law concerning legislative work (defined in 1.4.) cannot be contradicted or be subject to exceptions in other laws. However, other laws may define the procedures for other actions that fall within the scope of competence of the Parliament.

Read dispatch


Please make changes if you have to and I know that it's not perfect but it's also the first time I did something like this.
The stuff written in brackets(like that: [Where is the meaning behind it?]) are notes by me which shall be removed if you decide to work with this.
I removed(hopefully) all writing and grammar mistakes and I changed some stuff. I also removed stuff that was written twice.

Sargk wrote:Please make changes if you have to and I know that it's not perfect but it's also the first time I did something like this.
The stuff written in brackets(like that: [Where is the meaning behind it?]) are notes by me which shall be removed if you decide to work with this.

I'm going to answer your notes in brackets first. Tell me if I forgot some, and if my answers were clear enough.

- Bills introduced by a member of the government shall have the government as rapporteur. [I donít understand this last sentence]:
If I introduce a bill in Parliament, I am the rapporteur of the bill. (We can change the name, we can say author, draftsman if it works better.) If I am a Minister or even the PM and if I introduce the bill on behalf of the government, then the whole government is the rapporteur of the bill. Being the rapporteur just means that you were the one who introduced it, and you have some rights linked to it, such as proposing a duration for the debate. But these rights are quite limited, as I think that once a bill is in Parliament, it's a 'common good' of the region, I think the rapporteur shouldn't possess it.

- [When itís going to happen or how long the debate may take or until when the debate can take place until itís closed?]:
Article 4 contains all rules for debates.

- [Specification on amount of Senators]:
It depends on each motion. Every time the law gives Senator the possibility to submit motions, the amount of supports is mentioned.

- [Clause 8 is very confusing, a rewritten and simpler version might make understanding it easier]
Indeed, I will write a new version. If you don't understand the last sentences mentioning other clauses, in fact I am just saying here more or less that the normal voting process in the Senate starts again.

Sargk wrote:I removed(hopefully) all writing and grammar mistakes and I changed some stuff. I also removed stuff that was written twice.

Were there many of them? ;-) And would it be possible to make changes more visible, for example by changing the color if you can? [color=red][/color]

France Europe wrote:I'm going to answer your notes in brackets first. Tell me if I forgot some, and if my answers were clear enough.

- Bills introduced by a member of the government shall have the government as rapporteur. [I donít understand this last sentence]:
If I introduce a bill in Parliament, I am the rapporteur of the bill. (We can change the name, we can say author, draftsman if it works better.) If I am a Minister or even the PM and if I introduce the bill on behalf of the government, then the whole government is the rapporteur of the bill. Being the rapporteur just means that you were the one who introduced it, and you have some rights linked to it, such as proposing a duration for the debate. But these rights are quite limited, as I think that once a bill is in Parliament, it's a 'common good' of the region, I think the rapporteur shouldn't possess it.

- [When itís going to happen or how long the debate may take or until when the debate can take place until itís closed?]:
Article 4 contains all rules for debates.

- [Specification on amount of Senators]:
It depends on each motion. Every time the law gives Senator the possibility to submit motions, the amount of supports is mentioned.

- [Clause 8 is very confusing, a rewritten and simpler version might make understanding it easier]
Indeed, I will write a new version. If you don't understand the last sentences mentioning other clauses, in fact I am just saying here more or less that the normal voting process in the Senate starts again.
Were there many of them? ;-) And would it be possible to make changes more visible, for example by changing the color if you can? [color=red][/color]

Thanks for clearing me up! And even though I found quite a few mistakes, it wasn't terrible or something like that. And even though I won't mark the changes in this one I'll keep that in mind next time.

Chairman of the Senate Sheepiania,
Senators Sargk, Communist Lukania, Republic of Mesque,

The constitutional amendment was passed by the Regional Assembly. Following the current procedures, I am opening a debate period which must not fall short of 12 hours nor exceed 30 hours. After the debate, a 2/3 majority will be necessary.

Title: A constitutional amendment of Article 2, Section 1 of the Constitution of Liberty Democratic Alliance to reform the legislative branch
Alternate Title: Constitutional reform of the Legislative Branch

Article 1: Amendments to the Constitution

    2. 1. The Parliament:
    1. The Parliament is the legislative body of the region. Its role is to draw up regional laws. It is composed of two chambers: the Regional Assembly and the Regional Senate.
    2. No future law or amendment may remove the Parliament and the power it has, but the executive may choose to suspend parliament (for a set period, and a maximum of 40 days) through a poll that achieves a minimum of 1/2 of the membership number +1 votes in the Regional Assembly. If parliament is suspended, senators' term will be frozen, and discussions halted. It will resume normally when the Lower Parliament votes affirmatively to lift the suspension (by a 1/2 + 1 vote), or when the date set by the executive arrives.
    3. Laws passed by the Parliament must abide by the Constitution. Any bill that does not fully respect this Constitution will be censored.
    4. Constitutional amendments require a two-thirds majority in the Regional Senate and in the Regional Assembly, or in the Regional Assembly only, if the Senate is closed, to be adopted. All other bills require a simple majority, defined as half of the votes plus one vote in both chambers, or in the Regional Assembly only, if the Senate is closed. The vote count shall never include abstentions.

    2. 1. 1. The Regional Assembly
    1. The Regional Assembly is the Lower House of Parliament in the region. Every member (see definition in Article 1. Section 2.) nation in the region is a Member of the Regional Assembly Parliament when they join the region.
    2. Members of the Regional Assembly can propose new bills at any time, and write drafts.
    3. Discussions of the Regional Assembly shall take place on the main Regional Message Board of the region. The Prime Minister and his officers government are is responsible for overseeing the discussions on the main RMB.
    4. Members of the Regional Assembly can propose constitutional amendments and a draft may be sent to the Regional Senate if it achieves 1/2 of the vote in the Lower House of Parliament.
    4. The legislative procedures in parliament shall be regulated by a dedicated institutional law.
    5. Laws adopted by the Parliament shall be publicly available and kept by the Founder. Constitutional amendments, once adopted, shall amend the Constitution.

    2. 1. 2. The Regional Senate
    1. The Regional Senate is the Upper House of Parliament. It is composed of elected members of the Regional Assembly as defined in Article 2.1.1.1. World Assembly nations, and the non-WA nations with WA registered controllers are also eligible. Members of the Regional Senate remain are also members of the Regional Assembly when they become Senators.
    2. Members of the Regional Senate are elected by the Regional Assembly in a serial process, usually during the 7 days after the Prime Minister elections and, if necessary, the weeks afterwards. Campaigning can begin right after the Prime Minister election. The election for members of the Regional Senate is called Legislative Election.
    3. The Regional Senate has a number of seats depending on the regional population. There is one seat per seven residents. If there are less than five Senators, the Supreme Court must close the Senate, and all its legislative powers revert to the Regional Assembly until a sufficient number of candidates stand for election to fill the five seats. To run for the Senate, a nation must tag the Founder, announcing their campaign.
    4. The election shall occur in a series of polls of 24 hours with a minimum number of three and a maximum number of five candidates each poll across a maximum of seven different polls in the first week (maximum of 35 candidates per week) and, if necessary, in the weeks afterwards. A candidate for Senate will be placed among the other candidates in a poll according to the order of their candidacy announcement. If there aren't enough candidates, a poll will not be prepared. A candidate not elected in one poll may participate in a subsequent poll if there are not enough newer candidacies. This, too, shall be set by the original order of candidacy announcement. If not elected in the first poll, a nation may withdraw from subsequent polls if they wish to do so. When a nation decides to be a candidate for the Senate, they can designate an alternate who will take their seat if they leave office.
    5. Discussions on the Regional Senate will take place in a separate Regional Message Board: LDA Regional Senate.
    6. The Regional Senate can propose amendments to the Constitution, write drafts or adopt drafts from the Regional Assembly, but 2/3 vote is necessary to pass an amendment to the constitution.
    6. The Senate will conduct one internal election to decide the nation that will be Chairman of the Regional Senate. The Chairman of the Regional Senate presides debates and is the spokesperson of the Senate. They have a maximum term of 80 days. Senators have the power to end the term of the Chairman of the Senate, with a three-quarters majority.
    7. Members of the executive or the judiciary shall not have a legislative seat. If a candidate for the office of Prime Minister is a senator and that nation wins the election, or if a nation is appointed to serve in the Government or as Chief Justice, their position on the Senate shall be lost, and it will be available in the next Legislative Election, unless they have designated an eligible alternate when declaring their candidacy.
    8. The term for a member of the Senate is double of the PM's (80 days) and this legislative body will be recomposed with each new Legislative Election. The Senate Chairman may call for a special election if too many Senate seats have been vacant.
    9. The two most voted nations in a poll will be granted a Senate seat if their votes amount to more than or equal to 1/5 of the region's number of members. If none of the candidates achieve this 1/5 or only the winner of the poll receives more than or equal to 1/5 of the membership number, only the most voted, and winner of the poll, shall be elected.
    10. The Senate can override a veto of the Prime Minister with a three-quarters majority.

    2. 2. Adoption of a law
    1. Laws adopted by the Parliament will be written in Civil Code section on the Constitution. Constitutional amendments will be added to the Constitution. It is illegal to pass laws in order to expand the duties, participation, and access of the Founder, except for Head of State duties (non-executive involvement).
    2. Members of the Regional Assembly (all members of the region, Senators included) can propose bill drafts.
    3. Every draft will be sent to the Regional Senate.
    4.The Regional Senate will analyse the draft and debate during a period of at least twelve hours and it can be amended if necessary. After a minimum of twelve hours and a maximum of thirty hours, the Chairman of the Senate may call for a vote. The law passes with a 1/2+1 majority vote. If the law is a Constitutional Amendment, a 2/3 vote in the Senate, as well as a 1/2+1 majority vote in the Regional Assembly are necessary.
    5. If the law is not passed, any member of the Regional Assembly can present a new similar but amended bill.
    6. Members of the Regional Assembly can organise parallel debates about the bill which will only have an advisory role for the Senators.
    7. If a bill is passed by the Parliament, the Chief Justice can veto it if he thinks the law is against the Constitution (see article about the Chief Justice). Any member of parliament can advise the Chief Justice to veto the bill.
    8. If a bill is passed by the Parliament, the Prime Minister has the right to veto it and make the bill null and void. If the Prime Minister agrees with the bill, he will sign it and the bill will be adopted as Regional Law. In the event of a veto, the government, if it wishes to do so, can inform the Parliament of the point they disagree with and the bill can then be sent back to the Parliament and the Senate.
    9. The Regional Senate can override a government veto by a 3/4 vote of no confidence.
    10. A vote for a bill will have to last twelve hours in the Regional Assembly, and twenty four hours in the Regional Senate. If all Senators vote (approve, reject or abstain) before the end of the fifteen hours, the vote ends.
    11. If a nation does not vote, its vote will count as an abstention.
    12. To vote in the Parliament, members will have to post their vote in the appropriate RMB (approve or reject) or a poll will be set up to count the votes.
    13. If the Senate is closed under the circumstances of article 2. 1. 2. 3. the laws will be passed by a 1/2+1 membership majority in the Regional Assembly, and the debate time will be the same as in the Senate. The Prime Minister will be the one calling for a vote. A 2/3 vote is necessary to pass a Consitutional Amendment in the Regional Assembly during the closure of the Senate.

Read dispatch

France Europe wrote:Chairman of the Senate Sheepiania,
Senators Sargk, Communist Lukania, Republic of Mesque,

The constitutional amendment was passed by the Regional Assembly. Following the current procedures, I am opening a debate period which must not fall short of 12 hours nor exceed 30 hours. After the debate, a 2/3 majority will be necessary.

Title: A constitutional amendment of Article 2, Section 1 of the Constitution of Liberty Democratic Alliance to reform the legislative branch
Alternate Title: Constitutional reform of the Legislative Branch

Article 1: Amendments to the Constitution

    2. 1. The Parliament:
    1. The Parliament is the legislative body of the region. Its role is to draw up regional laws. It is composed of two chambers: the Regional Assembly and the Regional Senate.
    2. No future law or amendment may remove the Parliament and the power it has, but the executive may choose to suspend parliament (for a set period, and a maximum of 40 days) through a poll that achieves a minimum of 1/2 of the membership number +1 votes in the Regional Assembly. If parliament is suspended, senators' term will be frozen, and discussions halted. It will resume normally when the Lower Parliament votes affirmatively to lift the suspension (by a 1/2 + 1 vote), or when the date set by the executive arrives.
    3. Laws passed by the Parliament must abide by the Constitution. Any bill that does not fully respect this Constitution will be censored.
    4. Constitutional amendments require a two-thirds majority in the Regional Senate and in the Regional Assembly, or in the Regional Assembly only, if the Senate is closed, to be adopted. All other bills require a simple majority, defined as half of the votes plus one vote in both chambers, or in the Regional Assembly only, if the Senate is closed. The vote count shall never include abstentions.

    2. 1. 1. The Regional Assembly
    1. The Regional Assembly is the Lower House of Parliament in the region. Every member (see definition in Article 1. Section 2.) nation in the region is a Member of the Regional Assembly Parliament when they join the region.
    2. Members of the Regional Assembly can propose new bills at any time, and write drafts.
    3. Discussions of the Regional Assembly shall take place on the main Regional Message Board of the region. The Prime Minister and his officers government are is responsible for overseeing the discussions on the main RMB.
    4. Members of the Regional Assembly can propose constitutional amendments and a draft may be sent to the Regional Senate if it achieves 1/2 of the vote in the Lower House of Parliament.
    4. The legislative procedures in parliament shall be regulated by a dedicated institutional law.
    5. Laws adopted by the Parliament shall be publicly available and kept by the Founder. Constitutional amendments, once adopted, shall amend the Constitution.

    2. 1. 2. The Regional Senate
    1. The Regional Senate is the Upper House of Parliament. It is composed of elected members of the Regional Assembly as defined in Article 2.1.1.1. World Assembly nations, and the non-WA nations with WA registered controllers are also eligible. Members of the Regional Senate remain are also members of the Regional Assembly when they become Senators.
    2. Members of the Regional Senate are elected by the Regional Assembly in a serial process, usually during the 7 days after the Prime Minister elections and, if necessary, the weeks afterwards. Campaigning can begin right after the Prime Minister election. The election for members of the Regional Senate is called Legislative Election.
    3. The Regional Senate has a number of seats depending on the regional population. There is one seat per seven residents. If there are less than five Senators, the Supreme Court must close the Senate, and all its legislative powers revert to the Regional Assembly until a sufficient number of candidates stand for election to fill the five seats. To run for the Senate, a nation must tag the Founder, announcing their campaign.
    4. The election shall occur in a series of polls of 24 hours with a minimum number of three and a maximum number of five candidates each poll across a maximum of seven different polls in the first week (maximum of 35 candidates per week) and, if necessary, in the weeks afterwards. A candidate for Senate will be placed among the other candidates in a poll according to the order of their candidacy announcement. If there aren't enough candidates, a poll will not be prepared. A candidate not elected in one poll may participate in a subsequent poll if there are not enough newer candidacies. This, too, shall be set by the original order of candidacy announcement. If not elected in the first poll, a nation may withdraw from subsequent polls if they wish to do so. When a nation decides to be a candidate for the Senate, they can designate an alternate who will take their seat if they leave office.
    5. Discussions on the Regional Senate will take place in a separate Regional Message Board: LDA Regional Senate.
    6. The Regional Senate can propose amendments to the Constitution, write drafts or adopt drafts from the Regional Assembly, but 2/3 vote is necessary to pass an amendment to the constitution.
    6. The Senate will conduct one internal election to decide the nation that will be Chairman of the Regional Senate. The Chairman of the Regional Senate presides debates and is the spokesperson of the Senate. They have a maximum term of 80 days. Senators have the power to end the term of the Chairman of the Senate, with a three-quarters majority.
    7. Members of the executive or the judiciary shall not have a legislative seat. If a candidate for the office of Prime Minister is a senator and that nation wins the election, or if a nation is appointed to serve in the Government or as Chief Justice, their position on the Senate shall be lost, and it will be available in the next Legislative Election, unless they have designated an eligible alternate when declaring their candidacy.
    8. The term for a member of the Senate is double of the PM's (80 days) and this legislative body will be recomposed with each new Legislative Election. The Senate Chairman may call for a special election if too many Senate seats have been vacant.
    9. The two most voted nations in a poll will be granted a Senate seat if their votes amount to more than or equal to 1/5 of the region's number of members. If none of the candidates achieve this 1/5 or only the winner of the poll receives more than or equal to 1/5 of the membership number, only the most voted, and winner of the poll, shall be elected.
    10. The Senate can override a veto of the Prime Minister with a three-quarters majority.

    2. 2. Adoption of a law
    1. Laws adopted by the Parliament will be written in Civil Code section on the Constitution. Constitutional amendments will be added to the Constitution. It is illegal to pass laws in order to expand the duties, participation, and access of the Founder, except for Head of State duties (non-executive involvement).
    2. Members of the Regional Assembly (all members of the region, Senators included) can propose bill drafts.
    3. Every draft will be sent to the Regional Senate.
    4.The Regional Senate will analyse the draft and debate during a period of at least twelve hours and it can be amended if necessary. After a minimum of twelve hours and a maximum of thirty hours, the Chairman of the Senate may call for a vote. The law passes with a 1/2+1 majority vote. If the law is a Constitutional Amendment, a 2/3 vote in the Senate, as well as a 1/2+1 majority vote in the Regional Assembly are necessary.
    5. If the law is not passed, any member of the Regional Assembly can present a new similar but amended bill.
    6. Members of the Regional Assembly can organise parallel debates about the bill which will only have an advisory role for the Senators.
    7. If a bill is passed by the Parliament, the Chief Justice can veto it if he thinks the law is against the Constitution (see article about the Chief Justice). Any member of parliament can advise the Chief Justice to veto the bill.
    8. If a bill is passed by the Parliament, the Prime Minister has the right to veto it and make the bill null and void. If the Prime Minister agrees with the bill, he will sign it and the bill will be adopted as Regional Law. In the event of a veto, the government, if it wishes to do so, can inform the Parliament of the point they disagree with and the bill can then be sent back to the Parliament and the Senate.
    9. The Regional Senate can override a government veto by a 3/4 vote of no confidence.
    10. A vote for a bill will have to last twelve hours in the Regional Assembly, and twenty four hours in the Regional Senate. If all Senators vote (approve, reject or abstain) before the end of the fifteen hours, the vote ends.
    11. If a nation does not vote, its vote will count as an abstention.
    12. To vote in the Parliament, members will have to post their vote in the appropriate RMB (approve or reject) or a poll will be set up to count the votes.
    13. If the Senate is closed under the circumstances of article 2. 1. 2. 3. the laws will be passed by a 1/2+1 membership majority in the Regional Assembly, and the debate time will be the same as in the Senate. The Prime Minister will be the one calling for a vote. A 2/3 vote is necessary to pass a Consitutional Amendment in the Regional Assembly during the closure of the Senate.

Read dispatch

There are typos that need to be addressed before enacting this.
We should have them reviewed and sent back to the Lower Parliament.

France Europe wrote:

Title: A constitutional amendment of Article 2, Section 1 of the Constitution of Liberty Democratic Alliance to reform the legislative branch
Alternate Title: Constitutional reform of the Legislative Branch

Article 1: Amendments to the Constitution

    2. 1. The Parliament:
    1. The Parliament is the legislative body of the region. Its role is to draw up regional laws. It is composed of two chambers: the Regional Assembly and the Regional Senate.
    2. No future law or amendment may remove the Parliament and the power it has, but the executive may choose to suspend parliament (for a set period, and a maximum of 40 days) through a poll that achieves a minimum of 1/2 of the membership number +1 votes in the Regional Assembly. If parliament is suspended, senators' term will be frozen, and discussions halted. It will resume normally when the Lower Parliament votes affirmatively to lift the suspension (by a 1/2 + 1 vote), or when the date set by the executive arrives.
    3. Laws passed by the Parliament must abide by the Constitution. Any bill that does not fully respect this Constitution will be censored.
    4. Constitutional amendments require a two-thirds majority in the Regional Senate and in the Regional Assembly, or in the Regional Assembly only, if the Senate is closed, to be adopted. All other bills require a simple majority, defined as half of the votes plus one vote in both chambers, or in the Regional Assembly only, if the Senate is closed. The vote count shall never include abstentions.

    2. 1. 1. The Regional Assembly
    1. The Regional Assembly is the Lower House of Parliament in the region. Every member (see definition in Article 1. Section 2.) nation in the region is a Member of the Regional Assembly Parliament when they join the region.
    2. Members of the Regional Assembly can propose new bills at any time, and write drafts.
    3. Discussions of the Regional Assembly shall take place on the main Regional Message Board of the region. The Prime Minister and his officers government are is responsible for overseeing the discussions on the main RMB.
    4. Members of the Regional Assembly can propose constitutional amendments and a draft may be sent to the Regional Senate if it achieves 1/2 of the vote in the Lower House of Parliament.
    4. The legislative procedures in parliament shall be regulated by a dedicated institutional law.
    5. Laws adopted by the Parliament shall be publicly available and kept by the Founder. Constitutional amendments, once adopted, shall amend the Constitution.

    2. 1. 2. The Regional Senate
    1. The Regional Senate is the Upper House of Parliament. It is composed of elected members of the Regional Assembly as defined in Article 2.1.1.1. World Assembly nations, and the non-WA nations with WA registered controllers are also eligible. Members of the Regional Senate remain are also members of the Regional Assembly when they become Senators.
    2. Members of the Regional Senate are elected by the Regional Assembly in a serial process, usually during the 7 days after the Prime Minister elections and, if necessary, the weeks afterwards. Campaigning can begin right after the Prime Minister election. The election for members of the Regional Senate is called Legislative Election.
    3. The Regional Senate has a number of seats depending on the regional population. There is one seat per seven residents. If there are less than five Senators, the Supreme Court must close the Senate, and all its legislative powers revert to the Regional Assembly until a sufficient number of candidates stand for election to fill the five seats. To run for the Senate, a nation must tag the Founder, announcing their campaign.
    4. The election shall occur in a series of polls of 24 hours with a minimum number of three and a maximum number of five candidates each poll across a maximum of seven different polls in the first week (maximum of 35 candidates per week) and, if necessary, in the weeks afterwards. A candidate for Senate will be placed among the other candidates in a poll according to the order of their candidacy announcement. If there aren't enough candidates, a poll will not be prepared. A candidate not elected in one poll may participate in a subsequent poll if there are not enough newer candidacies. This, too, shall be set by the original order of candidacy announcement. If not elected in the first poll, a nation may withdraw from subsequent polls if they wish to do so. When a nation decides to be a candidate for the Senate, they can designate an alternate who will take their seat if they leave office.
    5. Discussions on the Regional Senate will take place in a separate Regional Message Board: LDA Regional Senate.
    6. The Regional Senate can propose amendments to the Constitution, write drafts or adopt drafts from the Regional Assembly, but 2/3 vote is necessary to pass an amendment to the constitution.
    6. The Senate will conduct one internal election to decide the nation that will be Chairman of the Regional Senate. The Chairman of the Regional Senate presides debates and is the spokesperson of the Senate. They have a maximum term of 80 days. Senators have the power to end the term of the Chairman of the Senate, with a three-quarters majority.
    7. Members of the executive or the judiciary shall not have a legislative seat. If a candidate for the office of Prime Minister is a senator and that nation wins the election, or if a nation is appointed to serve in the Government or as Chief Justice, their position on the Senate shall be lost, and it will be available in the next Legislative Election, unless they have designated an eligible alternate when declaring their candidacy.
    8. The term for a member of the Senate is double of the PM's (80 days) and this legislative body will be recomposed with each new Legislative Election. The Senate Chairman may call for a special election if too many Senate seats have been vacant.
    9. The two most voted nations in a poll will be granted a Senate seat if their votes amount to more than or equal to 1/5 of the region's number of members. If none of the candidates achieve this 1/5 or only the winner of the poll receives more than or equal to 1/5 of the membership number, only the most voted, and winner of the poll, shall be elected.
    10. The Senate can override a veto of the Prime Minister with a three-quarters majority.

    2. 2. Adoption of a law
    1. Laws adopted by the Parliament will be written in Civil Code section on the Constitution. Constitutional amendments will be added to the Constitution. It is illegal to pass laws in order to expand the duties, participation, and access of the Founder, except for Head of State duties (non-executive involvement).
    2. Members of the Regional Assembly (all members of the region, Senators included) can propose bill drafts.
    3. Every draft will be sent to the Regional Senate.
    4.The Regional Senate will analyse the draft and debate during a period of at least twelve hours and it can be amended if necessary. After a minimum of twelve hours and a maximum of thirty hours, the Chairman of the Senate may call for a vote. The law passes with a 1/2+1 majority vote. If the law is a Constitutional Amendment, a 2/3 vote in the Senate, as well as a 1/2+1 majority vote in the Regional Assembly are necessary.
    5. If the law is not passed, any member of the Regional Assembly can present a new similar but amended bill.
    6. Members of the Regional Assembly can organise parallel debates about the bill which will only have an advisory role for the Senators.
    7. If a bill is passed by the Parliament, the Chief Justice can veto it if he thinks the law is against the Constitution (see article about the Chief Justice). Any member of parliament can advise the Chief Justice to veto the bill.
    8. If a bill is passed by the Parliament, the Prime Minister has the right to veto it and make the bill null and void. If the Prime Minister agrees with the bill, he will sign it and the bill will be adopted as Regional Law. In the event of a veto, the government, if it wishes to do so, can inform the Parliament of the point they disagree with and the bill can then be sent back to the Parliament and the Senate.
    9. The Regional Senate can override a government veto by a 3/4 vote of no confidence.
    10. A vote for a bill will have to last twelve hours in the Regional Assembly, and twenty four hours in the Regional Senate. If all Senators vote (approve, reject or abstain) before the end of the fifteen hours, the vote ends.
    11. If a nation does not vote, its vote will count as an abstention.
    12. To vote in the Parliament, members will have to post their vote in the appropriate RMB (approve or reject) or a poll will be set up to count the votes.
    13. If the Senate is closed under the circumstances of article 2. 1. 2. 3. the laws will be passed by a 1/2+1 membership majority in the Regional Assembly, and the debate time will be the same as in the Senate. The Prime Minister will be the one calling for a vote. A 2/3 vote is necessary to pass a Consitutional Amendment in the Regional Assembly during the closure of the Senate.

Read dispatch

Title: A constitutional amendment of Article 2, Section 1 of the Constitution of Liberty Democratic Alliance to reform the legislative branch
Alternate Title: Constitutional reform of the Legislative Branch
Article 1: Amendments to the Constitution

2. 1. The Parliament:
1. The Parliament is the legislative body of the region. It's role is to draw up regional laws. It is composed of two chambers: the Regional Assembly and the Regional Senate.
2. No future law or amendment may remove the Parliament and the power it has, but the executive may choose to suspend parliament (for a set period, and a maximum of 40 days) through a poll that achieves a minimum of 1/2 of the membership number +1 votes in the Regional Assembly. If parliament is suspended, senators' term will be frozen, and discussions halted. It will resume normally when the Lower Parliament votes affirmatively to lift the suspension (by a 1/2 + 1 vote), or when the date set by the executive arrives.
3. Laws passed by Parliament must abide by the Constitution. Any bill that does not fully respect this Constitution will be censored.
4. Constitutional amendments require a two-thirds majority in the Regional Senate and in the Regional Assembly, or in the Regional Assembly only if the Senate is closed, to be adopted. All other bills require a simple majority, defined as half of the votes plus one vote in both chambers, or in the Regional Assembly only if the Senate is closed. The vote count shall never include abstentions.

2. 1. 1. The Regional Assembly
1. The Regional Assembly is the Lower House of Parliament in the region. Every member (see definition in 1 Article 1. Section 2.) in the region is a Member of the Regional Assembly.
2. Members of the Regional Assembly can propose new bills at any time, and write drafts.
3. Discussion of the Regional Assembly shall take place on the main Regional Message Board of the region. The government is responsible for overseeing the discussions on the main RMB.
4. The legislative procedures in Parliament shall be regulated by a dedicated institutional law.
5. Laws adopted by the Parliament shall be publicly available and kept by the Founder. Constitutional amendments, once- adopted, shall amend the Constitution.
_
2. 1. 2. The Regional Senate
1. The Regional Senate is the Upper House of Parliament. It is composed of elected members of the Regional Assembly as defined in 2.1.1.1. Members of the Regional Senate remain members of the Regional Assembly when they become Senator.
2. Members of the Regional Senate are elected by the Regional Assembly in a serial process, usually during the 7 days after the Prime Minister elections and, if necessary, the weeks afterwards. Campaigning can begin right after the Prime Minister election. The election for members of the Regional Senate is called Legislative Election.
3. The Regional Senate has a number of seats depending on the regional population. There is one seat per seven residents. If there are less than five Senators, the Supreme Court must close the Senate, and its legislative powers revert to the Regional Assembly until a sufficient number of candidates stand for election to fill the five seats. To run for the Senate, a nation must tag the Founder, announcing their campaign.
4. The election shall occur in a series of polls of 24 hours with a minimum number of three and a maximum number of five candidates each poll across a maximum of seven different polls in the first week (maximum of 35 candidates per week) and, if necessary, in the weeks afterwards. A candidate for Senate will be placed among the other candidates in a poll according to the order of their candidacy announcement. If there aren't enough candidates, a poll will not be prepared. A candidate not elected in one poll may participate in a subsequent poll if there are not enough newer candidacies. This, too, shall be set by the original order of candidacy announcement. If not elected in the first poll, a nation may withdraw from subsequent polls if they wish to do so. When a nation decides to be a candidate for the Senate, they can designate an alternate who will take their seat if they leave office.
5. Discussions of the Regional Senate will take place on a separate Regional Message board: LDA Regional Senate.
6. The Senate will conduct one internal election to decide the nation that will be Chairman of the Regional Senate. The Chairman of the Regional Senate presides debates and is the spokesperson of the Senate. They have a maximum term of 80 days. Senators have the power to end the term of the Chairman of the Senate, with a three-quarters majority
7. Members of the executive or the judiciary shall not have a legislative seat. If a candidate for the office of Prime Minister is a senator and that nation wins the election, or if a nation is appointed to serve in the Government or as Chief Justice, their position on the Senate shall be lost, and it will be available in the next Legislative Election, unless they have designated an alternate when declaring their candidacy.
8. The term for a member of the Senate is double of the PM's (80 days) and this legislative body will be recomposed with each new Legislative Election. The Senate Chairman may call for a special election if too many Senate seats have been vacant.
9. The two most voted nations in a poll will be granted a Senate seat if their votes amount to more than or equal to 1/5 of the region's number of members. If none of the candidates achieve this 1/5 or only the winner of the poll receives more than or equal to 1/5 of the membership number, only the most voted, and winner of the poll, shall be elected.
10. The Senate can override a veto of the Prime Minister with a three-quarters majority.

Read dispatch


This is everything I have found. Are there any other possible changes? I did find more issues on the first glance but maybe I just looked at the bad(well it's not bad, there were very few mistakes) parts.

Republic of Mesque wrote:There are typos that need to be addressed before enacting this.
We should have them reviewed and sent back to the Lower Parliament.

Sargk wrote:
Title: A constitutional amendment of Article 2, Section 1 of the Constitution of Liberty Democratic Alliance to reform the legislative branch
Alternate Title: Constitutional reform of the Legislative Branch
Article 1: Amendments to the Constitution

2. 1. The Parliament:
1. The Parliament is the legislative body of the region. It's role is to draw up regional laws. It is composed of two chambers: the Regional Assembly and the Regional Senate.
2. No future law or amendment may remove the Parliament and the power it has, but the executive may choose to suspend parliament (for a set period, and a maximum of 40 days) through a poll that achieves a minimum of 1/2 of the membership number +1 votes in the Regional Assembly. If parliament is suspended, senators' term will be frozen, and discussions halted. It will resume normally when the Lower Parliament votes affirmatively to lift the suspension (by a 1/2 + 1 vote), or when the date set by the executive arrives.
3. Laws passed by Parliament must abide by the Constitution. Any bill that does not fully respect this Constitution will be censored.
4. Constitutional amendments require a two-thirds majority in the Regional Senate and in the Regional Assembly, or in the Regional Assembly only if the Senate is closed, to be adopted. All other bills require a simple majority, defined as half of the votes plus one vote in both chambers, or in the Regional Assembly only if the Senate is closed. The vote count shall never include abstentions.

2. 1. 1. The Regional Assembly
1. The Regional Assembly is the Lower House of Parliament in the region. Every member (see definition in 1 Article 1. Section 2.) in the region is a Member of the Regional Assembly.
2. Members of the Regional Assembly can propose new bills at any time, and write drafts.
3. Discussion of the Regional Assembly shall take place on the main Regional Message Board of the region. The government is responsible for overseeing the discussions on the main RMB.
4. The legislative procedures in Parliament shall be regulated by a dedicated institutional law.
5. Laws adopted by the Parliament shall be publicly available and kept by the Founder. Constitutional amendments, once- adopted, shall amend the Constitution.
_
2. 1. 2. The Regional Senate
1. The Regional Senate is the Upper House of Parliament. It is composed of elected members of the Regional Assembly as defined in 2.1.1.1. Members of the Regional Senate remain members of the Regional Assembly when they become Senator.
2. Members of the Regional Senate are elected by the Regional Assembly in a serial process, usually during the 7 days after the Prime Minister elections and, if necessary, the weeks afterwards. Campaigning can begin right after the Prime Minister election. The election for members of the Regional Senate is called Legislative Election.
3. The Regional Senate has a number of seats depending on the regional population. There is one seat per seven residents. If there are less than five Senators, the Supreme Court must close the Senate, and its legislative powers revert to the Regional Assembly until a sufficient number of candidates stand for election to fill the five seats. To run for the Senate, a nation must tag the Founder, announcing their campaign.
4. The election shall occur in a series of polls of 24 hours with a minimum number of three and a maximum number of five candidates each poll across a maximum of seven different polls in the first week (maximum of 35 candidates per week) and, if necessary, in the weeks afterwards. A candidate for Senate will be placed among the other candidates in a poll according to the order of their candidacy announcement. If there aren't enough candidates, a poll will not be prepared. A candidate not elected in one poll may participate in a subsequent poll if there are not enough newer candidacies. This, too, shall be set by the original order of candidacy announcement. If not elected in the first poll, a nation may withdraw from subsequent polls if they wish to do so. When a nation decides to be a candidate for the Senate, they can designate an alternate who will take their seat if they leave office.
5. Discussions of the Regional Senate will take place on a separate Regional Message board: LDA Regional Senate.
6. The Senate will conduct one internal election to decide the nation that will be Chairman of the Regional Senate. The Chairman of the Regional Senate presides debates and is the spokesperson of the Senate. They have a maximum term of 80 days. Senators have the power to end the term of the Chairman of the Senate, with a three-quarters majority
7. Members of the executive or the judiciary shall not have a legislative seat. If a candidate for the office of Prime Minister is a senator and that nation wins the election, or if a nation is appointed to serve in the Government or as Chief Justice, their position on the Senate shall be lost, and it will be available in the next Legislative Election, unless they have designated an alternate when declaring their candidacy.
8. The term for a member of the Senate is double of the PM's (80 days) and this legislative body will be recomposed with each new Legislative Election. The Senate Chairman may call for a special election if too many Senate seats have been vacant.
9. The two most voted nations in a poll will be granted a Senate seat if their votes amount to more than or equal to 1/5 of the region's number of members. If none of the candidates achieve this 1/5 or only the winner of the poll receives more than or equal to 1/5 of the membership number, only the most voted, and winner of the poll, shall be elected.
10. The Senate can override a veto of the Prime Minister with a three-quarters majority.

Read dispatch


This is everything I have found. Are there any other possible changes? I did find more issues on the first glance but maybe I just looked at the bad(well it's not bad, there were very few mistakes) parts.

Thank you very much. I will correct this, but don't hesitate to correct other typos and even "strange" phrases if there are more.
Once passed in the Senate, the draft will have to be sent back to the Regional Assembly indeed.

Considering the previous discussions, this draft includes the suggestions by Sargk and a few minor standardizations.
Sheepiania France Europe Communist Lukania

Title: A constitutional amendment of Article 2, Section 1 of the Constitution of Liberty Democratic Alliance to reform the legislative branch
Alternate Title: Constitutional reform of the Legislative Branch

Article 1: Amendments to the Constitution

    2. 1. The Parliament:
    1. The Parliament is the legislative body of the region. Its role is to draw up regional laws. It is composed of two chambers: the Regional Assembly and the Regional Senate.
    2. No future law or amendment may remove the Parliament and the power it has, but the executive may choose to suspend parliament (for a set period, and a maximum of 40 days) through a poll that achieves a minimum of 1/2 of the membership number +1 votes in the Regional Assembly. If parliament is suspended, senators' term will be frozen, and discussions halted. It will resume normally when the Lower Parliament votes affirmatively to lift the suspension (by a 1/2 + 1 vote), or when the date set by the executive arrives.
    3. Laws passed by the Parliament must abide by the Constitution. Any bill that does not fully respect this Constitution will be censored.
    4. Constitutional amendments require a two-thirds majority in the Regional Senate and in the Regional Assembly, or in the Regional Assembly only, if the Senate is closed, to be adopted. All other bills require a simple majority, defined as half of the votes plus one vote in both chambers, or in the Regional Assembly only, if the Senate is closed. The vote count shall never include abstentions.

    2. 1. 1. The Regional Assembly
    1. The Regional Assembly is the Lower House of Parliament in the region. Every member (see definition in Article 1. Section 2.) nation in the region is a Member of the Regional Assembly Parliament when they join the region.
    2. Members of the Regional Assembly can propose new bills at any time, and write drafts.
    3. Discussions of the Regional Assembly shall take place on the main Regional Message Board of the region. The Prime Minister and his officers government are is responsible for overseeing the discussions on the main RMB.
    4. Members of the Regional Assembly can propose constitutional amendments and a draft may be sent to the Regional Senate if it achieves 1/2 of the vote in the Lower House of Parliament.
    4. The legislative procedures in parliament shall be regulated by a dedicated institutional law.
    5. Laws adopted by the Parliament shall be publicly available and kept by the Founder. Constitutional amendments, once adopted, shall amend the Constitution.

    2. 1. 2. The Regional Senate
    1. The Regional Senate is the Upper House of Parliament. It is composed of elected members of the Regional Assembly as defined in Article 2.1.1.1. World Assembly nations, and the non-WA nations with WA registered controllers are also eligible. Members of the Regional Senate remain are also members of the Regional Assembly when they become Senators.
    2. Members of the Regional Senate are elected by the Regional Assembly in a serial process, usually during the 7 days after the Prime Minister elections and, if necessary, the weeks afterwards. Campaigning can begin right after the Prime Minister election. The election for members of the Regional Senate is called Legislative Election.
    3. The Regional Senate has a number of seats depending on the regional population. There is one seat per seven residents. If there are less than five Senators, the Supreme Court must close the Senate, and all its legislative powers revert to the Regional Assembly until a sufficient number of candidates stand for election to fill the five seats. To run for the Senate, a nation must tag the Founder, announcing their campaign.
    4. The election shall occur in a series of polls of 24 hours with a minimum number of three and a maximum number of five candidates each poll across a maximum of seven different polls in the first week (maximum of 35 candidates per week) and, if necessary, in the weeks afterwards. A candidate for Senate will be placed among the other candidates in a poll according to the order of their candidacy announcement. If there aren't enough candidates, a poll will not be prepared. A candidate not elected in one poll may participate in a subsequent poll if there are not enough newer candidacies. This, too, shall be set by the original order of candidacy announcement. If not elected in the first poll, a nation may withdraw from subsequent polls if they wish to do so. When a nation decides to be a candidate for the Senate, they can designate an alternate who will take their seat if they leave office.
    5. Discussions on the Regional Senate will take place in a separate Regional Message Board: LDA Regional Senate.
    6. The Regional Senate can propose amendments to the Constitution, write drafts or adopt drafts from the Regional Assembly, but 2/3 vote is necessary to pass an amendment to the constitution.
    6. The Senate will conduct one internal election to decide the nation that will be Chairman of the Regional Senate. The Chairman of the Regional Senate presides debates and is the spokesperson of the Senate. They have a maximum term of 80 days. Senators have the power to end the term of the Chairman of the Senate, with a three-quarters majority.
    7. Members of the executive or the judiciary shall not have a legislative seat. If a candidate for the office of Prime Minister is a senator and that nation wins the election, or if a nation is appointed to serve in the Government or as Chief Justice, their position on the Senate shall be lost, and it will be available in the next Legislative Election, unless they have designated an eligible alternate when declaring their candidacy.
    8. The term for a member of the Senate is double of the PM's (80 days) and this legislative body will be recomposed with each new Legislative Election. The Senate Chairman may call for a special election if too many Senate seats have been vacant.
    9. The two most voted nations in a poll will be granted a Senate seat if their votes amount to more than or equal to 1/5 of the region's number of members. If none of the candidates achieve this 1/5 or only the winner of the poll receives more than or equal to 1/5 of the membership number, only the most voted, and winner of the poll, shall be elected.
    10. The Senate can override a veto of the Prime Minister with a three-quarters majority.

    2. 2. Adoption of a law
    1. Laws adopted by the Parliament will be written in Civil Code section on the Constitution. Constitutional amendments will be added to the Constitution. It is illegal to pass laws in order to expand the duties, participation, and access of the Founder, except for Head of State duties (non-executive involvement).
    2. Members of the Regional Assembly (all members of the region, Senators included) can propose bill drafts.
    3. Every draft will be sent to the Regional Senate.
    4.The Regional Senate will analyse the draft and debate during a period of at least twelve hours and it can be amended if necessary. After a minimum of twelve hours and a maximum of thirty hours, the Chairman of the Senate may call for a vote. The law passes with a 1/2+1 majority vote. If the law is a Constitutional Amendment, a 2/3 vote in the Senate, as well as a 1/2+1 majority vote in the Regional Assembly are necessary.
    5. If the law is not passed, any member of the Regional Assembly can present a new similar but amended bill.
    6. Members of the Regional Assembly can organise parallel debates about the bill which will only have an advisory role for the Senators.
    7. If a bill is passed by the Parliament, the Chief Justice can veto it if he thinks the law is against the Constitution (see article about the Chief Justice). Any member of parliament can advise the Chief Justice to veto the bill.
    8. If a bill is passed by the Parliament, the Prime Minister has the right to veto it and make the bill null and void. If the Prime Minister agrees with the bill, he will sign it and the bill will be adopted as Regional Law. In the event of a veto, the government, if it wishes to do so, can inform the Parliament of the point they disagree with and the bill can then be sent back to the Parliament and the Senate.
    9. The Regional Senate can override a government veto by a 3/4 vote of no confidence.
    10. A vote for a bill will have to last twelve hours in the Regional Assembly, and twenty four hours in the Regional Senate. If all Senators vote (approve, reject or abstain) before the end of the fifteen hours, the vote ends.
    11. If a nation does not vote, its vote will count as an abstention.
    12. To vote in the Parliament, members will have to post their vote in the appropriate RMB (approve or reject) or a poll will be set up to count the votes.
    13. If the Senate is closed under the circumstances of article 2. 1. 2. 3. the laws will be passed by a 1/2+1 membership majority in the Regional Assembly, and the debate time will be the same as in the Senate. The Prime Minister will be the one calling for a vote. A 2/3 vote is necessary to pass a Consitutional Amendment in the Regional Assembly during the closure of the Senate.

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Republic of Mesque wrote:Considering the previous discussions, this draft includes the suggestions by Sargk and a few minor standardizations.
Sheepiania France Europe Communist Lukania
Title: A constitutional amendment of Article 2, Section 1 of the Constitution of Liberty Democratic Alliance to reform the legislative branch
Alternate Title: Constitutional reform of the Legislative Branch

Article 1: Amendments to the Constitution

    2. 1. The Parliament:
    1. The Parliament is the legislative body of the region. Its role is to draw up regional laws. It is composed of two chambers: the Regional Assembly and the Regional Senate.
    2. No future law or amendment may remove the Parliament and the power it has, but the executive may choose to suspend parliament (for a set period, and a maximum of 40 days) through a poll that achieves a minimum of 1/2 of the membership number +1 votes in the Regional Assembly. If parliament is suspended, senators' term will be frozen, and discussions halted. It will resume normally when the Lower Parliament votes affirmatively to lift the suspension (by a 1/2 + 1 vote), or when the date set by the executive arrives.
    3. Laws passed by the Parliament must abide by the Constitution. Any bill that does not fully respect this Constitution will be censored.
    4. Constitutional amendments require a two-thirds majority in the Regional Senate and in the Regional Assembly, or in the Regional Assembly only, if the Senate is closed, to be adopted. All other bills require a simple majority, defined as half of the votes plus one vote in both chambers, or in the Regional Assembly only, if the Senate is closed. The vote count shall never include abstentions.

    2. 1. 1. The Regional Assembly
    1. The Regional Assembly is the Lower House of Parliament in the region. Every member (see definition in Article 1. Section 2.) nation in the region is a Member of the Regional Assembly Parliament when they join the region.
    2. Members of the Regional Assembly can propose new bills at any time, and write drafts.
    3. Discussions of the Regional Assembly shall take place on the main Regional Message Board of the region. The Prime Minister and his officers government are is responsible for overseeing the discussions on the main RMB.
    4. Members of the Regional Assembly can propose constitutional amendments and a draft may be sent to the Regional Senate if it achieves 1/2 of the vote in the Lower House of Parliament.
    4. The legislative procedures in parliament shall be regulated by a dedicated institutional law.
    5. Laws adopted by the Parliament shall be publicly available and kept by the Founder. Constitutional amendments, once adopted, shall amend the Constitution.

    2. 1. 2. The Regional Senate
    1. The Regional Senate is the Upper House of Parliament. It is composed of elected members of the Regional Assembly as defined in Article 2.1.1.1. World Assembly nations, and the non-WA nations with WA registered controllers are also eligible. Members of the Regional Senate remain are also members of the Regional Assembly when they become Senators.
    2. Members of the Regional Senate are elected by the Regional Assembly in a serial process, usually during the 7 days after the Prime Minister elections and, if necessary, the weeks afterwards. Campaigning can begin right after the Prime Minister election. The election for members of the Regional Senate is called Legislative Election.
    3. The Regional Senate has a number of seats depending on the regional population. There is one seat per seven residents. If there are less than five Senators, the Supreme Court must close the Senate, and all its legislative powers revert to the Regional Assembly until a sufficient number of candidates stand for election to fill the five seats. To run for the Senate, a nation must tag the Founder, announcing their campaign.
    4. The election shall occur in a series of polls of 24 hours with a minimum number of three and a maximum number of five candidates each poll across a maximum of seven different polls in the first week (maximum of 35 candidates per week) and, if necessary, in the weeks afterwards. A candidate for Senate will be placed among the other candidates in a poll according to the order of their candidacy announcement. If there aren't enough candidates, a poll will not be prepared. A candidate not elected in one poll may participate in a subsequent poll if there are not enough newer candidacies. This, too, shall be set by the original order of candidacy announcement. If not elected in the first poll, a nation may withdraw from subsequent polls if they wish to do so. When a nation decides to be a candidate for the Senate, they can designate an alternate who will take their seat if they leave office.
    5. Discussions on the Regional Senate will take place in a separate Regional Message Board: LDA Regional Senate.
    6. The Regional Senate can propose amendments to the Constitution, write drafts or adopt drafts from the Regional Assembly, but 2/3 vote is necessary to pass an amendment to the constitution.
    6. The Senate will conduct one internal election to decide the nation that will be Chairman of the Regional Senate. The Chairman of the Regional Senate presides debates and is the spokesperson of the Senate. They have a maximum term of 80 days. Senators have the power to end the term of the Chairman of the Senate, with a three-quarters majority.
    7. Members of the executive or the judiciary shall not have a legislative seat. If a candidate for the office of Prime Minister is a senator and that nation wins the election, or if a nation is appointed to serve in the Government or as Chief Justice, their position on the Senate shall be lost, and it will be available in the next Legislative Election, unless they have designated an eligible alternate when declaring their candidacy.
    8. The term for a member of the Senate is double of the PM's (80 days) and this legislative body will be recomposed with each new Legislative Election. The Senate Chairman may call for a special election if too many Senate seats have been vacant.
    9. The two most voted nations in a poll will be granted a Senate seat if their votes amount to more than or equal to 1/5 of the region's number of members. If none of the candidates achieve this 1/5 or only the winner of the poll receives more than or equal to 1/5 of the membership number, only the most voted, and winner of the poll, shall be elected.
    10. The Senate can override a veto of the Prime Minister with a three-quarters majority.

    2. 2. Adoption of a law
    1. Laws adopted by the Parliament will be written in Civil Code section on the Constitution. Constitutional amendments will be added to the Constitution. It is illegal to pass laws in order to expand the duties, participation, and access of the Founder, except for Head of State duties (non-executive involvement).
    2. Members of the Regional Assembly (all members of the region, Senators included) can propose bill drafts.
    3. Every draft will be sent to the Regional Senate.
    4.The Regional Senate will analyse the draft and debate during a period of at least twelve hours and it can be amended if necessary. After a minimum of twelve hours and a maximum of thirty hours, the Chairman of the Senate may call for a vote. The law passes with a 1/2+1 majority vote. If the law is a Constitutional Amendment, a 2/3 vote in the Senate, as well as a 1/2+1 majority vote in the Regional Assembly are necessary.
    5. If the law is not passed, any member of the Regional Assembly can present a new similar but amended bill.
    6. Members of the Regional Assembly can organise parallel debates about the bill which will only have an advisory role for the Senators.
    7. If a bill is passed by the Parliament, the Chief Justice can veto it if he thinks the law is against the Constitution (see article about the Chief Justice). Any member of parliament can advise the Chief Justice to veto the bill.
    8. If a bill is passed by the Parliament, the Prime Minister has the right to veto it and make the bill null and void. If the Prime Minister agrees with the bill, he will sign it and the bill will be adopted as Regional Law. In the event of a veto, the government, if it wishes to do so, can inform the Parliament of the point they disagree with and the bill can then be sent back to the Parliament and the Senate.
    9. The Regional Senate can override a government veto by a 3/4 vote of no confidence.
    10. A vote for a bill will have to last twelve hours in the Regional Assembly, and twenty four hours in the Regional Senate. If all Senators vote (approve, reject or abstain) before the end of the fifteen hours, the vote ends.
    11. If a nation does not vote, its vote will count as an abstention.
    12. To vote in the Parliament, members will have to post their vote in the appropriate RMB (approve or reject) or a poll will be set up to count the votes.
    13. If the Senate is closed under the circumstances of article 2. 1. 2. 3. the laws will be passed by a 1/2+1 membership majority in the Regional Assembly, and the debate time will be the same as in the Senate. The Prime Minister will be the one calling for a vote. A 2/3 vote is necessary to pass a Consitutional Amendment in the Regional Assembly during the closure of the Senate.

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Thank you. There are Sargk's corrections, and you added the word 'eligible', is it correct? Are there other changes I didn't notice?

France Europe wrote:Thank you. There are Sargk's corrections, and you added the word 'eligible', is it correct? Are there other changes I didn't notice?

Standardized the terms "The Parliament" and only "parliament".
Changed a few articles here and there. All very much minor.
(Articles in the linguistical sense)

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