- BATTLE OF PHU'O'NG LAM
14 January 1948 - Phu'o'ng Lam, Hoa Binh, Tonkin, French Indochina
| As part of the French counter-insurgency efforts in French Indochina, a detachment of 1,200 Algerian soldiers had joined over 7,000 other colonial soldiers sent to the colony to serve as a peacekeeping force while negotiations continue between the French government and various local leaders regarding eventual Indochinese independence. The 14th Algerian Regiment, one of three from Algeria to Indochina, had been dispatched nearly a month ago to the city of Phu'o'ng Lam, located along the Da River deep within the Vietnamese jungle to monitor the area, protect the city from insurgent attacks, and perform search and destroy missions on rebel camps nearby. To date, the whole regiment had only detected two camps, and successfully destroyed just one, leaving much to be desired by the regiment's leader, Col. Aboubacar Akeem and his commanding officers. With the elusive Viet Minh, the leading anti-French militant group in Indochina, continuing to stage attacks throughout Annam and Tonkin with few French military victories, the army's commanding officers have been desperate for a victory to drum up morale among the troops, the French people, and the local leaders in negotiation with the French government in the French Army's ability to eliminate local threats. |
| Since their deployment to Phu'o'ng Lam in mid-December, the Algerians had seen very little actual combat and thus, in spite of recent evidence elsewhere throughout Tonkin pointing to the opposite, French High Command has assumed that the Viet Minh presence in the area had been greatly exaggerated by intelligence reports throughout last year. Therefore, the base had developed a certain sense of security lulled on by assurances from French Armed Forces generalship of the unlikelyhood of a direct offensive attack against French military positions anywhere in French Indochina. Scattered hit and run attacks had already happened and, indeed, caused two injuries since mid-December, but all other casualties have so far been inflicted during offensive, search and destroy missions. Due to this air of security and almost invincibility, the defensive positions around the base have been poorly planned out. Only rudimentary machine gun posts, scattered on the edges of the base, and three mortar pits to the north, northwest, and east, serve as tangible proof of the base's defensive capabilities. |
| The sudden bombardment of the northernmost camp by howitzer shells in the dead of night completely takes the whole base off guard. Within the first bombardment, lasting roughly sixteen minutes, five soldiers in the base complex are killed as the Regiment wakes and rushes to grab their weapons and report to their posts. The shells, coming from the forested hills to the north, rip apart various tents throughout the camps and injure an additional ten or so soldiers. |
| After the cessation of the first bombardment, the base is met by small arms fire from all around. The Algerians return fire with their MAS-36 rifles and their FM 24/29 machine guns, firing off blankly into the forested darkness beyond the perimeter of the complexes. Around half an hour into the exchange of gunfire, Col. Akeem orders the mortar crews to fire flares out into the jungle to illuminate the enemy positions and potentially expose enemies within the fog of war. Five flares are launched, three directly above into the air and two lower towards the ground, their green hue giving the Algerian soldiers just a little bit of much needed visibility through the shroud of night. Some various Viet Minh fighters are illuminated and promptly fired at, however for the most part, the scattered gunfire comes from too far out to be exposed by the flares. Nonetheless, after the five first flares are launched, Col. Akeem orders the firing of another three. |
| Nearly an hour into the firefight, the Viet Minh howitzers open back up once again. Now focused in on the French positions, the ~3 Japanese-made artillery guns fire directly at the first line of defenses, a row of small concrete walls with firing ports for French soldiers. The mortar crews attempt to fire at the howitzers but, out of range of the small infantry mortars, continue to pound the base with 15 cm shells from the darkness. Instead of allowing the howitzers to needlessly take lives, Col. Akeem orders all lights in the base to be turned off or otherwise put out, allowing darkness to envelop the base. In this darkness, the order is sent to the troops in the first line of defenses to retreat behind the first concrete wall and into the smaller but more fortified inner base consisting of the mess hall, officer's tents, and command post. Despite the enemy guns now left to fire at nobody, the situation grows immensely more dire with even Col. Akeem grabbing a MAS-36 to use against the advancing Viet Minh. |
| The howitzers, continuing to fire for another thirty minutes after the Algerians had fallen back, eventually become silenced again, along with almost all of the Viet Minh's small arms fire. Ten minutes go by which the French troops use to check their ammunition, reorganize, and make better defensive positions in preparation for a possible all-out assault by the Viet Minh which, to the dismay of the Algerians, soon commences. Whistles, being blown from throughout the jungle, pierce the ears of the base's defenders who are soon met by fire on all sides, growing ever nearer. |
| Machine guns and semi-automatic rifles are fired on both sides for over an hour as the Viet Minh advance but are kept at an arms length by the defenders. The back and forth of firing wounds and kills a handful of the Algerian soldiers, but even worse devastation is brought about on the Viet Minh, whose corpses scatter the outer section of the base. With the sun now starting over the horizon, the Viet Minh's advance slowly grinds to a halt with the discharging of weapons growing less and less as the sky grows brighter and brighter. After staving off the advance for some two hours, silence once again engulfs the camp just a half hour before dawn. |
| By morning, the Battle of Phu'o'ng Lam had effectively ended in a crushing defeat for the Viet Minh. The total cost of life for the Algerian forces, a staggering 147 dead and 203 wounded, hardly compares to the near 1,500 Viet Minh dead or left to die in the aftermath of the assault on the compound. Nearly out of ammunition and with their living quarters destroyed due to the attack, a request in sent to the French colonial officials in the city itself to send word to French High Command for immediate evacuation from the camp. In the meantime, the bodies of the dead are collected and buried in unmarked graves in accordance with Muslim traditions. |
UNITED STATES BACKS KMT
FREE CHINA WILL NOT FALL
- President Wallace orders the deployment of 40,000 American troops to the Republic of China Glasalia to support the KMT government against the insurgency of the CCP threat. Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (SCAP), Douglas MacArthur, will oversee the operations of the Chinese front and promises to Nanjing as much arms and from transporting trucks to tanks it requires to win the ongoing civil war. With air cover one factor to win, the United States Air Force will pledge surplus world war two aircraft to the Republic of China to see this fight through to total victory! Military experts will be arriving to advise KMT commanders in the coming weeks, as Wallace makes this a pivotal oriental priority.
President Wallace also pledges to support French forces in Indochina, for to win China, Indochina too must be free from Communist rebellion! Aid to French Indochina will come in the form of expanded Wallace Plan money directly to France by 320 million.
Institution of municipal elections
Reasoning that locals within their communities are more knowledgeable about local affairs, I King Abdulaziz Ibn Saud hereby institute the creation of municipal elections, open to all citizens and residing nationals. Ultimate authority of course resides with the King, however it is my hope that this provision will better allow localities to govern, and the national government to better communicate with its people. With these municipal elections shall be a mayor and a city council, or a board of trustees. Offices relating to public safety, infrastructure, and the like are still to be appointed by the regional members of the House of Saud.
Creation of the Council of Ministers
To better serve me in my governance, I establish a council of ministers to aid me in my kingship. They shall be both skilled in the subject they advise in, as well as in administration, these ministries are as follows;
Ministry of Defence
Ministry of the National Guard
Ministry of the Interior
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Ministry of Islamic Affairs, Dawah, and Guidance
Ministry of Education
Ministry of Energy
Ministry of Justice
Ministry of Industry and Mineral Resources
Ministry of Commerce and Investment
Ministry of Transportation
Ministry of Economy and Planning
Ministry of Health
Ministry of Media
Ministry of Finance
Ministry of Culture
Ministry of Environment, Water, and Agriculture
Ministry of Hajj and Umrah
Ministry of Housing
Ministry of Labor and Civil Services
Ministry of Municipalities and Rural Affairs
Ministry of Information Technology and Communication
Establishment of the National Reserve and the Further Professionalization of the Armed Forces
The standing army is to begin the restructuring of the nation's order of battle and rotate formations in and out of training in the Hijaz Mountains. Also conscription will begin to be implemented with all males 18 to 25 needing to serve 1 year in the Armed Forces, and thereafter spend one weekend a month along with a continuous two week period once per year in train to maintain skill until the age of 40. Exceptions to this rule are those in economic and scientific positions that are defined by edict of the King. Finally officer schools are to be established for the Army, Navy, Air Force, and the National Guard.
Please read our Beginner’s Guide to help establish yourself and make yourself familiar with how our region works :)
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After that, fill out the application form via a factbook:
Claim: This will include the IC nation you wish to roleplay. This can either be a real life nation with real borders, a real life nation with alternate borders, or a completely unique concept within realism.
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Roleplay is easy! Here are a few ground rules:
1. All standalone roleplay posts must have at least 250 words (responses, meetings, etc do not have to meet this).
2. Every real life day correlates to one in character month, however you can roleplay retroactively as you wish, through a historic roleplay, flashback roleplay, etc.
3. No Metagaming. Metagaming for example is when someone tells you, out of character, that they plan on invading a nation and then you tell that nation to prepare. In-character-wise, no one but the invading nation knows. You can't use out-of-character information to effect in-character roleplay.
4. Keep it realistic- recognize the abilities of countries and concepts at the time, and stick to what seems most plausible within realism. Be reasonable, keep it real.
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The Roleplay Chessboard started as a joint project between six friends seeking to establish a new and active RMB-based alternate history roleplay region with a commitment to quality. Founded on May 7th of 2020, the moderator team consisting of Cherokee Confederates, Czabalkia, Teujira, Not Xav, Woraniana, and Zanbala PRZ have continued to pursue the betterment of the RPC as a fun community for roleplayers to get involved and have fun.
Some things to know about the RPC is that, as a general rule, OOC discussion is prohibited on the RMB. The RMB is reserved solely for In-Character Roleplays. Instead of using the RMB for OOC discussions, these discussions take place on our regional Discord server, which you can join simply by asking any of the moderators for an invite over TG. Our goal is to cultivate a strong, active, and fun environment conducive to quality roleplays here in the RPC, and if you have any suggestions or criticisms regarding our system or administration, let us know! You can simply TG a moderator or reach out to us on Discord. We'd like to thank you for checking us out, and encourage you to continue reading to get set up to roleplay!
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PEACE WITH THE PRC?
MARCH 1948 | CHINA
Treaty of Nanjing
His Excellency Chiang Kai-Shek has proposed a peace treaty with the Communists in the north, with the backing of USA and the recent advances that the Kuomintang has made it seems only a matter of time before the PRC would surrender, but since too many Chinese lives has been lost in this war, we have come up with a favourable treaty instead of total annexation. (note that this is only a breif summery of the treaty which shows only Key points)
In the Treaty it states that:
"The Republic of China will acknowledge the PRC as a sovereign nation under the under the following conditions:
1. Establishing a Union between Mongolia and the republic of China were China will be sed leader.
2. Establishing the boundaries of the PRC including, North inner Mongolia, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Beijing,Liaoning and due to Fennoscandia's help it will be receiving Macau and Free trade. The PRC will renounce its claims on the rest of China.
3. The PRC will Formally and in formally change its name to Manchuria so not to be Confused with the republic of - China.
4. Granting fishing and naval rights in the yellow sea to the republic of China
5. Releasing of Prisoners on both sides.
THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE ANNOUNCES IT'S SUPPORT FOR THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA.
MARCH 1948 | ISTANBUL, OTTOMAN EMPIRE
Today the Emperor of the Ottoman people , Ahmed Nihad announced its support for the People's republic of China because of the ideological similarities. The following is a quote from the Grand Vizir Mazhar Cevdet" The Ottoman Empire denounces the fake state of The ROC It's a regime built on terror. We will never support such an ideology .We will supply the PRC with arms and 5 000 professional Turkish soldiers."
Northern Federation News Service
"Your Reliable Source of News within the Northern Federation, since 1945"
Reykjavik National Shipyard Completed
- After the formation of the Northern Federation, a number of heavy-duty projects had been commissioned by the new government. Among these was the Reykjavik National Shipyards. This new shipyard, completed yesterday, can hold up to twenty Federation Standard Ships. The standard for Federation Standard Ships was created to accommodate large cargo vessels and naval vessels of large size. This new shipyard also contains ten dry-docks for ship construction. The dock facilities include enough space for up to 100,000 TEU containers. There are similar smaller ports currently still undergoing construction in the Northern Federation, as most of the construction efforts allocated for the ports was focused on the one in Reykjavik.
- Tomorrow, the drydocks will commence construction on the Northern Federation’s first five naval ships, which shall be built primarily from aluminum. The government has decided to call them Type-01A ships. These ships shall be coastal patrol ships that will ensure that no foreign nations or individuals could enter Northern Federation waters without permission from the Ministry of Peace. Many citizens are happy with the new work opportunities in the shipyard. In addition, five Type-1B commercial ships shall be built, using the same base hull as the Type-1A ships. These ships share the same hull design in order to make construction more streamlined and less costly. The Ministry of Peace is currently looking for individuals to train in naval operations. The Northern Federation is currently researching alternatives to traditional artillery propulsion methods due to the scarcity of resources that could be used to build traditional firing mechanism. The Ministry of Peace has therefore been holding off on building the actual artillery portions of any naval vessel, until after the solution is researched and developed.
This is an issue of the Northern Federation News Service's news paper, made available internationally by the Ministry of Welfare. Do not redistribute without permission from the Ministry of Welfare.
Glory to the North!
The Aurora shines brightly on the North today, for a new, powerful state has been born.
Kong Christian arises from his sumptuous feather bed in the Royal Palace in Stockholm, and it's a crisp fall morning outside. Fennoscandia is a happy place, but centuries ago brave sailors left these shores in search of one thing and one thing only: the prospect of adventure
The Viking Spirit is still strong among the people of this land, and they yearn for more than their (admittedly prosperous) lives in the Rike afford.
The King therefore establishes the Scandinavian Colonial Bureau, whose role shall be the establishment and governance of Scandinavian colonies abroad. It shall have consigned to it a naval fleet of size no greater than 50% of the Scandinavian Naval Force, as well as dedicated military personnel functioning as a sub-branch of the armed forces: these shall include assault troops, marines, and colonial garrisons.
For the present, the appropriate amount of fleet power is consigned to this force, namely 3 ships or 1% of the Scandinavian Navy. These include 1 capital ship (SV Oslo-BB, 23k t), 1 destroyer (SV Hammersfjörd-DD, 2500 t) and 1 submarine (SV Kong Gustav- SB, 1000 t), along with troopships consisting of three personnel carriers each with capacity 4500 men, and supply ships (4) sufficient for 2 years at sea for the flotilla. A contingent of the Scandinavian military shall also accompany them, numbering 10,000 of which 3000 are marines and 2000 colonial garrison, and who shall be accompanied by administrative staff, civil servants, and other bureaucrats.
The Colonial Bureau is tasked thus with identifying a region suitable for Scandinavian economic colonisation, beginning with the regions of southern Africa & Cuba.
Administrative staff are also dispatched to the newly acquired port of Macau, along with a garrison of 200 regulars.
Peace In Our Time
The Svea Rike announces its full and concerted support for the peace treaty proposed by the Republic of China. We urge the PRC to accept the favourable and generous terms proposed, in order to halt this endless destruction of Chinese lives.We further proclaim that should the PRC not be forthcoming in the acceptance of the proposed terms, we will have no choice but to intervene.
The industrial apparatus of the Rike is considerable: but it can become far larger. The Thing announces the investment in the domestic industrial sector, including heavy industry (Norway), military apparatus (Sweden), and pharmachemical enterprise (Denmark).
Private enterprise such as Saab and Bofors are tasked with the design and manufacture of Swedish arms for use by the Rike and for export, along with the optimisation of the nascent Saab Tunnan jet fighter in a multi-role capacity.
The Swedish Academy of Sciences is tasked, with the help of industry, with harnessing the power of the atom. Scandinivian scientists such as Niels Bohr pioneered this field, and with the help of the Jewish refugees harboured in the war (Nazi German archives were also deported to Sweden in the last months of the war), to find means of developing nuclear power for domestic use in the form of power plants, as well as in a military capacity in the form of reactors for ships and bombs. Swedish engineers under the 1947-established Atomic Energy Company shall demonstrate the Rike's ability to do this via the independent construction of a small prototype heavy water reactor in January 1948, and the uranium enrichment facilities and centrifuges here are repurposed for the enrichment of a critical mass of Uranium-235 sufficient for one prototype nuclear device as well as one reactor, this uranium shall be procured from Svalbard.
Research shall also be done into utilising the many rivers and streams of Scandinavia into producing hydroelectric power, which at present supplies 18% of the domestic need. The government proscribes a 100% sustainable energy source by the year 1960.
The Scandinavian Navy
The shipyards at Drammen, Frederikstad and Gothenburg are tasked with the production of ships for the Scandinavian Navy. Drammen is tasked with submarines, Frederikstad with cruisers and destroyers, and Gothenburg with capital ships: battleships and carriers. They shall be nationalised and given access to the entire resources of the Design Bureau of the Navy, and shall be set quotas, namely:3 conventional submarines of the Roskilde class (2000 tonne displacement), 1 destroyer of the Faroe class (4000 tonnes) and 1 carrier every 2 years of the Sverige class (21,000 tonnes).
The designs used shall be similar to those utilised in the later months of the Second World War by Sweden, with the appropriate modifications to make them viable. Additionally, the carrier shall be designed from the ground up by Scania Inc and Saab, in conjunction with the shipyards and the Government.
A naval base is to be established on the Faroe islands, with berths for 20 submarines, 15 destroyers and 3 capital ships, as well as room for expansion.
The World Stage
The Rike announces its desire to apply for membership within the United Nations, and further states the upcoming visit of Kong Christian to Reykjavik to discuss the arms deal, as well as to establish relations between the two Nordic countries.
Furthermore, it is cognisant of the harsh plight faced by the nation of Ethiopia, and suggests that some form of agreement may be developed for their assistance.
Additionally, the Rike is aware of the newly formed nation of India, and requests that this nation recognise the Danish colonies of Nicobar as an overseas territory of the Rike, as well as respecting its sovereignty. We request that the residents of these islands, although Fennoscandian citizens, be given the right to apply for residency within the Republic of India, in order that they may have the ability to travel in this newly formed neighbour.
THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE BUYS ARMS AND MOBILISES AGAINST GREECE
APRIL 1948 | Ottoman Empire
Today the ottoman foreign ministry announced an arms deal with Fennoscandia. They also said that the Ottoman military is mobilising against Greece.A statement from the Foreign Ministry was Greece was a part of the Ottoman empire for a long time and now they should return to the Ottoman empire after being formally independent for about 119 years.
- April 1948
Palazzo Chigi, Prime Minister's residence
• Fortino Bongiovanni , Prime Minister of Italy
• Mario Scelba , Interior Minister
• Luigi Gasparotto , Defence Minister
【 Communist Uprise in Southern Italy 】
A huge victory for Bongiovanni’s government as they have managed to pass a sufficient budget for the Italian Government for the 1948 fiscal year. The government has pledged more economic support into public infrastructure and government programs. Subsidies have been given to local factories and farmers, but have come at a hefty price. Defence spending had been lashed by nearly 45% forcing the Italian Armed Forces to reduce its numbers from 120,000 active military personnel to 60,000. Low military leadership overall has left the Italian Armed Forces in shambles for years even during the Great War, Bongiovanni has promised to reform the military through its high ranking officers. The Prime Minister along with his Minister of Defence, head of both the state police and Carabinieri.
| Scelba | Well to be clear Mr. Prime Minister the communist factions within the Campania and Sicily region specifically have been targeting anti communist individuals and vice versa. Sir, this major escalation is a serious threat to our national security. |
| Gasparotto | What our Interior Minister says is indeed true, however it is up to him to make sure that our national police and local law enforcement agencies must be at the ready. 3 bombs already went off in Salerno, 16 people have died and more than 70 people have been reported injured. Isn’t this accurate? |
| Gaparotto looks to Scelba for clarification. |
| Scelba | This is correct b- |
| Bongiovanni interjects |
| Bongiovanni: | Jesus Christ, who are the men responsible for such action? |
| Scelba: |National officers in coordination with the local authorities claim that this was an act by the communist “rebel” groups that have been sparking havoc across the southern region. I’m afraid that this escalation can further continue to become a national security risk. They’re rumours floating around that a full fledged occupation in certain cities. |
| Bongiovanni: |Communist strongholds? |
| Scelba: | Yes sir. |
| Bongiovanni gets up from his chair and walks towards the refreshments at the back of the room. He pours himself some red wine before taking a sip.|
| Bongiovanni: | Very well, I want these rumours extinguished, immediately. Any rogue state claiming occupation is a crime against the republic, and I don’t care what we do, kill them if you have to but I don’t want to spark another civil war in this country. |
| Gasparotto: | Well now, it’s worth noting since this budget past last month our defence capabilities are extremely insufficient in terms of… well if the allies were to invade us again it would be like them walking through the door of a 3 star hotel. Our active personnel has been cut to 60,000 in terms of overall in all three branches of the military, and our technology and development has nearly halted to support the economy. Now, we may need to lay low in this new war, this Cold War tensions between Western and Eastern Europe. |
| Scelba was shocked to hear what came out of the Defence Minister’s mouth, looking at him with anger and a sense of disbelief. |
| Scelba: |How dare you, lay low while the communist infiltrate our southern regions? They ought to just march through Rome and replace the tricolour with the red flag and that god awful hammer and sickle. Italy must remain on the pro western agenda when it comes to this new war. |
| Bongiovanni sighed as he took his last sip of wine before walking over to his desk. |
| Bongiovanni: |Maybe our Defence Minister is right, with the way our defence capabilities look and if the Soviet Union does plan to use East Germany as a pawn to spread their influence through the rest of Europe then its best that we stay out of it and focus on our own internal affairs. As we look to the East, you see the Ottoman Empire invading Greece further spreading their socialist ideologies into Europe by invading Europe’s oldest democracies. Italy must stand aside. |
| Scelba shook his head in disappointment. |
- CHARLES NAPOLEON, MAURICE GAMELIN SENTENCED IN HIGH COURT
29 April 1948 - Palais de Justice, Paris, French Republic
| After two six-month long trials in the High Court of France, former Emperor Charles Napoleon I and former High Commander of the Grande Armée Maurice Gamelin were both found guilty of treason and conspiracy against the nation by the court. In France v. Bonaparte , the High Court ruled unanimously in favor of the use of the death penalty due to Emperor Charles Napoleon's neglect of the Grande Armée in the years leading up to the war, however being sentenced to death by decapitation in absentia, it is unlikely that the disgraced Emperor shall ever face justice, now living in the Republic of the Kongo. France v. Gamelin, however, was much more divisive, however by the end of the trial which included hundreds of officers, military staff, and infantrymen, the High Court found General Gamelin guilty of all charges and sentenced to life in prison at Fort du Portalet in the Pyrenees Mountains. |
| Presiding over the case was Justice Gauthier Longchambon, one of the nation's leading pre-War criminal lawyers who was imprisoned in Sachsenhausen concentration camp for his Jewish heritage, recently appointed to serve as Supreme Justice of the High Court of Cassation by President Daladier. For the duration of the trial, Justice Longchambon has been under intense military police protection due to the high profile nature of the trials and the potential of a Bonapartist or Nazi sympathizer potentially seeking vengeance on Justice Longchambon for his role in the trials. The identities of the members of the jury have also been kept completely anonymous for their security as well. |
| With General Gamelin being flown directly to the Fourt du Portalet for his imprisonment, President Daladier has made a formal request to the government of the Kongo for the immediate extradition of Charles Napoleon Bonaparte from the Kongo, where he lives in a massive and lavish estate in light of his sentencing. |
- 読 • 𝕿𝖍𝖊 𝖄𝖔𝖒𝖎𝖚𝖗𝖎 𝕾𝖍𝖎𝖒𝖇𝖚𝖓
- 99円 — Since 1874
- National Issue N°1 | Shōwa 22 | May 26, 1947
- NEW CONSTITUTION SHELVED AMID EMPEROR UNCERTAINTIES: DIET TO DRAFT ALTERNATE VERSION
- Nobutaka Shimada — Nagatachō, Tokyo | House of Representatives President Komakichi Matsuoka formally announced the suspension of the post-war Constitution during the parliamentarians' morning session. The new coalition has taken steps to suspend its entry into law as of the new developements surrounding the SCAP's demand that a second Tokyo Tribunal be held, to which His Majesty the Emperor has been invited. It is yet unknown if His Majesty is to be tried, but this step has prompted the Diet to begin the process of a new constitutional draft alongside Allied authorities. Few details have been made available, but some Socialists and Liberals have begun propagating the idea of a republic, or an "Emperor-less" parliamentarian regime as possibilities. The Constitution, which is set to replace the one drafted during the Meiji Era in 1889, had already been fully completed and ratified last year, and was only set to officially come into effect on May 3. Whether the Constitution will still be adopted at a later date, or rewritten to erase the role of the Emperor as a powerless "symbol of unity", is yet to be seen, and entirely dependent on the Japanese cooperation with the Allied authorities due to the current state of non-sovereignty of Japan. |
- MR. TETSU KATAYAMA, SOCIALIST, BECOMES PRIME MINISTER
- Nobutaka Shimada — Nagatachō, Tokyo | Mr. Katayama has officially become Japan's Prime Minister following the 23rd general elections for the House of Representatives. His Socialist Party has won 144 seats, followed by the Democrats' 132 and the Liberals' 129 - 234 seats of 466 being needed to obtain a majority. The Socialist Party has entered a coalition alongside the Democratic and National Cooperative parties. Mr. Katayama has announced to the Diet his pressing wishes to see Japan's Constitutional framework firmly decided by next year, as well as his progressive and reformist ambitions in the areas of labour rights, maternity leaves, and social progress. He has already made history by creating the nation's first Labour Ministry, which will be charged with enacting a wide set of social reforms. Naturally, Mr. Katayama has pledged total alignment with the democratic values set to be adopted by the country, and cherished by Governor MacArthur. [...] The Communist Party, which has obtained four seats, has derided Mr. Katayama's leadership as "social treason of the workers". |
- SECRET SOURCES: EMPEROR ABDICATION A POSSIBILITY
- Shigemitsu Matayoshi — Kōkyo, Tokyo | Unofficial declarations, made in private in the entourage of former Prime Ministers Kijuro Shidehara and Shigeru Yoshida, as well as informal gossip from the Imperial Household Ministry, have reached the Yomiuri Shimbun by way of confidential sources. They state that the adbication of His Majesty the Emperor [Hirohito] is very well a possibility, should he indeed face trial at the Second Tokyo Tribunal. Such an act would be the first in more than a century; the future of the Imperial institution itself could be at stake. Two scenarios have been evoked by our sources: The first includes a formal adbication by His Majesty so he can face trial without endangering the monarchy, and a regency period of several years until Prince Akihito is of age to rule - In 1952. The second, more drastic, would turn His Majesty into the last sovereign of Japan, and would put an end to the Imperial institution. |
- FRANCO-LAOTIAN ACCORDS SIGNED AS FRANCE BEGINS WITHDRAWAL FROM LAOS
21 April 1948 - Vientiane, Kingdom of Laos, French Indochina
| After months in negotiation, the French Republic and the Laotian King Sisavang Vong have officially signed the Franco-Laotian Accords in the Laotian capital of Vietiane which, according to the provisions of the accords, has officially ended the French protectorate in Laos and established Laos as an independent state free of French influence with King Sisavang Vong as the sovereign Head of State. The accords, presided over by High Commissioner Alfred Gabriel Joseph Valmary and King Sisavang Vong, were signed by both representatives in the Royal Palace of Laos surrounded by French and Laotian political and military officials. As the official representative of the French Republic to Laos, High Commissioner Valmary has been selected to serve as the first Ambassador of France to the Kingdom of Laos. |
| The Franco-Laotian Accords have established, alongside the independence of Laos, a continued French military presence in Laos through small infantry bases near Luang Prabang, Vietiane, and at various locations along the Laotian-Indochinese border, as well as two airbases at Luang Prabang and Pakse. Other issues such as trade and free travel have been addressed in the agreements as well, ensuring stable ties between France and Laos. The Laotian government, for its part, has agreed to respect the status of France's role within the rest of Indochina, even as negotiations continue with leaders in Cambodia and Annam regarding French withdrawal throughout the Indochinese Federation. |
| Laotian independence, though highly popular among left-wing elements of France, has had its critics, with many pro-colonial advocates in France describing worry over Laotian independence as the beginning of a chain of events which will lead to the collapse of the French Empire overseas. Pro-colonial advocates in France as well as in northern Algeria and even as far away as white settlers in French Congo have staged rallies in opposition to decolonization. Various missionary organizations, some of whom are extremely reliant on French military, political, and economic support, have joined these pro-colonial organizations in opposition to decolonization, however President Daladier's left-wing coalition government has made its stance perfectly clear- decolonization will occur where it must occur. |
| For an unspecified period of time, elements of the French Foreign Legion shall continue to operate in Laos alongside French forces in-country to combat communist and anti-monarchic uprisings, as well as combat supposed Viet Minh presence in Laos. |
- "𝘞𝘪𝘵𝘩 𝘨𝘳𝘦𝘢𝘵 𝘳𝘦𝘴𝘱𝘦𝘤𝘵 𝘸𝘦 𝘸𝘢𝘵𝘤𝘩 𝘢𝘴 𝘵𝘩𝘦 𝘱𝘦𝘰𝘱𝘭𝘦 𝘰𝘧 𝘓𝘢𝘰𝘴 𝘤𝘦𝘭𝘦𝘣𝘳𝘢𝘵𝘦 𝘵𝘩𝘦𝘪𝘳 𝘯𝘦𝘸𝘧𝘰𝘶𝘯𝘥 𝘪𝘯𝘥𝘦𝘱𝘦𝘯𝘥𝘦𝘯𝘤𝘦 𝘢𝘯𝘥 𝘢𝘴𝘱𝘪𝘳𝘦 𝘵𝘰 𝘤𝘰𝘭𝘭𝘢𝘣𝘰𝘳𝘢𝘵𝘦 𝘸𝘪𝘵𝘩 𝘵𝘩𝘦 𝘓𝘢𝘰𝘵𝘪𝘢𝘯 𝘨𝘰𝘷𝘦𝘳𝘯𝘮𝘦𝘯𝘵 𝘧𝘰𝘳 𝘵𝘩𝘦 𝘱𝘳𝘰𝘴𝘱𝘦𝘳𝘪𝘵𝘺 𝘰𝘧 𝘍𝘳𝘢𝘯𝘤𝘦 𝘢𝘯𝘥 𝘓𝘢𝘰𝘴 ... 𝘍𝘳𝘢𝘯𝘤𝘦 𝘤𝘢𝘯𝘯𝘰𝘵 𝘢𝘧𝘧𝘰𝘳𝘥 𝘵𝘰 𝘤𝘰𝘯𝘵𝘪𝘯𝘶𝘦 𝘴𝘲𝘶𝘢𝘯𝘥𝘦𝘳𝘪𝘯𝘨 𝘵𝘪𝘮𝘦 𝘢𝘯𝘥 𝘳𝘦𝘴𝘰𝘶𝘳𝘤𝘦𝘴 𝘨𝘰𝘷𝘦𝘳𝘯𝘪𝘯𝘨 𝘱𝘦𝘰𝘱𝘭𝘦 𝘸𝘩𝘰 𝘢𝘳𝘦 𝘤𝘢𝘱𝘢𝘣𝘭𝘦 𝘰𝘧 𝘨𝘰𝘷𝘦𝘳𝘯𝘪𝘯𝘨 𝘵𝘩𝘦𝘮𝘴𝘦𝘭𝘷𝘦𝘴."
- - 𝐏𝐫𝐞𝐬𝐢𝐝𝐞𝐧𝐭 𝐄𝐝𝐨𝐮𝐚𝐫𝐝 𝐃𝐚𝐥𝐚𝐝𝐢𝐞𝐫, 𝟐𝟏 𝐀𝐩𝐫𝐢𝐥 𝟏𝟗𝟒𝟖
- MARCH, 1948
THE SIBERIAN CORRIDOR!
USSR, VLADIVOSTOK — MORNING
| Premier Georgy Zhukov announced a plan to create what he called the “Siberian Corridor”, which will be an area of dense population that is closely interconnected and seamless with the more populous West and the Turkic areas. The corridor would begin at Tyumen, head into the Novosibirsk area and finally the pacific coast of the Soviet Union which includes Sakhalin, Vladivostok and Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy. The most important part of this plan would be getting the area populus, in an urban sense and greater improving infrastructure in the area to ensure easy and swift transport of goods. The first thing the Soviet Union will do is construct 4 highways between the west and the east, with a general idea of what the system will look like being this: https://prnt.sc/twpv0n. This highway network will be apart of a greater system known as the “Inter-Republic Motorway System” which is based on the German autobahn, some Georgy Zhukov first hand saw and experienced, he would remark on the battlefield in World War 2 that it was “genius”, thus it is not a surprise he wished to replicate such a system in the Soviet Union. |
| The second important part of the system was the train network, which was expected to be far more advanced and complicated then the highway system. Zhukov would order Soviet Engineers to diligently begin work on a train that could go 200 miles an hour, which would allow someone to travel from Moscow to Vladivostok in a day in a half. However many of the trains would be based on the transport of goods. 10,000s of new rail was to be built and laid, connecting cities, industrial centers, and areas that mined raw materials. While the train for passenger services had yet to been developed it was known it was to be electrified and on a certain type of track so the route was already being planned and the track was to be laid. Airport infrastructure was also very important, new international airports with attached air force and radar stations were to be built in Vladivostok, Khabarovsk, Komsomolsk-on-Amur and 10 other cities as well the planned cities Zhukov has ordered to be constructed. |
| One of the hallmarks of Zhukov’s Siberian Corridor plan was the creation of planned cities. Each planned city would be constructed using Vernacular architecture, with all houses being built according to the standards placed by the “rebuild the people” plan that Zhukov made. The cities would be industrial centers, and be home to mineral management and mineral processing. Around 12 cities were planned with the locations as follows: https://imgur.com/a/Ttobusb. Each city would hold anywhere between 500,000 to 1 million people initially. To populate these planned cities and of course the cities that were already established, Zhukov announced mass “job relocations”. The order naturally was challenged, and went all the way to the High Court, the High Court ruled that Zhukov could not “forcibly transfer people” as Stalin did but could “relocate their job”, which in turn would force people to have to move should they want to remain employed. Almost the entire ethnic population of Lithuania, Estonia and Lativians would be relocated to the SIberian Corridor (Around 4.5 million), the entire Moldovan ethnic population (2 million), and 15 million Russian and Ukrainians. |
The Ethiopian Times
(Publications available in Amharic and French)
Government Reinvests in Agriculture
The Ethiopian Parliament passed a new act to strip cultural projects of their funding. The Progressive Party issued a statement that stated that government made a mistake. The government will rectify the mistake immediately. All cultural projects have been canceled per the order of the government.
Parliament has reinvested £100 million loan from the Bank of England and the Bank of the Kongo into agriculture. The investments will be introduced to increasing farming output to feed the nation. The government has also contracted a Franco-Ethopian Transportation Company to construct paved roads and bridges, bring electricity and phone lines to villages, rural areas and other urban areas. The company has hired thousands of workers to complete the task. These projects will improve the lives of millions.
- APRIL, 1948
𝘼 𝙏𝘼𝙇𝙆 𝘼𝘽𝙊𝙐𝙏 𝘽𝙊𝙍𝙉𝙀𝙊
Persoalan Tentang Borneo
DJAKARTA, JAVA – AFTERNOON
| It has been more than 6 months since the Hindia Timur achieved its independence. Last month, the Hindia Timuran delegation is sent to Banjarmasin for further discussion on the negotiations on the island of Borneo. But the delegate itself was killed during a raid on Balikpapan. Along with a few Freedom Fighters.
At this time, as much as possible, the Hindia Timur tried to contact the Dutch because they wanted a peaceful ending. It has been 5 months since the National Army destroyed the headquarters and fought with the Dutch. It was recorded that after the independence of the East Indies, around 754 soldiers died, both from the Freedom Fighters and from the Dutch side.
Borneo is one of the largest islands in the East Indies archipelago, and is a strategic place both during the colonial era and in the present also. This afternoon, in Djakarta, Soekarna accompanied by Muhammad Hatta will fly to Banjarmasin to meet the Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies.
The sound of an old DC-6 aircraft engine roaring in a former Dutch airport. Soekarna was seen climbing the plane's stairs when a boy came bringing bad news. 20 people from the Dutch East Indies officials were bombarded by a homemade bomb in Makassar. This of course could cause the Hindia Timuran relationship with the Netherlands to heat up further so that negotiations would be impossible.
Soekarna then got off the plane, knowing this could get worse. Flights to Banjarmasin were canceled. On the other hand, the Hindia Timuran State party would contact the Netherlands by telegram, intending to invite negotiations in Djakarta which was fully under state control.
The telegrams sent to Banjarmasin are as follows:|
Aan: Louis Beel, Gouverneur-Generaal van Nederlands-Indië
Hierbij nodigen wij de Nederlandse delegatie uit om te onderhandelen over de annexatie van het eiland Borneo en omgeving.
Djakarta, 10 April 1948
To: Louis Beel, Governor General of the Dutch East Indies
We hereby invite the Netherlands delegation to negotiate the annexation of the island of Borneo and the surrounding area.
| With this, it is hoped that the meeting of the two parties will run well without any disturbances. The meeting itself was diverted because Banjarmasin still had the potential to become a battleground again, compared to Djakarta which was fully under state control.|
Argentinian Commonwealth - La Rio de la Plata
Trying to not add fire to fury and alienate the many Environmentalists in the Argent, La Presidenta announced that she'd be passing a series of "Green" laws, specifically to the south and southeastern parts of Argentina. She promised to severely combat Littering, as well as planting more trees in less-forested areas. Though Argentina has been working nonstop when it'd came to Mining and boosting-up the Economy, she also had to work on Beautification. Making sure the future wasn't just educated, or rich, or even busy, but making sure they knew about their surroundings and taking care of Wildlife. |
| La Presidenta also declared "war" unto all of the Communists and Preservationists in Argentina, stating that "the Sunriot is no place for the Violent Left. In all of my time serving my Country, I've never seen such intolerance for others."
The Preservationists also had to be stopped, and so, most of them were jailed alongside the Communists or mass-deported.
"When the 'Patriotic Right' starts acting like the Left they hate, like a buncha wild dogs, then they are no more than Communists. No more than threats to a Civilized World." Avery also stated.
She also denounced Communism-Socialism by saying: "Communism is warfare. A new age will be one without such rabid terrorists. They brutalize London, Rome, Paris, Buenos Aires, Washington D.C, Mexico City, and many civilized places. Like a dog, they are to be put into their places. The Commonwealth will not stand for such violence, such insurrectionism. As we fought the Germans and the invaders who sided with them, as we took such wide-ranging stances against the Brazilians and criminals to the Latino World, Argent will take stances against Communism like so." |
| Avery also commented: "The Julietists aren't loyal to me. I'm loyal to them. Instead of stonewalling and being obstructionists, instead of supporting German and Soviet Dogs, the Julietists have been a party of radical change. It has been called 'Radical Liberalism,' but I do not see how this is bad. If anything, we're civilized and artistic folk."
She also announced the Argentinian flag change, from a flag that heavily-emphasized the Sun, to a flag similar to France (a tricolor, though not that similar as it was horizontal and not vertical), this flag being White/Blue/Purple. It still held the Sun onto it, though this symbolism represented "new tomorrows." The white represented Clearness and open-mindedness. The blue was a long-time color of the Argentinian People, though also stood for Hope and Light. Lastly, the Purple. The purple represented the Julietists, and that Avery wanted to give back to her party. Indirectly, it immortalized her party into Argentina, but, the Julietists have shown they were a force for good. The purple was also on the Julietists' symbol, their bow was purple. |
| "As we've fought Anarchism in Spain, we'll fight all you radicals. The radicals to the Northern Hemisphere and the radicals to the Orient, in China. I stand with the KMT and any Anticommunist Actor. Without Capitalism, there'd be no Argentina. Without being an Allied nation, we'd be far worse than Brazil, those dogs have wanted to see us weak for many years." La Presidenta stated.
"I will also offer, offer to my friends in France that they start using MET principles; they will better your country, especially Technocracy. I'd like more strengthened ties to France, and I am somewhat saddened to see them losing their grip. Laos could fall into Soviet hands, and I know both parties (the Argentinians and Frenchmen) wouldn't want to see that. If I had to, and Brazil was anarchic, I'd occupy them. People have accused me of strongmanning; this is true. I want to see the upmost best for Argentina. For all of my Latin brothers-and-sisters, especially in the US and Mexico. I'd like to see Latinamerica grow and get better, and not suck-up to Communist scum in Moscow."
She also added: "France is weakening itself; it's so-so sad. I do not want France to become another Spain. I want the very best for them, they are my friends. We've economically-boosted them, and we've supported their Empire. France will crumble, and I do not want to see that."
- APRIL 1948
CAIRO, EGYPT — MIDDLE EAST
الوطن - العمل - استقلال
The Homeland - Labour - Independence
ALEXANDRIA HOSTS U.S-EGYPT CONFERENCE ON EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN SECURITY
American and Egyptian flags were hoisted today at one of Alexandria's luxuriously ordained estates. Across Egypt's newspapers images of US Secretary of State George Marshall and Aziz Sedqi standing side by side in Alexandria signalled to many the birth of a new working partnership between Cairo and Washington. The Secretary of State arrived in Alexandria for a 3 day visit and negotiating period on April 1st 1948, meeting with the Egyptian Chief of Staff and Seqdi with respect to security in the Mediterranean Sea. That security is showing signs of being undermined as Communist insurgents which are likely backed by Moscow execute a campaign of uprisings against Italy's central government from their stronghold in Sicily. Furthermore, Turkey, a confirmed ally of the Soviet Union is seeking military action against Greece, which is supported by the Western Allies.
The United States is seeking a close ally in the region, of which Egypt is a firm contender for such due to its geography, political climate and economic potential. Thus, to initiative dialogue, Egypt requested a formal audience with the Secretary of State. Upon the announcement, President Truman pledged up to 50 million USD worth of economic aid, as part of the wider Marshall Plan, to be at the disposal of Egypt and its modernization efforts. Truman says that Egypt's economic strength is of paramount importance to the wider effort of the Western-bloc in curtailing Communist subversion in the Eastern Mediterranean and Middle East. Qaddab, who was not attending the meetings due to overseeing the Party & Nation Revolution expressed his 'infinite gratitude' towards the decision of the United States to 'see the people of Egypt prosper and contribute to global peace'. The sentiment is shared by many in Egypt's government, especially the army, who see a partnership with the United States as the best way to attain modern and effective military materials and training. The value possessed in a possible Egyptian Train and Equip Program (ETQP) which is led by the United States can strengthen the position of anti-Communist forces in the area and counter the aggressive actions of Turkey towards US partners such as Greece.
Marshall agreed to such a proposition. The United States would agree to assist Egypt militarily and economically in exchange for a partnership based on countering Communist expansionism and the stability of the Arab World. Thus, the United States would from this point forward, take a direct role in increasing the capabilities of Egypt's security and military institutions, likely helping to restaff and expand training schools for officers, the regular training of soldiers via on the ground military advisors and the modernization of equipment. As the talks continue these terms will be more specifically elaborated upon by both parties, as press releases on the exact details of an Egyptian-American partnership are yet to be released in full. The implications of the so-called Alexandria Conference signal a pivotal moment in Egyptian attitudes towards the United States and the wider emergent struggle between the Soviet and American spheres of leadership respectively. It is in fact a de facto Egyptian declaration of support for the position of the Truman Administration and by extension the Western world.
RELIGIOUS PARTIES PROTEST MODERNIZATION
Rashid Qaddab had stepped on many toes to push the Young Egypt Party's program of modernization. The Party & Nation Revolution had de facto proclaimed the intention of his government to pursue the dismantling of agricultural monopolies, pursue the full political emancipation of women and redefine Egypt into a modern and secular country. Religious factions, namely the Muslim Brotherhood which was founded and led by Hassan Al-Banna, issued a staunch rejection of Qaddab's reforms, especially with respect to women's participation in what was perceived to be a foreign governing process imposed upon Muslims. It just so happened that the main support base of this conservative Islamic movement would be Egypt's landlord classes, who were preparing to publicly oppose the Young Egypt Party.
On April 11th 1948 mosque Imam's, religious scholars, landlords, veiled women and regular citizens gathered before Cairo's town squares, busy streets, Parisian cafés and hotels to voice their perspective on the direction Qaddab was steering Egypt into. "Islam is the solution !", "Down with the idol Qaddab" and other such slogans would be the drum of which the protestors marched by. The Muslim Brotherhood had approximately 400,000 sympathizers across Egypt, of which almost 9,000 participated in the demonstrations, according to city authorities. The Young Egypt Government, ever so suspicious of the Brotherhood and unnerved by this recent popular mobilizations, instructed the state security apparatus to observe the movements of the protestors closely. In some instances, police intervened to break up skirmishes between supporters of the Qaddab and the Brotherhood members, illustrating that the Brotherhoods message had its opponents and also the deep polarization between Egyptian reformists and fundamentalist movements that had emerged.
It would be unfair to conclude that Qaddab's revolution has no support. It would also be equally unfair to conclude that it has no enemies. The Muslim Brotherhood has always been a thorn in the side of the Young Egypt Party, despite the two working together to see Britain's full exit outside of the affairs of Egypt, their different programs and belief systems had predetermined mutual hostilities and distrust. The Egyptian Government had been cautious to not arrest its key leaders, such as Al-Banna, or crush the Islamists through military force, for fear of immense backlash from its supporters. Likewise, the Muslim Brotherhood understands the unofficial boundaries that exist in Egyptian politics, entailing that the movement cannot move beyond peaceful actions for fear of provoking Qaddab's hand or the interference of the staunchly anti-Islamist military establishment. These conditions therefore mean that for the forceable future the status quo of protesting gestures will continue into a stalemate.